Organizational environments: ritual and rationality
Meyer and Scott are among the leading proponents of the environmental view of organizational theory, which sees organizational structures as primarily determined by environment as opposed to technology. Their view and approach is demonstrated here in a collection of essays, that consider the place of organizations within a wider institutional structure, paying particular attention to educational systems and medical services.
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From Technology to Environment
THE INSTITUTIONAL ORIGINS
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administrative agencies American education authority buffer bureaucratic centralization centrists changes classroom complex conflict conformity constituencies coordination corporatist create cultural decentralized decisions decoupling defined district domains educa educational organizations educational system effects elaborate elements environmental eral evaluation example external federal formal organizations formal structure fragmented functions funding groups highly implementation important inconsistent incorporate increasingly individual innova inspection institutional environments institutional rules integrated interest internal interorganizational field involved isomorphic knowledge and innovation large number legitimacy legitimate linkages linked loosely coupled ments Meyer and Rowan models modern societies monetarization myths nizations normative occupational orga organiza organization theory organizational structure outputs political problems processes production profes professional programs Proposition rational organization relations reporting requirements RICHARD SCOTT ritual classifications role Scott sector social Sociology specific standards teachers technical technologies tend theory tion tional tural types units