Electrochemical Process Engineering: A Guide to the Design of Electrolytic Plant
As the subtitle indicates, the overriding intention of the authors has been to provide a practical guide to the design of electrolytic plant. We wanted to show that the procedures for the design and optimization of such a plant are essentially simple and can be performed by readers comparatively new to the electrochemical field. It was important to realize that electrochemical engineering should not be confused with applied electrochemistry but had to be based on the principles of chemical engineering. For this reason, reference is often made to standard chemical engineering texts. Since this is a practical guide rather than a textbook, we have included a large number of worked examples on the principle that a good worked example is worth many paragraphs of text. In some examples we have quoted costs, e.g., of chemicals, plant or services. These costs are merely illustrative; current values will have to be obtained from manufacturers or journals. If this is not possible, approximate methods are available for updating costs to present-day values (see Refs. 1 and 3, Chapter 6).
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Introduction to Electrochemical Engineering
Aspects of Mass and Heat Transfer and the Energetics
Rate Processes and Reaction Models
7 other sections not shown
adsorption anode anolyte batch reactor boundary layer calculated capital costs cathode cathode area cathodic reaction catholyte cell stack cell voltage Chapter charge transfer chemical yield concentration conductivity conversion cooling water correlations current density current efficiency cylinder determined diaphragm diffusion effect electrical electrochemical reactor Electrochemistry electrode potential electrode surface electrolyte flow electrolytic cells electrolytic reactor electrosynthesis energy balance enthalpy equation equilibrium example experimental FIGURE flow rate fluidized free energy Gibbs free energy glyoxylic acid heat transfer hydrogen evolution J/mol kmol kmol/m3 laminar mass transfer coefficient mass transfer rates obtained ohmic open-circuit voltage operation optimization optimum overpotential parallel plate parameters payback plant polarization curve potentiostatic primary current distribution PROBLEM process model production costs pumps rate-determining step ratio reactant reaction model reactor design recirculation resistance Reynolds number rotating scale-up Section solution species Table Tafel temperature turbulence promoters U(VI unit variables velocity