1618. Feb. I. Aboard the Unicorn.

Feb. 2.


Feb. 2.

Feb. 3.

Feb. 3.

258. Ric. Hounsell to Geo. Ball, president at Bautam. "Discourtesies pierce deep, especially where they are not deserved;" is free from deserving any from him. In reply to his demands whether Capt. Pepwell had been aboard the Unicorn and confirmed Hounsell captain; whether Pepwell had power to do so, and that Ball would ere long alter what had been done. Has six men with him who came from the Dutch at several times and are in want of apparel. [One page and a quarter. O.C., Vol. V., No. 603.]

259. Win. Stonywell to Edw. Longe at Jacatra. His last was by the James. The French report that the Admiral is daily expected in the road, and thinks when she unlades that good may be done; but in the Vice Admiral can lay out nothing to any purpose. The Chinese report that two junks will arrive in two or three days, "as their devil telleth them." Remembrances to Mr. Powers. [Onepage. 0 C, Vol. V., No. 604.]

260. Win. Methwold to President Ball at Bantam. On landing their first care was to get oysters, but their longing desires were frustrated, because "in the time of rains the coming down of the fresh kills or makes uneatable those, salt shell animals." Ufflete will advise him of the provisions sent aboard the Attendance. Conspiracy on board, the men refusing to leave the place, but they were Deduced to an unwilling obedience and the ship has sailed. In favour of Soverin, late master's mate of the Unicorn, now of the James, for an advance of wages, he being sick. Desires his commands as to his return or longer stay. Disbursements on account of the Attendance. Requests his "dispensation or excuse" for Buggins, purser of the Unicorn, who came to Jacatra for his health, without the president's leave. [One page and a quarter. 0.0., Vol. V., No. 605.]

261. W. Stonywell to E. Longe at Jacatra. He will receive his money by the bearer, Robt. Carter, purser of the Rose; is sorry he could not do according to Longe's desire. The French ship still in the Flemings' custody, not one ryal's worth of commodities sold as yet, and not so much as a shirt suffered to be delivered out of the ship to shift men ashore. [One page. O.C., Vol. V, No. 607.]

262. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Sir Julius Caesar allowed to adventure 1,500Z. Cause of Best suspended in the Council Chamber, but still in the Company's power to have him called up again if he do not demean himself as is fitting. Accusations against Withington. General order to the commander of the fleet against taking any on the voyage but those entertained for employment. Letter from Sir Thomas Dale, dated from the Low Countries, 15th Jan., stating that the Dutch commanders have orders from the States to engross the pepper at Bantam and Jacatra into their hands, to undersell the English at home, and to weary and punish the English so as to force them to the desired union; advises them to stand upon their defence if the Flemings shall attempt against them. His intention to return to England by the end of 1618.

January. On Lady Dale's application, 501. to be lent her to provide for her husband's return. Thomas Mitford desires to have his goods and satisfaction from Nath. Martyn for things stolen from his cabin; he also pleads for some gratification for his good service; but "he, having deserved so ill, gave no encouragement to think any further of him." Committees to go to Gravesend to hasten the departure of the ships. The ships that go to relieve any ships they meet standing in need of men and provisions. Bargain to be concluded for certain frames, feathers, and pictures. Ships to take two pinnaces with them from Bantam to the Moluccas, to carry goods and run in and out to discover as occasion shall be presented. Lord Zouch having acquainted the Privy Council with a bill set upon the Exchange by a new East India Company, they all wondered that the Lord Mayor had allowed it to be set up so publicly to the discountenancing of this Company, and resolved to let the King know "how ill they all do conceive thereof and to crave reformation." Thomas Spike to be sworn a free brother on his return. Gratuity to Rand the preacher. Samuel Hazard entertained as a factor. [Three pages. Court Bk. IV., 122-125.]

Feb. 4. 263. Sir Thos. Roe's instructions to the chief factors, Thos. Abmedabad. Barker and Edw. Monox, in Persia. To be instant with the Shah to force the Portugal to consent to a free trade; all relief to Ormuz from the main forbidden, cr some port fortified for shipping. To avow Connaught [Connok] to have been a messenger sent from the King, though not with absolute power, as ambassador to treat and conclude; but that if the Shah fulfil the desires of the English, his Majesty will send ample authority further to contract with him. The points to be concluded upon which Connok already began to treat—the quantity of silk to be bartered for and how; privilege for a staple and standing mart at Shiraz, where the English may barter and trade with the Shah's subjects; free passage for all their goods on the conditions granted to Connok; powers to sign such contract. Directions in detail for carrying on the trade; John Leachland, factor, to be employed in buying the silks. Monox appointed second factor, and in the event of Barker's decease to succeed him as Cape merchant. True inventories to be taken of the estates of factors dying in the Company's service, particularly of that of Wm. Tracy, and the goods and moneys or debts of the late Ed. Connok to be seized to the use of his creditors and the Company. [Two pages and three quarters. Endorsed by Sir xhomas Roe, "To be conveyed by the way of Sinde by Mr. Ker[ridge ?], the ship not going." [O.C., Vol. V., Fo. 608.]

Feb. 6. 264. Fras. Cottington to Sec. Lake. It is now resolved that Madrid. Sir Robt. Sherley shall be received, lodged, and entertained as an extraordinary ambassador (from Persia), and a house is preparing for him, but he has not yet arrived at Madrid. [Extract from Correspondence, Spain.']

Feb. 7. 265. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Suit of Thomas, brother to John (journey, factor, that his brother's wages 1618.

may be put into the second joint stock. Henry Elwaies to be admitted a free brother on his return. 50/. lent to Lady Dale by her brother, Sir Wm. Throgmorton, because he would not trouble ti e Company. Request of Jonson and his wife, Sedgwick's daughter, that the 200/. reserved by the Company to the use of Capt. Downton's daughter and child should return to them if both die without issue. Petition preferred against the Muscovy Company at the council table to be read, many of this Court being of that Company. Concerning a debt of 100/. due to the Muscovy Company by the late Mr. Basse, the dispatch of Paul Trigs with the King's letters into France, and the fourth voyage; Freman, not approving of the proceedings, renounces his interest in the voyage. Petition of John Myller for relief for the loss of his right hand, which was shot oft* in the Advice. Disposal of the 36,000/. put up in chests into the several ships. Committees to go to Gravesend for the dispatch of the ships. Gratification to Tucker. The allowance of powder and shot to each ship to be increased. Annuity of 20/. granted to Daniel Wight's father. Samuel Hazard, entertained for a factor. Loan of 100/. to Sir Thomas Dale. [Two •pages and three quarters. Court Book IV., 125-127.]

Feb. 10. 266- John Browne to the East India Compan}'. In reply to Ahmcdabad. their letter of Gth February 1616-7. Concerning their affairs in general; the death of Robt. Gipps, the accountant, before he had prepared his books, left the accounts very confused, and as Browne could not trust on Chr. Farewell's judgment, he has run through them himself in the form they will see. Touching the accounts of those deceased, particularly'of Thos. Aldworthe, Robt. Gipps, who died 23rd May 1016, and Win. Bell, who died 19th June 1617. Reason of the detention of the ships, a fault where means are used to accomplish their dispatch. The office of mint master is in the nature of a monopoly, and the sheriffs are poor and beggarly; dares not trust them further than a pawn; they have not in all his time compassed the buying of a chest of ryals at once. Reply to Capt. Reeling's brutish and untrue advice; wonders if it were not by community to make his own filthiness the less; believes that none but those of Reeling's own fleet have been touched with that disease. The negligence of John Willoughby, a young merchant, prevents him sending the Company copies of their factory letters. In point of private trade, is guiltless of sending one pennyworth of commodities either north or south. Little encouragement to him when he sees Capt. Towerson, Rich. Steele, and others laden with commodities, and last year Martyn, Mitford, and others returned unfit proportions of commodity of more moment. Is persuaded the poor condition of their sei-vants there will keep them clear of this crime. As to the payment of too great a proportion of their servants' wages, a cause of private trade. Concerning " the request or disrespect of goods," those which are unprofitable and those which will seH the bes'". Their treatment by Mocrob Khan and Aseph Khan, who disgraced them in the King's presence; suggestions for preventing similar treatment in future. Account of the tr.idc of the Portuguese. 1618.

Supply of commodities; the sales at Surat cannot be hindered by Ahmedabad, because Ahmedabad is supplied from Cambaya, as Surat is from Deccan, Burrampoor, and those southern and southeastern countries. Two things for consideration, the sale of the Company's commodities, and the prevention of others from serving this place. Disposal of the two ships of Capt. Joseph's fleet. A barrel of window glass received by the last fleet, but the glaziers all gone to Persia. Difficulty of selling the goods after they have been refused by Aseph Khan, who must first see them; hopes he may deserve as well of the English as Sir Thos. Roe opineth. Observations upon the powers given by the Company to the ambassador, Sir Thos. Roe. Arrival of Richard Steele and his engineer; account of his proceedings; anticipated failure of his grand projected waterworks. Brought up last year from Surat the Unicorn's horn, and showed it to Mocrob Khan at the price of 5,000 rupees, "a price too high only for the shape, and five times too mean if it had the virtue he expected; and made trial of by the lives of a pigeon, goat, and man, which they losing, it also lost Mb esteem, and so I returned it aboard from whence I had it." Prices at which the quicksilver was sold. Two bales of sugar candy and two jars of borax sent by the Globe. The expectation of the King's arrival makes all things dear. [Seven pages and a quarter. Indorsed, "Received by the Bull 13th Feb. 1618-9." O.C., Vol. V., No. 609.]

Feb. 14. 267. Sir Thos. Roe to the East India Company. Their letters Ahmedabad. by the Charles arrived safely in Sept. 1616, and answers were dispatched by the Globe the following March. A journal and transcripts of letters will make the Company acquainted with their business in court and factories. "You may in some clauses find me sharp and censuring your advices from home, but you will find my reasons justifiable and my ends honest and upright." The little doubts that arose between Roe and Capt. Keeling soon vanished. Roe found him in all things a reasonable and discreet man. The English, suffering from the insolencies of the Prince, have this year made trial of Gogo, and searched all the bay, but can find no place but Surat fit for the Company's head residence. To waft the Mogul's subjects into the Red Sea will never give the Company's men bread and water. Jealousies of the Moors on the motion of building a fort; the English were disarmed at Surat, and "I am not yet clear of liberties lost upon it." Has wondered at the patiencejwith which the many insolencies of the English have been borne, yet the English complain. Last year 200 naked men were sent ashore from the ships to take Surat, yet ten men would have kept them from passing the Great River; this year they offered to force the custom house. Is against building forts; all their profits may be eaten in garrison; and it is no way to drive their trade by plantation. The Dutch have spoiled the Moluccas, which they fought for, and spent more than they will yield them if quiet in seven years. Scinde they may go to, to lade and relade, but it is inhabited by the Portugal, and lies not well for the Company's stock. Bengala has no ports but such as the Portugals possess for small shipping; it will vent nothing 1618.

English, the people being unwilling in respect of a war they are expecting. Knows not what profit they can make by residence there, " speaks upon searching the bottom of all the secrets of India." The Prince has been his enemy these two years; had Roe yielded lie must have been the Prince's slave; has stood out to the last, and they are now so reconciled that the Prince is now Roe's effectual mediator; his father grows dull and suffers him to govern all his kingdoms. The Company can never expect to trade upon capitulations, but by phinnaund and promise from the King; "all the government depends upon the present will." What became of last year's presents after they were seized by the Prince on the way. The Flemings planted at Surat have obtained a phirmaund upon almost as good terms as the English, though he did his endeavours to cross them. Connok got hold of Roe's letter to the Shah of Persia, and used it as his own; the substance of which was not to make any sudden conclusion with the Portugals, but to offer in general terms the English shipping upon the Persian coast. What Roe has done in reformation of particular wrongs and recovering of debts. There is no place of security up the river of Surat to land goods; they must stick to Swally Road. Great mortality among the landmen this year; fears greater in time to come. A peace with the Portugals the best service Roe could do the Company; made an overture to the Viceroy, which his pride never answered; since then the English have given them a knock or two, and at this instant Roe is in hopes of a treaty; but that the Company may understand the true state of this business, gives a full account of all the passages. Has tried many ways to force the Portugal to a peace; finds the best to be chastizing their neighbours for their sakes. The loss, hazard, and inconvenience the Company sustain by the stay of their fleets; dares promise to provide their lading by October, and so they shall prevent the Portugal, who cannot be fit for an attempt two months after. April and March the seasons to buy. The remainder of the old stock very^great. As to the future lading of the ships. Whatever discontents Roe took were soon digested; the place provides him daily with new to put out the old. Never desired to know any of the Company's secrets in trade but for their good; is satisfied with their opinion of him, and shall, he doubts not, fulfil part of theirs to him; a little experience will confirm both. Banggam's service; every man seeks his own preferment; his factory upon good reasons, has been dissolved, so could not deny his desire to return, though a very good servant and an honest man. As to the Company's doubts of Roe's providence and thrift in regard to his servants. Difficulty of suppressing private trade, which hath gotten such head last year. The master of the Globe then ran riot. Large investments by Mitford. The powers given to Capt. Keeling; the care with which Roe has been entrusted he will use with modesty and take no more upon him than is fit. Kerridge quick, and will do them great service, he could not now be spared; is engaged to assist him in any of the Company's good intents towards him. Browne well contented with his first agreement; he is an honest man, and Roe hopes he will hearken to his advice for contracting

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