Measuring community indicators: a systems approach to drug and alcohol problems
Drug and alcohol abuse monitoring and prevention has been pushed from the national to the local and community level. How do communities go about measuring the effectiveness of their drug and alcohol abuse programs? Aimed at providing communities and researchers with the needed analytic and practical tools for assessing their programs, Measuring Community Indicators begins with a presentation of how to collect community indicator data. The authors argue that while highly aggregated national data perform a number of important research and policy functions, such data are distinct from community indicator data and are of questionable use to local policy-oriented officials. They present a theoretical perspective--developed from community systems theory--as a basis for the practical strategies outlined in the book. They then cover such topics as different community indicators, the role of community surveys in filling the gaps in available "official statistics," and specific techniques for the primary collection of community indicator data (such as geographical mapping, systems of community data acquisition, and community contact maintenance). Researchers and evaluators of substance abuse and substance abuse programs will find this book provides them with the interdisciplinary information necessary to conceptualize and measure community drug and alcohol problems.
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Community Indicators from a Systems Perspective
Systems Models and Society
Substance UseAbuse Indicators
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Addiction alcohol abuse alcohol and drug alcohol availability alcohol consumption patterns alcohol price alcohol problems alcohol-related problems analysis archival areas arrest data availability of alcohol barbiturates behaviors Blose census tract cocaine community indicator data community systems community-level consensual crimes contact record costs crime criminal data collection data sources demographic disease Drug Abuse drug and alcohol drug problems drug sales drug-related drunk driving economic effect environment Esophageal varices evaluation example geographic Grossman Gruenewald Holder illegal drug illegal drug trade increased individuals issues level of aggregation maps marijuana measures minimum drinking age mortality National Institute nity nomic obtained opioids outcomes police Ponicki population prevention public health model rates of arrest relationships retail activity Self-reports SIMCOM simulation social indicators movement social norms specific studies survey data systems models systems perspective temporal theoretical tion traffic crashes treatment Treno Uniform Crime Reporting United urban Vanderbilt University zip code