The Analysis of Matter

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Psychology Press, 1992 - Science - 408 pages
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'The Analysis of Matter' is one of the earliest and best philosophical studies of the new physics of relativity and quantum mechanics. Written at the time of major new developments in physics and just when quantum mechanics was being developed, Russell offers an analysis of the concepts and problems that are central to a philosophical understanding of physics, and argues for a revised concept of matter. 'The Analyis of Matter' demonstrates the logical structure of the world and develops Russell's views on the philosophy of science out of the theories of such scientists as Einstein, Bohr and Heisenberg.
  

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Contents

THE NATURE OF THE PROBLEM
1
PART I
6
PART III
9
PUBRELATIVITY PHYSICS
13
ELECTRONS AND PROTONS
24
THE THEORY OF QUANTA
30
THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY
48
THE GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY
55
PERCEPTION AND OBJECTIVITY
218
THE BELIEF IN GENERAL LAWS
229
SUBSTANCE
238
IMPORTANCE OF STRUCTURE IN SCIENTIFIC INFERENCE
249
PERCEPTION FROM THE STANDPOINT OF PHYSICS
257
NONMENTAL ANALOGUES TO PERCEPTION
265
THE STRUCTURE OF THE PHYSICAL WORLD
273
PARTICULARS AND EVENTS
275

THE METHOD OF TENSORS
63
GEODESICS
72
INVARIANTS AND THEIR PHYSICAL INTERPRETATION
84
WEYLS THEORY
95
THE PRINCIPLE OF DIFFERENTIAL LAWS
101
MEASUREMENT
109
MATTER AND SPACE
121
THE ABSTRACT NESS OF PHYSICS
130
PHYSICS AND PERCEPTION
137
FROM PRIMITIVE PERCEPTION TO COMMON SENSE
141
WHAT is AN EMPIRICAL SCIENCE?
169
OUR KNOWLEDGE OF PARTICULAR MATTERS OF FACT
178
DATA INFERENCES HYPOTHESES AND THEORIES
187
THE CAUSAL THEORY OF PERCEPTION
197
THE CONSTRUCTION OF POINTS
290
SPACETIME ORDER
302
CAUSAL LINES
319
EXTRINSIC CAUSAL LAWS
324
PHYSICAL AND PERCEPTUAL SPACETIME
333
PERIODICITY AND QUALITATIVE SERIES
343
TYPES OF PHYSICAL OCCURRENCES
355
CAUSALITY AND INTERVAL
367
THE GENESIS OF SPACETIMS
376
PHYSICS AND NEUTRAL MONISM
382
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION 394
394
INDEX
403
Copyright

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About the author (1992)

Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1872-1970) was a British philosopher, logician, essayist and social critic. He was best known for his work in mathematical logic and analytic philosophy. Together with G.E. Moore, Russell is generally recognized as one of the main founders of modern analytic philosophy. Together with Kurt Gödel, he is regularly credited with being one of the most important logicians of the twentieth century. Over the course of a long career, Russell also made contributions to a broad range of subjects, including the history of ideas, ethics, political and educational theory, and religious studies. General readers have benefited from his many popular writings on a wide variety of topics. After a life marked by controversy--including dismissals from both Trinity College, Cambridge, and City College, New York--Russell was awarded the Order of Merit in 1949 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950. Noted also for his many spirited anti-nuclear protests and for his campaign against western involvement in the Vietnam War, Russell remained a prominent public figure until his death at the age of 97.

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