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Page 247 - But here a very natural, and very material, question arises: how are these customs or maxims to be known, and by whom is their validity to be determined? The answer is, by the judges in the several courts of justice. They are the depositaries of the laws; . the living oracles, who must decide in all cases of doubt, and who are bound by an oath to decide according to the law of the land.
Page 246 - I therefore style these parts of our law leges non scriptae, because their original institution and authority are not set down in writing as acts of parliament are, but they receive their binding power and the force of laws by long and immemorial usage, and by their universal reception throughout the kingdom.
Page 182 - Norway is an extensive country, bounded on the ,west by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the east by Sweden. It is a cold, bleak, and barren region, but the inhabitants live pretty comfortably.
Page 227 - Privilege of parliament was principally established, in order to protect its members not only from being molested by their fellow-subjects, but also more especially from being oppressed by the power of the crown. If therefore all the privileges of parliament were once to be set down and ascertained, and no privilege to be allowed but what was so defined and determined, it were easy for the executive power to devise some new case, not within the line of privilege, and under pretence thereof to harass...
Page 246 - And indeed our antiquaries and early historians do all positively assure us, that our body of laws is of this compounded nature. For they tell us, that in the time of Alfred the local customs of the several provinces of the kingdom were grown so various, that he found it expedient to compile his dome-book, or liber judicialis, for the general use of the whole kingdom.
Page 253 - Mahometans, and one half of them are nearly in a savage state. The rest are in a barbarous condition. 8. The central parts of Africa abound in wild animals, such as lions, panthers, leopards, elephants, rhinoceroses, zebras, and quaggas. The woods are filled with chattering monkeys, the thickets are infested with monstrous serpents, ostriches roam over the deserts, various kinds of antelopes and deer in vast herds graze upon the plains, hippopotami are seen in the lakes and rivers, and crocodiles...
Page 60 - The power of the screw complicated as it appears, is referable to one of the most simple of the mechanical powers, the inclined plane. If a slip of paper be cut in the form of an inclined plane, and wound round a pencil, which will represent the cylinder, it will describe a spiral line corresponding to the spiral protuberance of the screw. The nut then ascends an inclined plane, but ascends it in a spiral instead of a straight line.
Page 60 - The nut then ascends an inclined plane, but ascends it in a spiral instead of a straight line. The closer the thread of the screw, the more easy is the ascent ; but the greater are the number of revolutions the winch must make ; so that we return to the old principle, what is saved in power is lost in time. The power of the screw may be increased, also, by lengthening the lever attached to the nut ; it is employed either for compression or to raise heavy weights.
Page 143 - Venice is more interesting. When the northern barbarians invaded Italy in 452, the inhabitants living in the vicinity of the present city of Venice settled in the marshes along the border of the sea, and supported themselves by fishing, making salt, and by commerce.
Page 102 - Not long after this king and queen were crowned, the American Revolution broke out. The United States declared themselves a free and independent republic. The people of France took a great interest in the affairs of America ; and they began to think that a republic was a better kind of government than a monarchy.