The Psychology of Problem Solving
Janet E. Davidson, Robert J. Sternberg
Cambridge University Press, Jun 9, 2003 - Medical - 394 pages
Problems are a central part of human life. The Psychology of Problem Solving organizes in one volume much of what psychologists know about problem solving and the factors that contribute to its success or failure. There are chapters by leading experts in this field, including Miriam Bassok, Randall Engle, Anders Ericsson, Arthur Graesser, Keith Stanovich, Norbert Schwarz, and Barry Zimmerman, among others. The Psychology of Problem Solving is divided into four parts. Following an introduction that reviews the nature of problems and the history and methods of the field, Part II focuses on individual differences in, and the influence of, the abilities and skills that humans bring to problem situations. Part III examines motivational and emotional states and cognitive strategies that influence problem solving performance, while Part IV summarizes and integrates the various views of problem solving proposed in the preceding chapters.
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Recognizing Defining and Representing Problems
The Acquisition of Expert Performance as Problem
Is Success or Failure at Solving Complex Problems Related
A Source of Difficulty in Problem Solving
Insights about Insightful Problem Solving
The Role of Working Memory in Problem Solving
Comprehension of Text in Problem Solving
activities approach aspects base behavior Cambridge University Press chapter chess cognitive Cognitive Psychology complex problem solving comprehension computational biases conjunction fallacy context correlations Cosmides creative problem solving Davidson deliberate practice Educational Psychology effects emotions Ericsson Erlbaum evaluation everyday example Experimental Psychology expert performance expertise feedback fluid intelligence Frensch functional fixedness goal heuristic Hillsdale Holyoak human hypothesis implicit learning individual differences inferences intellectual ability intelligence interaction intrinsic motivation involved Journal of Experimental Kintsch learning Lubart mathematical mechanisms mediating memory capacity metacognitive mood motivation novices participants phase players prediction prior knowledge prob problem-solving competence problem-solving performance processing style R. J. Sternberg reasoning relation relevant role Schunk Schwarz selection self-efficacy self-regulation semantic similar Simon situation model skill Social Psychology solvers specific Stanovich strategy structure surface target problem task theory thinking tion Tower of Hanoi variables verbal word problems York Zimmerman