Husserl and Transcendental Intersubjectivity: A Response to the Linguistic-pragmatic Critique
Husserl and Transcendental Intersubjectivity analyzes the transcendental relevance of intersubjectivity and argues that an intersubjective transformation of transcendental philosophy can already be found in phenomenology, especially in Husserl. Husserl eventually came to believe that an analysis of transcendental intersubjectivity was a conditio sine qua non for a phenomenological philosophy. Drawing on both published and unpublished manuscripts, Dan Zahavi examines Husserl's reasons for this conviction and delivers a detailed analysis of his radical and complex concept of intersubjectivity, showing that precisely his reflections on transcendental intersubjectivity are capable of clarifying the core-concepts of phenomenology, thus making possible a new understanding of Husserl's philosophy.
Against this background the book compares his view with the approaches to intersubjectivity found in Heidegger, Sartre, and Merleau-Ponty, and it then attempts to establish to what extent the phenomenological approach can contribute to the current discussion of intersubjectivity. This is achieved through a systematic confrontation with the language-pragmatical positions of Apel and Habermas.
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absolute already analysis Apel and Habermas Apel's apodictic appearance being-in-the-world being-with being-with-one-another belongs Chapter characterized claims concept of constitution concrete experience condition of possibility consciousness consensus correlate critique currently actual Da-sein distinction emphasizes ence epistemology existence experienced Fink foreign fundamental Heidegger Hence horizon Husserl's phenomenology Husserliana ideal identity implies individual insofar intentional intentional object intentionality interpretation intersub intersubjective validity intuitively investigation ject jectivity language language game linguistic lived bodily lived body matter means merely Merleau-Ponty mode of givenness monads mundane naturally normality object objectivating ontic ontological open intersubjectivity other-as-subject other's perceived perception plurality precisely present presupposes primal primordial priori problem question radical reduction reference reflections relation relationship rience Sartre scendental Schutz sense solipsism solipsistic speak stream of consciousness structure temporal thematic theory thing tion tran transcendence transcendental intersubjectivity transcendental phenomenology transcendental subjectivity truth ultimately understanding unity world in common