Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language, is the official language of Maharashtra, including Mumbai. Father Thomas Stephens, the first English traveler to Goa, a pioneer linguist, wrote "Christa Puran" in Marathi (1616) and "Arte da Lingoa Canarim" in Portuguese, printed in (1640). The latter is a grammar of Konkani, a language closely related to Marathi. It is the first grammar of its kind marking a new grammatical tradition for modern Indo-Aryan languages. The present volume contains an extensive account of Marathi phonology, morphology, word formation and syntax. It succinctly describes the accentual system, special compound verb forms, unique pronominal anaphors, complex agreement due to split ergative system, and special pronominal marking. The book also contains a case study of a child s acquisition of Marathi and an essay on Women s Language, the two topics that are increasingly becoming relevant to the grammar."
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2 Sound system
4 Word formation
5 Subject and agreement
6 Simple sentences
7 Complex sentences
8 Compound sentences
9 Interrogative sentences
ADJ>ADJ adjectives adpositions adverbs agreement ahe-t alveo-palatal apsn Babu Babu-DAT babu-la Be-PAST Be-PRES comp complements compound consonant constituent correlative Damle dative dative subject deleted desiderative Dhongde eat-iMPF ergative ergative subjects example express feminine free morpheme gender and number girl go-iMP go-PERF-3MSG grammar grammarians he-DAT he-ERG he-MSG I-dat inflected inflected for gender interrogative intonation intransitive ja-u kahi kha-t language Lili Lili-DAT Lili-ERG lili-la lili-ni mahit main clause main verb majha mango marked masculine md-la Mini Mini-DAT mini-la modal mulgi N>ADJ nahi nasal negation negative neuter nominative non-finite non-finite clause Note noun oblique marker optionally participle particle perfective aspect person pronouns phrasal verb postpositions precede predicates Pune quantifiers reduplicator reflexive relative clause retroflex Sanskrit semantic sentence Singular Plural suffix sufx syllable syntactic tell-PERF-NSG tense ti-la transitive verbs tu-la tya-la tya-ne V>ADJ Variation verb agrees vowel Wali wdhi you-DAT