The Early Settlement of North America: The Clovis Era
The Early Occupation of the New World is an examination of the first recognisable culture in North America: the Clovis complex. Gary Haynes begins his analysis with a discussion of the archaeology of Clovis fluted points in North America and a review of the history of the research on the topic. He presents and evaluates all the evidence that is now available on the artefacts, the human populations of the time, and the environment, and he examines the adaptation of the early human settlers in North America to the simultaneous disappearance of the mammoths and mastodonts. Haynes offers a compelling re-appraisal of our current state of knowledge about the peopling of this continent and provides a significant new contribution to the debate with his own integrated theory of Clovis, which incorporates vital new biological, ecological, behavioural and archaeological data.
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Fluted points and the peopling of the Americas
What is Clovis? The archeological record
Clovis archeological culture
The Old and New World patterns compared
Figures in the landscape foraging in the Clovis era
Anderson animals Archaeology archeologists areas artifacts assemblages associated behavior Beringia bifaces bison Blackwater Locality Bonnichsen butchering C. V. Haynes cache Cactus Hill climate Clovis culture Clovis foragers Clovis lithics Clovis points Clovis sites Clovis-era colonization contain culture def1ned diet dispersal distribution early eastern environment evidence example extinction flakes fluted points Folsom fossil fragments Frison Gainey Gravettian habitats Holocene human foragers human populations hunters hunting interpreted iodine ivory kill killsites Lake landscape Last Glacial Maximum late Pleistocene mammals mammoth bones mammoths and mastodonts megamammals Meltzer Mexico migration mobile modern elephants noncultural North America Paleoindian patches patterns Plains possible post-Clovis pre-Clovis prehistoric prey proboscidean projectile points radiocarbon dates radiometric dates ranges rcybp region relatively Research sediments settlement similar skeleton Solutrean sources southern species specif1c specimens Stanford studies subregion subsistence suggested taxa toolstone Upper Paleolithic variability World