Education in the Democratic Republic of Congo: priorities and options for regeneration
The education system in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has proved remarkably resilient in the face of economic crisis and armed conflict. Enrolment has grown at all levels but has been most rapid in higher education. During this period of conflict, the education sector was financed almost entirely by household contributions. The DRC is now faced with critical policy choices as it moves to a more efficient and equitable balance between public and private financing and in expanding and upgrading the quality of the system.'Education in the Democratic Republic of Congo' presents a comprehensive analysis of the current status of the education system in the DRC. Using data from a variety of sources, including government sources, special school surveys of public and private schools as well as parents, and achievement tests, the book presents analyses of student flows, public and private expenditures and student learning. The difficult trade-offs in sectoral objectives and strategies are highlighted through illustrative financial simulations that show the financial requirements by sub-sector and sources of financing.
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Background and Context
Overview of the Education SystemGrowth and Efficiency
Education Finance in the Democratic Republic of Congo
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50 percent administrative Annuaires statistiques annual areas average score Bandundu Bas-Congo budget cation classroom Congo Congolese construction decline dropout EADs economic education system enrollment Equateur estimates external aid financing French funds Gross Enrollment Ratio growth higher education higher secondary improving infrastructure internal efficiency investment Kasai-Occidental Kasai-Oriental Katanga Kinshasa language large number lower secondary Maniema ment MICS million multigrade non-personnel non-teaching staff Nord-Kivu norms Np Np Np parents pedagogical population pre-primary primary and secondary primary education primary level primary school primary teachers private institutions private schools programs Province Orientale provinces public expenditure public institutions public spending pupil pupil-teacher ratio recurrent expenditure reduce requirements scenario sch1l secondary education secondary level secondary schools SECOPE share Source Sud-Kivu Table teacher training teaching textbooks tion transition rate UNICEF UNIKIN unit cost universities University of Kinshasa World Bank