The Jewish Women of Ravensbruck Concentration Camp

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Terrace Books, 2006 - History - 279 pages
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    Ravensbrück was the only major Nazi concentration camp for women. Located about fifty miles north of Berlin, the camp was the site of murder by slave labor, torture, starvation, shooting, lethal injection, "medical" experimentation, and gassing.
    While this camp was designed to hold 5,000 women, the actual figure was six times this number. Between 1939 and 1945, 132,000 women from twenty-three countries were imprisoned in Ravensbrück, including political prisoners, Jehovah's Witnesses, "asocials" (including Gypsies, prostitutes, and lesbians), criminals, and Jewish women (who made up about 20 percent of the population). Only 15,000 survived.
    Drawing upon more than sixty narratives and interviews of survivors in the United States, Israel, and Europe as well as unpublished testimonies, documents, and photographs from private archives, Rochelle Saidel provides a vivid collective and individual portrait of Ravensbrück's Jewish women prisoners. She worked for over twenty years to track down these women whose poignant testimonies deserve to be shared with a wider audience and future generations. Their memoirs provide new perspectives and information about satellite camps (there were about 70 slave labor sub-camps). Here is the story of real daily camp life with the women's thoughts about food, friendships, fear of rape and sexual abuse, hygiene issues, punishment, work, and resistance. Saidel includes accounts of the women's treatment, their daily struggles to survive, their hopes and fears, their friendships, their survival strategies, and the aftermath.
    On April 30, 1945, the Soviet Army liberated Ravensbrück. They found only 3,000 extremely ill women in the camp, because the Nazis had sent other remaining women on a death march. The Jewish Women of Ravensbrück Concentration Camp reclaims the lost voices of the victims and restores the personal accounts of the survivors.

  

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Contents

1 A Special Hell for Women
12
2 Triangles of Many Colors
26
3 Olga Benario Prestes and Kathe Pick Leichter
41
4 Resistance that Lifted the Spirit
53
5 Joyless Childhoods
64
6 A Year of Comings and Goings 1944
79
7 Women at Work
95
A Jewish American
109
12 Malchow and the Death Marches
166
13 Rescue to Sweden
178
14 Reconstructing Lives in the Aftermath
189
15 Gender and Womens Bodies
204
Ravensbriick Still on My Mind
217
The Jewish Ravensbriick Survivors
227
Notes
231
Selected Reference List
259

9Jewish Evacuees Arrive from Auschwitz
121
10 Late Arrivals from Other Camps
137
11 The Satellite Work Camps
151

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About the author (2006)

Rochelle Saidel is founder and executive director of the Remember the Women Institute in New York and senior scientific researcher at the Center for the Study of Women and Gender at the University of São Paulo. She is author of Never Too Late to Remember: The Politics behind New York City's Holocaust Museum and The Outraged Conscience: Seekers of Justice for Nazi War Criminals in America.

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