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Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More Than 400 Languages
Limited preview - 1998
Albanian Albanian language ancient Arabic Arian Asia aspirata become Black Sea Bohemian branch Bulgarian called Caspian Caspian Sea Caucasian Caucasus Celtic century Cloth coast Comparative Philology consonants Danube dental derived diacritical dialects dictionary diphthong distinct dots East English Europe express Finnic flatus flatus asper French frontier German grammar grammatical forms Greek guages guttural flatus Hungarian idioms Illyrian Illyrian language India inhabitants Italian Italics Klaproth Kuban labial Latin letters lingual liquid semi-vowel literary literature Missionary Alphabet modern modification Mongolic nasal nations northern original palatal Persian phonetic physiological Professor pronounced pronunciation province race represent river Roman root Russian Safarik Sanskrit Semitic Servian sibilant signs Slavonic sound speak spiritus asper spiritus lenis spoken Tataric Tataric languages tenuis Teutonic tion tongue translation tribes Tungusic Turanian Turanian family Turanian languages Turkic Turkic languages Turkish Turks types verb vowels Wallachian words write
Page 159 - It is a work which manifests the most intimate and profound knowledge of Scripture, and which, if we examine it with care, will often be found to condense more matter into a line than can be extracted from many pages of other writers.
Page 87 - Most words and grammatical forms in these two families seem to have been thrown out but once by the creative power of an individual mind ; and the differences of the various Semitic and Arian languages, whether ancient or modern, were produced, not so much by losses and new creations, as by changes and corruptions which defaced in various ways the original design of these most primitive works of human art.
Page 29 - The terms for God, for house, for father, mother, son, daughter, for dog and cow, for heart and tears, for axe and tree, identical in all the Indo-European idioms, are like the watchwords of soldiers.
Page 94 - ... them in the following manner. He appoints an officer to the command of every ten men, and others to command an hundred, a thousand, and ten thousand men, respectively. Thus ten of the officers commanding ten men take their orders from him who commands a hundred; of these, each ten, from him who commands a thousand; and each ten of these latter, from him who commands ten thousand. By this arrangement each officer has only to attend to the management of ten men or ten bodies of men; and...
Page 25 - In a letter, dated April 1853, Sir Henry Rawlinson wrote: ' On the clay tablets which we have found at Nineveh, and which now are to be counted by thousands, there are explanatory treatises on almost every subject under the sun; the art of writing, grammars, and dictionaries, notation, weights and measures, divisions of time, chronology, astronomy, geography, history, mythology, geology, botany, &c. In fact we have now at our disposal a perfect cyclopaedia of Assyrian science.
Page 116 - Kalevala possesses merits not dissimilar from those of the Iliad, and will claim its place as the fifth national epic of the world, side by side with the Ionian Songs, with the Mahabharata, the Shahnameth, and and the Nibelunge.
Page 36 - Galic of the west coast of Scotland; and the dialect of the Isle of Man. Although these Celtic dialects are still spoken, the Celts themselves can no longer be considered an independent nation, like the Germans or Slaves. In former times, however, they not only enjoyed political autonomy, but asserted it successfully against Germans and Romans. Gaul, Belgium, and Britain were Celtic dominions, and the north of Italy was chiefly inhabited by them.
Page 86 - The third family is the Turanian. It comprises all languages spoken in Asia or Europe not included under the Arian and Semitic families, with the exception perhaps of the Chinese and its dialects. This is, indeed, a very wide range; and the characteristic marks of union, ascertained for this immense variety of languages, are as yet very vague and general, if compared with the definite ties of relationship which severally unite the Semitic and the Arian.