Neuroscience and the person: scientific perspectives on divine action
This collection of twenty-one essays explores the creative interaction among the cognitive neurosciences, philosophy, and theology. It is the result of the fourth of five international research conferences co-sponsored by the Vatican Observatory, Rome, and the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences, Berkeley. The overarching goal of these conferences is to support the engagement of constructive theology with the natural sciences and to investigate the philosophical and theological elements in ongoing theoretical research in the natural sciences.In Section One, essays on biblical accounts of human nature (Joel B. Green) and on the role of philosophical theories of human nature in recent theology (Fergus Kerr) are paired with "snapshots" of neuroscientific research (Joseph E. LeDoux, Peter Hagoort, Marc Jeannerod, and Leslie A. Brothers) to set the poles between which the volume's dialogue proceeds. In Section Two, essays of two types bridge the fields of cognitive neuroscience and philosophy of mind: the first begin with findings in science that raise philosophical issues (Michael A. Arbib, LeDoux, Jeannerod); the second type address current philosophical accounts of human nature, focusing especially on reductionism (William R. Stoeger, Nancey Murphy, Theo C. Meyering). Essays in Section Three proceed from neuroscientific or philosophical accounts of human nature to theological interpretations: three essays provide comprehensive accounts of human nature consistent with both theology and science (Philip Clayton, Arthur Peacocke, Ian G. Barbour); others relate findings and general trends in neuroscience to phenomenological and Thomistic accounts of human experience (StephenHappel), to Christian teaching on life after death (Ted Peters), and to religious experience (Fraser Watts, Wesley J. Wildman, and Leslie Brothers). Section Four offers conflicting answers to the question whether or not a theistic
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The MindBrain Problem the Laws of Nature
Cognitive Neuroscience and Religious Consciousness
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activity amygdala Arbib argues Arthur Peacocke behavior belief biblical biological body Cambridge Cartesian causal Christian cognitive neuroscience communication complex concept consciousness constitutive relationships context cortex Descartes discussion distinction divine action downward causation dualism embodied emergent emergentist emotions entities environment essay example existence explanations external Fear Conditioning function God's higher level hippocampus human brain human person Ibid important individual interaction interpretation involved Jaegwon Kim language LeDoux lesions lower-level memory metaphysical mind monism multiple realizability Nancey Murphy nature neural neurons neuroscientists nonreducibility notion object ontological organization Oxford particular patterns perception phenomena philosophical philosophy of mind physical physicalist prefrontal prefrontal cortex problem processes properties psychology question reality reducibility reductionism relation religion religious experience representation responses resurrection role schema theory scientific sense social soul stimulus structures supervenience temporal theologians theology ultimacy experiences understanding University Press whole-part York