Bias in Mental Testing
Illuminating detailed methods for assessing bias in commonly used I.Q., aptitude, and achievement tests, Jensen argues that standardized tests are not biased against Englishspeaking minority groups and describes the uses of such tests in education and employment.
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Sir Francis Galton 18221911
Alfred Binet 18571911
Charles Spearman 18631945
6 other sections not shown
achievement tests applicants aptitude tests average biased cognitive common correlation criteria cultural cutoff discrimination educational error of estimate example factor analysis factor loadings Figure g factor g loadings genotypic given grades group differences group factors group membership highly hypothesis individual differences intelligence tests intercorrelations interval scale involve IQ tests item difficulties learning major and minor matrix measure mental ability mental tests minor groups Model nonverbal normal curve normal distribution obtained occupational percent percentage persons population predictive validity predictor principal component problem psychologists psychometric race race x racial range raw scores regression line reliability rotated sample scale significant significantly skills Spearman specific standard deviation standard error standardized scores Stanford-Binet statistical subtests Table test bias test items test scores test's tion total score total variance trait true scores validity coefficient values variables verbal vocabulary Wechsler white and black white-black difference