The Psychology of Problem Solving

Front Cover
Janet E. Davidson, Robert J. Sternberg
Cambridge University Press, Jun 9, 2003 - Medical - 394 pages
2 Reviews
Problems are a central part of human life. The Psychology of Problem Solving organizes in one volume much of what psychologists know about problem solving and the factors that contribute to its success or failure. There are chapters by leading experts in this field, including Miriam Bassok, Randall Engle, Anders Ericsson, Arthur Graesser, Keith Stanovich, Norbert Schwarz, and Barry Zimmerman, among others. The Psychology of Problem Solving is divided into four parts. Following an introduction that reviews the nature of problems and the history and methods of the field, Part II focuses on individual differences in, and the influence of, the abilities and skills that humans bring to problem situations. Part III examines motivational and emotional states and cognitive strategies that influence problem solving performance, while Part IV summarizes and integrates the various views of problem solving proposed in the preceding chapters.
  

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Contents

Recognizing Defining and Representing Problems
3
The Acquisition of Expert Performance as Problem
31
Is Success or Failure at Solving Complex Problems Related
87
A Source of Difficulty in Problem Solving
127
Insights about Insightful Problem Solving
149
The Role of Working Memory in Problem Solving
176
Comprehension of Text in Problem Solving
207
Motivating SelfRegulated Problem Solvers
233
The Fundamental Computational Biases of Human
291
Analogical Transfer in Problem Solving
343
Problem Solving LargeSmall HardEasy
373
Index
385
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About the author (2003)

Janet E. Davidson is Associate Professor of Psychology at Lewis & Clark College, where she won the Professor of the Year award in 1997. She does research on several aspects of giftedness, including the roles that insight and metacognitive skils play in gifted problem solving performance. In 1988, she won a Mensa Education and Research Foundation Award for Excellence.

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