The Conditions of Philosophy: Its Checkered Past, Its Present Disorder, and Its Future Promise
Is philosophy in its dotage? Is it bankrupt and no longer deserving of the respect that is accorded science? Or is it still in infancy? As major intellectual enterprises in our Western civilization, science and philosophy have had equally long careers, going back to their simultaneous beginnings more than 2,500 years ago. The last 300 years have brought science to high public esteem for its methods, its accomplishments, and its usefulness. But in that same 300 years the methods, accomplishments, and usefulness of philosophy have come, more and more, to be questioned - by philosophers themselves as well as by the public.
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The Five Conditions
Other Views of Philosophy
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A. J. Ayer achieve analytical and linguistic appeal to experience Aristotle atoms body of knowledge branch of knowledge C. I. Lewis called Chapter common experience common-sense opinions competence concerned conflict critical Descartes disciplines distinct doctrine dogmatic theology effort elementary particles empirical ence episteme epistemology existence existentialists falsified first-order knowledge Hegel historical research human inferior to science instrumentalist view involves J. J. C. Smart J. O. Urmson know-how know-that Leibniz losophy mathematics matter mediaeval method mixed questions mode of inquiry modern natural theology nature non-investigative normative philosophy opinions or beliefs particles philo philoso philosophical enterprise philosophical knowledge philosophical theories philosophical thought Plato problems propositions public enterprise reality relation religion satisfy science and history science and philosophy scientific knowledge scientists second-order questions sense of doxa sense-data sophical special experience statement theories or conclusions things tions understanding view of philosophy word