Closure and Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System

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National Academies Press, Apr 25, 2002 - Nature - 62 pages
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Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System (JACADS), the first fully integrated chemical agent disposal facility, is located on Johnston Island some 800 miles southwest of Hawaii. JACADS completed ten years of operations in November 2000, which resulted in the disposal of more than 2000 tons of nerve and mustard agents. In 1998, the Army began planning for closure and dismantling of the facility. In 1999, the NRC was asked to review the Army's planning. This book presents an assessment of planned and ongoing closure activities on Johnston Island in some detail. It also provides an analysis of the likely implications for closure of disposal facilities at eight continental U.S. storage sites.
  

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Contents

Introduction
6
Johnston Island Chemical Agent Stockpile
8
Statement of Task
9
Initial Considerations for Facility Closure
10
DETERMINATION OF END USE
11
RETENTION OF PERSONNEL
12
Planning the Closure Operation
13
CLOSURE ALTERNATIVES
14
MONITORING OF AREAS WORKERS AND MATERIALS
27
WASTE MANAGEMENT
28
The Process
29
Public Information and Outreach for JACADS
30
Planning for Transition to Closure
31
Facility Closeout Activities
32
AREA SAMPLING AND SURVEY DOCUMENTATION
33
Lessons Learned
34

Closure Materiel Procurement
15
Chemical Demilitarization Procurement Process
16
PREPARATION OF DETAILED ENGINEERING REQUIREMENTS
18
JACADS Operational and Storage Areas
19
DECONTAMINATION
20
SCHEDULE AND COST ESTIMATES
21
DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A SAFETY PROGRAM
22
Surety and Security After Completion of Agent Operations
23
Executing the Closure Plan
24
Closure Safety and Health Risks
25
Contaminated Material and Equipment
26
SPECIFIC CLOSURE LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE JACADS EXPERIENCE
35
Findings and Recommendations
36
PERSONNEL RETENTION
37
SECURITY
38
PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT
39
References
40
Reports by the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program Stockpile Committee
45
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
47
Closure Planning and Implementation
51
JACADS Sampling and Analysis Plan Maps and Photographs
53
Examples of Information Required for Two Types of Final Closure Survey Reports
61

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Page v - Virginia ROBERT L. CATTOI, Rockwell International (retired), Dallas, Texas RICHARD A. CONWAY, Union Carbide Corporation (retired), Charleston, West Virginia GILBERT F. DECKER, Walt Disney Imagineering (retired), Glendale, California ROBERT R.
Page xviii - ... for general public reuse. In specific cases in which approval has been granted, a 3X material may be shipped to an approved hazardous waste treatment facility for disposal in a landfill or for further treatment.
Page xviii - ... and local regulations. An item is decontaminated completely when it has been subjected to procedures that are known to completely degrade the agent molecule, or when analyses, submitted through Army channels for approval by the Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board, have shown that the total quantity of agent is less than the minimal health effects dosage as determined by the Surgeon General. A 5X condition must be certified by the commander or designated representative. One approved...
Page ix - Academies, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered.

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