Measuring Community Indicators: A Systems Approach to Drug and Alcohol Problems

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Paul J. Gruenewald
SAGE Publications, 1997 - Medical - 104 pages
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How do communities go about measuring the effectiveness of their drug and alcohol abuse programmes? This useful volume provides communities and researchers with the necessary analytic and practical tools for assessing their programmes. The authors begin with a presentation of how to collect community indicator data, arguing that while highly aggregated national data perform a number of important research and policy functions, such data are distinct from community indicator data and of questionable use to local policy-oriented officials. Next, they present a theoretical perspective, developed from community systems theory, as a basis for the practical strategies outlined in the book. They then cover topics such as: different community indica

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Contents

Community Indicators from a Systems Perspective
9
Systems Models and Society
24
Substance UseAbuse Indicators
34
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Dr. Paul J. Gruenewald has worked as a Senior Research Scientist at Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, since 1987. His research interests focus upon studies of the social, economic and physical availability of alcohol, alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. Additional foci of his work include mathematical and statistical models of alcohol use and related problems, the development of evaluation methodologies appropriate to community-based evaluations of preventive interventions, and the environmental prevention of violence. Dr. Gruenewald is currently Scientific Director of Prevention Research Center (PRC), Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE); a research division that focuses upon developing the scientific bases for the prevention of drug and alcohol problems. He also directs the Spatial Systems Group, a coordinating center for PIRE-wide work using Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Statistical Systems, and Spatial Dynamic Models. He has been a Principal or Co-Investigator on 18 funded research projects. Dr. Gruenewald is currently Principal Investigator on three research projects funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) within the National Institutes of Health (NIH); a grant to study the relationships of alcohol outlets to violence among adults in California, a contract to develop mathematical ecological models of alcohol use and related problems in community settings, and an NIAAA funded Center grant to develop scientific bases for the prevention of alcohol related problems (the Environmental Approaches to Prevention Research Center). In honor of his research achievements, Dr. Gruenewald recently received a Merit Award from NIAAA to support continued studies of alcohol outlets and violence.