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according affirm analogy animal antecedent applied Archbishop Whately argument ascer ascertained assertion bability body called cause chance character circumstances classification coexistence collocation colour common complete induction conception conclusion connexion connotation considered counteracting deductive definition degree denote depend derivative law distinct doctrine doctrine of chances Dugald Stewart effect ellipse empirical law equal error Ethology evidence example exist experience express fact fallacy fecula genus ground human hypothesis idea induction inference inquiry instance kind known language laws of causation laws of nature manner meaning Method Method of Agreement mind mode motion objects observation particular peculiar persons pheno phenomena phenomenon philosophers planets premisses principles probability produced properties propositions prove question racter ratiocination reason recognised resemblance respecting result rience scientific scientific classification sensations sense species stances substance sufficient supposed supposition term theory things tion true truth ultimate uniformities universal universal proposition Whewell word
Page 110 - I am convinced that any one accustomed to abstraction and analysis, who will fairly exert his faculties for the purpose, will' when his imagination has once learnt to entertain the notion, find no difficulty in conceiving that in some one for instance of the many firmaments into which sidereal astronomy now divides the universe, events may succeed one another at random, without any fixed law; nor can anything in our experience, or in our mental nature, constitute a sufficient, or indeed any, reason...
Page 359 - That gravity should be innate, inherent and essential to matter, so that one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else by and through which their action and force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity, that I believe no man who has in philosophical matters a competent faculty of thinking can ever fall into it.
Page 248 - E; — while at the same time no quality can be found which belongs in common to any three objects in the series. Is it not conceivable that the affinity between A and B may produce a transference of the name of the first to the second; and that, in consequence of the other affinities which connect the remaining objects together, the same name may pass in succession from B to C; from C to D; and from D to E...
Page 571 - These it takes, to a certain extent, into its calculations, because these do not merely, like other desires, occasionally conflict with the pursuit of wealth, but accompany it always as a drag, or impediment, and are therefore inseparably mixed up in the cohsideration of it. Political Economy considers mankind as occupied solely in acquiring and consuming wealth...
Page 302 - The ends of scientific classification are best answered, when the objects are formed into groups respecting which a greater number of general propositions can be made, and those propositions more important, than could be made respecting any other groups into which the same things could be distributed.
Page 522 - The laws of the formation of character are, in short, derivative laws, resulting from the general laws of mind, and are to be obtained by deducing them from those general laws by supposing any given set of circumstances and then considering what, according to the laws of mind, will be the influence of those circumstances on the formation of character.
Page 587 - ... the proximate cause of every state of society is the state of society immediately preceding it. The fundamental problem, therefore, of the social science, is to find the laws according to which any state of society produces the state which succeeds it and takes its place.
Page 308 - Type is an example of any class, for instance, a species of a genus, which is considered as eminently possessing the characters of the class. All the species which have a greater affinity with this Type-species than with any others, form the genus, and are ranged about it, deviating from it in various directions and diiferent degrees.