Challenges to the nation-state in Africa
Adebayo O. Olukoshi, Liisa Laakso, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Helsingin yliopisto. Kehitysmaainstituutti
Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, in cooperation with the Institute of Development Studies, University of Helsinki, 1996 - Political Science - 213 pages
The challenges facing the nation-state in contemporary Africa are increasingly attracting the attention of scholars interested to understand how the decomposition and recomposition of popular political identities on the continent are affecting the post-colonial (secular) unitary project. The studies presented in this volume show that the challenges to the post-colonial nation-state project in Africa have mainly taken ethno-regionalist, religious, and separatist forms. These challenges have been shaped and exacerbated by the environment of steep, long-drawn out economic crisis, zero-sum, market-led structural adjustment, and the legacy of decades of political authoritarianism and exclusion that dates from the colonial period. The contributors to the book argue the position that, among other things, more representative forms of government, power sharing, electoral pluralism, the re-invention of the post-colonial "social contract" (and with it public institutions), cultural autonomy for minority groups, and the devolution of power are central ingredients in any efforts at promoting national unity and a supporting civic identity in Africa.
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Preface and Acknowledgements
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African countries AMNUT areas argued associated authoritarian Babangida BALUKTA basis became Bukusu central centre challenges Christian citizenship civil clashes colonial communities constitution context created cultural Dagomba debate democracy democratic democratisation dominated economic crisis elections elite ethnic and religious ethnic groups ethnopolitical conflicts forces framework Ghana Harare Hausa ideological increasingly independence institutions interests Islamic issues Kalenjin KAMATUSA KANU Kericho District Kikuyu Konkonba labour land leaders leadership legitimacy Luhya majimbo majimbo project majimbo rallies major ment military MNSD mobilisation Montesquieu movement multi-ethnic multi-party Muslims nation-building nation-state project National Conference National Question national unity nationalist Ndebele Niamey Niger Nigeria Nigerian federalism Olukoshi opposition organised paramountcy party PF-ZAPU political popular post-colonial post-independence President problems reform regime regional Republic Rift Valley rule sector secular settlers social society squatters structural adjustment struggle Tanzania territorial tion transition Tuareg Tuareg rebellion unitary project UNRISD Zaire ZANU-PF Zarma Zimbabwe