autograph of 1654 and the Elizabeth Milton of ten years later, one on the inside of the front cover and the other on the title-page of the New Testament, were both traceries and both made with the same ink.

Moreover, Mr. Bowden claims that all the other autographs in the book are essentially in the same handwriting, although those of different persons, this being particularly noticeable in the letter "M," with which every one of them begins. He promptly submitted the book to Mr. Carvalho, the handwriting expert, who made an exhaustive study of it and agreed that the autographs were not genuine, but the investigation did not halt there.

The book, it appears, has been rebacked' In performing this operation the binder soaks off the old binding, glues together the ragged edges and inserts new "end papers," that is, the sheets which are pasted on the old covers when replaced, and new flyleaves. It is asserted with emphasis by Mr. Bowden that the psper of which these leaves consist is of modern weave, no earlier at most than 1850, yet it is upon one of these that the so-called John Milton autograph of 1654 appears.

Another point upon which both Mr. Bowden and Mr. Carvalho agreed was that the ink used in all the autographs was also of modern manufacture, and it was at first determined to prove this by a chemical test. That measure has been put aside because of the risk of mutilating the Bible itself.

Mr. Bowden's declarations were a surprise both to the members of Dodd, Mead & Co. and to Major Turner, of the Anderson Auction Company, who, however, refused to take back the book as being a forgery or in any way differing from the description in the catalogue from which it was purchased. He offered to take charge of it for Mr. Richmond, however, as custodian of the book, to be held subject to his risk and subject to his order. Mr. Richmond left the book behind, Major Turner having put his conditional acceptance of the book in writing and handing it to Mr. Richmond. A short time thereafter, when Mr. Richmond had reached his office, he telephoned to Major Turner, asking that he put $1000 worth of insurance on the book and hold it. Apart from the question of money involved, all those concerned will prosecute the inquiry to the end, although they have little hope of ever obtaining a clue to the forger, if forgery has been committed.

THE PRESIDENT ON WOOD PULP TARIFF.

The President's Message contains the following reference to the much-discussed tariff on wood pulp:

"There should be no tariff on any forest product grown in this country; and, in especial, there should be no tariff on wood pulp; due notice of the change being of course given to those engaged in the business so as to enable them to adjust themselves to the new conditions. The repeal of the duty on wood pulp should if possible be accompanied by an agreement with Canada that there shall be no export duty on Canadian pulp wood."

FRANCE AND SWEDEN TO OPEN UP BOOK DEPOTS IN AMERICA

The campaign inaugurated by Hugues le Roux to raise the standard of French literature, circulating abroad, especially in America, seems to be taking definite shape.

A score of prominent French publishers have concluded an arrangement for the sale of editions of the best productions of French genius in romance, history, art and drama at strategic points in the United States, and the French Foreign Office has authorized one of the French Vice Consuls, M. Damour, to take a leave of absence and establish the first central station at New Orleans for the sale of the higher class of French literary and scientific books, with a reading-room attachment where also lectures will be given each week.

Furthermore, French drummers will travel thence up the Mississippi Valley and west to San Francisco. These travellers will visit not only the bookstores but the libraries and the universities as well, in an effort to cause the best French literature to reach all classes. In addition the Alliance Francaise members will hereafter be enabled to enjoy the use of a special library with a view to extending the usefulness of both that organization and this new movement.

It is the intention to open other bureaus in London and New York within a short time for the same purpose.

Bjorck & Borjesson, of Stockholm, have made arrangements to open up in New York City a depot of the current books of the various Swedish publishers. The intention of the firm is to make propaganda for a better class of books than is usually obtainable in this country by their Swedish countrymen. 1 hese books will be supplied in better editions and at lower prices than obtain now. Mr. Albert Bjorck, who has already been in this country and knows the conditions he intends t j improve, will be in charge of the American depot during the first year at least.

BOOKBINDERS' UNION SCORES. The application of Thomas Russell & Son, of New York City, for a continuance of the temporary injunction restraining Local Unions Nos. 1 and 22 of the International Brotherhood of Bookbinders from interfering with employees of the corporation, the members of Union No. 1 having gone on strike when it became a non-union shop, was denied on December 1 by Justice Dayton, in the Supreme Court, and the temporary injunction was dissolved.

Justice Dayton said the injunction might be continued against any members of the union found guilty of the acts complained of, but as he held there was not sufficient proof of identification of the offenders in the testimony given before Roger A. Pryor, the referee, it is unlikely such injunction will contimie.

The plaintiffs' shop was made a non-union shop on March 20, 1007, and the members of Union No. 1 struck. The strike, the plaintiffs have alleged, injured their business, and to make it effective the defendant unions were

alleged to have entered into an unlawful conspiracy to intimidate would-be employees and prevent them from going to work or continuing in the firm's employ.

Justice Dayton expresses his disagreement with the findings of the referee that the acts of violence complained of were committed in the interests of and for the benefit of the unions, holding that the proof of identification of the parties who committed acts of violence and intimidation was insufficient, and that the evidence failed to show the existence of a conspiracy on the part of the defendant unions or their officers and members.

THE AFFAIRS OF ROBERT H. MERRIAM.

Concerning the present status of the Robert H. Merriam estate, we understand that there seems to be no chance of any recovery, as the efforts to obtain a lien on Robert ft. Merriam's interest in his father's estate failed because of inability to make service within the State of Minnesota before the bankrutpcy proceedings were commenced, and because upon the appointment of Merriam's trustee in bankruptcy all of his interest passed to the trustee. It is possible that the trustee in bankruptcy in Washington, (D. C.,) may realize something, but even this is doubtful, because under the construction of the Minnesota court the trustees are using up the principal in order to make up deficiencies in the income of the widow, and it is very probable that the principal will be entirely consumed in this way. At any rate, nothing more can be expected from the Minnesota litigation, and the creditors may safely charge their claims to profit and loss.

From Minnesota comes the following information: "Respecting the affairs of Robert H. Merriam, we have to say that, as stated by us in our letter to you of March 7, it is our view that nothing can be secured in the suit here pending of Mr. Appleton, after the holding of ouf court in Merriam v. Wagner, 74 Minn. 215, that Merriam's estate was alienable. It was hoped that we might, by bringing suit to reach and have applied to the payment of Mr. Appleton's judgment, Mr. Robert Merriam's interest in his fathers estate, secure a lien in equity upon his interest in the fund held subject to his mother's life estate. In Mr. Appleton's suit, however, we were unable to get any service upon Robert H. Merriam, who was not within the State of Minnesota, and as soon as we began proceedings to make service of the summons upon the defendant, he filed his petition and was adjudicated a bankrupt. His interest in his father's estate passed, we think, to his trustee in bankruptcy, in view of the holding of our Supreme Court in Watkins v. Bigelow, 93 Minn. 361. In that case it was decided that Robert Merriam's interest in a legacy under the will of Mr. Wilder was a vested interest and, as such, passed to his trustee in bankruptcy. The bankruptcy, therefore, transferred Robert H. Merriam's interest under his father's will to his trustee in bankruptcy, and placed it beyond our reach in the pending suit, unless the mere beginning of the suit without obtaining ser

vice of process on Robert H. Merriam created any lien in favor of the plaintiff, upon the defendant's interest in the funds. We are of the opinion that such a lien had not been acquired at the time of his bankruptcy.

"If we are right in this respect, the only way in which defendant's interest in what may ultimately be left, if there be anything left, of his father's estate, can be reached, would be by a sale of that interest by the trustee in bankruptcy and an acquisition on such sale of said interest on behalf of Mr. Appleton. We are not able to learn what is the present condition of the Merriam estate.

"Under the decision of our Supreme Court rendered in Merriam v. Merriam, 80 Minn. 254, permitting the principal of the estate to be resorted to for the purpose of paying the widow's annuity we must expect that the fi'nd will be largely reduced if it is not entirely extinguished, as the widow is in good health and may live for several years, perhaps twenty years more. She was much younger than her husband.

"At any sale of the defendant's interest in this fund by the trustee in bankruptcy, it should not, in any view of these contingencies, bring a substantial sum, because it is so uncertain what, if any, portion of the estate will be left to be distributed."

AN OLD BOOKSELLER FELONIOUSLY ATTACKED IN HIS STORE.

Edwin Baldwick, seventy-four years old, was beaten with a blackjack in his bookstore at No. 2052 Eighth Avenue, New York City, at 5 o'clock on the afternoon of December 4, by a man who, he says, looked like a minister. Mr. Baldwick was removed to his home, No. 952 Ogdcn Avenue, The Bronx, in a serious condition.

The man who committed the assault, Mr. Baldwick says, said he was in search of a Eible, and when the bookseller mounted a ladder the stranger struck him, knocking him to the floor. Then his assailant leaped over the counter, kicked him and beat him on the head with a blackjack.

The stranger ran to 116th Street, where he boarded a surface care and escaped. There were several cuts on Mr. Baldwick's head, and he is thought to have been internally injured by the kicks.

TO CONSIDER REPORT ON UNIFORM ARRANGEMENTS AS TO ENCLOSURES.

At a special meeting held by the Stationers' Board of Trade on November 7, called at the request of several members for the purpose of discussing the question of "Enclosures," and, if posible, devising some plan of controlling and mitigating this trade abuse, F. P. Seymour and Arthur P. Jackson were appointed a committee to investigate the subject. This committee has gone into the matter carefully and exhaustively, and to hear their report and to act upon it a meeting will be held at the rooms of the Board on Tuesday, the 17th inst, at 1:30 P.m. Every one interested is invited to attend.

AN ENGLISH PUBLISHER ON AMERICAN FICTION.

Grant Richards, the English publisher, who has just been in this country for his annual visit of a fortnight, confided to a Nezv York Herald reporter that "American novels are getting to have quite a vogue in London, though in my opinion they receive a great deal more of popularity than they deserve. When I used' to publish the late Frank Norris's novels over there persons would not read them. Why? Well, I suppose insularity was largely responsible. Now they are beginning to read American books. So far, I might say, the American novel has had in England a success more of esteem than of sale.

"We haven't anybody in England nowadays who is writing what I should call vital novels. The novelists of the present day in England all appear to be sentimentalists. Your novelists are turning out books that deal with live subjects. The 'business novel,' for instance, such as has been written over there, is being widely read in England, and Maud Whitlock's novel, 'The Thirteenth District,' is having a big sale.

"There seems to be no interest in American historical novels, except, perhaps, the works of Winston Churchill. Theodore Dreiser's novel, 'Sister Carrie,' had considerable success from the start in England."

THE ORIGINAL "LAURIE."

Grace Stanley Parsons Davis, of Rye, N. V., in a recent communication to the New York Times, points out that Alfred Whitman, who died in November, in Lawrence, Kan., was not the original of Louisa Alcott's "Laurie." To prove this the Times correspondent quotes from Miss Alcott's "Life, Letters and Journals," where on page 193 Miss Alcott makes this statement in regard to the original Laurie: "Laurie is not an American boy, though every lad I ever knew claims the character. He was a Polish boy, met abroad in 1865." On page 178 she writes she has met "a young Pole with whom we struck up a friendship, Ladislas Wisinewski, (Laurie)." This seems to prove that Mr. Whitman was not the original of Laurie, and it seems right that honor should he given where lienor is due.

BEST-SELLING FICTION IN OCTOBER.

The following, according to The Bookman, is a list of the six most popular novels in order of demand, as sold between October I and November I:

POINTS.

1. The Weavers. Parker. Harper 366

2. The Shuttle. Burnett. Stokes 288

3. The Daughter of Anderson Crow.

McCutcheon. Vodd, Mead & Co.. 177

4. The Younger Set. Chambers. Apple

ton 155

5. Satan Sanderson. Rives. Bobbs-Mer

rill 128

6. The Lady of the Decoration. Little.

Century Co 103

TRADE ASSOCIATIONS.

SI ATIONERS' ASSOCIATION Of NEW YORK.

Preparations for the dinner of the Stationers' Association of New York, to be given at the Hotel Astor on January 9, are well under way. Chairman Hanan, of the Entertainment Committee, reports that already he has had assurance of the co-operation of enough good speakers to make the occasion one of more than ordinary interest.

ALUINE ASSOCIATION VINES ITS PRESIDENTS.

Many men prominent in the literary world attended a dinner given on the evening of December 10 by the Aldine Association at in Fifth Avenue, at Eighteenth Street, New York City, in honor of former presidents of the club. Hamilton W. Mabie was toastmaster, and among the speakers were Richard Watson Gilder, Charles Battell Loomis, George W. Cable, Dr. Lyman Abbott, Frank H. Scott, William H. McElroy, F. Hopkinson Smith and Homer Davenport. Most of the addresses were humorous and informal, and referred to club affairs.

OBITUARY NOTES.

The death, on December 7. is announced of Arthur Maury, the famous stamp collector, known as "The Stamp King." He was the proprietor and editor of The Stamh Collector, a weekly paper, and had published a number of works on stamps and stamp collecting.

Charles Johnson, an eccentric old printer, and, in a small way, a publisher, was found dead on December 4 in a dingy room back of his printing establishment at 113 Warren Street, New York. He was burned to death in a fire that broke out in his rooms. Almost nothing was known of him, except that he was of Quaker descent and was eighty-three years old. He is reputed to have hoarded immense wealth.

Frank Wayland Palmer, former Public Printer at Washington, died in Chicago on December 3, aged eighty. Mr. Palmer was born in Manchester, Md., on October II, 1827, and learned the printing business in Jamestown, N. Y. He was appointed Public Printer by President Harrison in 1889 and served on until September 8, 1905, when President Roosevelt summarily dismissed him, because he attempted to force two of his foremen out of office because they had given evidence displeasing to him before the Keep Investigating Commission, of which, at the time, we gave a full account.

General Alexander Hamilton, oldest grandson of Alexander Hamilton, the distinguished Federalist who was Washington's aide-de-camp, died December 10, at his home in Tarrytown, N. Y., aged ninety-two. General Hamilton was born November 15, 1815, in New York City. In the course of Genera! Hamilton's remarkable career he became a second lieutenant in the nth N. Y. Regiment. When the war between the States broke out he became aide-de-camp to Maior-General Sandford, and took part in active campaigns in Virginia. General Hamilton was a prolific writer and contributed papers and poems to various journals. He published in 1865 a life of Oliver Cromwell.

Mary Acnes Tincker, author of a number of novels and books for young people, died on December 4 at Dorchester, Mass. Miss Tincker was born in Ellsworth, Me., July 18, 1835. At the age of thirteen she began teaching in public school, and later at a parochial Catholic school. At the age of fifteen she gave up teaching and devoted herself to writing. During the war between the States she volunteered as a nurse and was in service in Washington, D. C. In the seventies Miss Tincker went abroad, where she lived for nearly fifteen years, chiefly in Rome. Some of her bestknown works are: "The House of York," "A Winged Word," "Grapes and Thorns," "Six Sunny Months," "Signor Monaldini's Niece," "By the Tiber," "San Salvador" and "Autumn Leaves."

Edward Manning Ruttenber, a wellknown editor and historian, died in Newburgh, N. Y., December 5. Mr. Ruttenber was bprn in Bennington, Vt., July 17, 1825, and became early connected with newspaper work in Vermont and New York. From 1863 to 1865 he was connected with the Bureau of Military Records in Washington and then became superintendent of division in the Government Printing Office. Among his published works are "History of Orange County, N. Y.," "History of Regimental Flags," "History of Obstruction to Navigation of the Hudson River, 1776," and "History of the Indian Tribes of the Hudson River." His last work was an exhaustive study of Indian geographical names of Eastern New York, on which he was considered an authority.

Alfred Michael Downes, secretary of the New York Fire Department, died in New York City on December 10. Mr. Downes was born in New Haven on August 22, 1862. He was graduated from the Law School of Yale University in 1882 and was admitted to the bar. Removing to Buffalo, he engaged in newspaper work, and on coming to New York City in 1888 he became a reporter on The New York Times. He was secretary to Mayor Robert A. Van Wyck from 1898 to 1901, and for the following two years was on the editorial staff of The New York Daily News. In 1904 he was appointed secretary of the Fire Department by Commissioner Hayes, and continued to serve in that office under Commissioners O'Brien and Lantry. A volume entitled "Fire Fighters and Their Pets," written by Mr. Downes, was recently published, and he had received the first copy a few d3ys ago.

NOTES ON AUTHORS.

Samuel L. Clemens, on November 30, celebrated his seventy-second birthday at his home, 21 Fifth Avenue, New York City. There were no festivities, but many friends called at the house to congratulate Mark Twain and hundreds of congratulatory letters and telegrams from points all over the earth were received during the day.

Dr. Edwin Spitzka, the famous alienist, has just finished a book entitled "A Study of the

1

Brains of Six Eminent Scientists and Scholars belonging to the American Anthropometric Societv, together with a Description of the Skull of" Professor E. D. Cope." The brains to which Dr. Spitzka has devoted close and illuminating sttudy are those of Drs. Joseph Leidy, Philip Leidy, William Pepper, Andrew J. Parker, Harrison Allen and Professor E. D. Cope, all of Philadelphia.

JOURNALISTIC NOTES.

The Galaxy, a magazine which suspended publication on the evening of December 10 thirty years ago, was celebrated in a dinner given at the Union League Club by William Conant Church to the surviving contributors. Some of the speakers were E. C. Stedman, W. D. Howells, W. C. Eggleston, F. E. Leupp, Horace Porter and Brander Matthews. Others present were John Burroughs, C. L. Norton and Henry Abbey. The magazine was edited by Frank P. and William C. Church and was published by Sheldon & Co. The foreman of the printing office in which The Galaxy was printed for the greater part of its existence survives in the person of the managing editor of The Publishers' Weekly.

OLD BOOK NOTES.

The sale of the library of the late Premier Crispi, which took place in Rome last week, was an entire disappointment. In all 3769 volumes were disposed of, but these were mostly legal and diplomatic works. The family retained the more valuable and interesting books, so that the prices ruled very low— eighteen lire for a brochure on the Sicilian revolution being the largest figure of the sale.

Sotheby's will sell at auction on December 21 Lord Howe's remarkable collection of early quartos and the four folio editions of Shakespeare's works. It includes twenty-eight quartos, or, with the "doubtful plays," thirtyfive. They are nearly all in excellent condition. The greatest rarities are the "Hamlet" of 1604—one of three copies known, the other two being in the Devonshire and the Huth collections—and the "Richard in." of 1597, the first edition, of which, it seems, only two perfect examples are known. The fine copy of the First Folio, (Sidney Lee's "Census," No. Xxh.,) has been in Lord Howe's family since about 1750.

William J. Mckieknan, of Newark, N. J., owns an interesting literary relic, namely, the prompt book of the drama "The Mormons," by the late Dr. Thomas Dunn English, with comment, emendations and corrections in the handwriting of the author of "Ben Bolt." The play was produced at Burton's Theatre in New York City in 1858. In the cast were Mr. Burton, Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Davenport, Mark Smith, and many other afterwards noted players. It was a success, as successes went in those days, being presented for twenty performances or more. "The Mormons" is an interesting relic of a literary battle, one of the many that Dr. English engaged in after his first memorable contest with Edgar Allan Poe in 1847 on the question of plagiarism.

POST-CARD NOTES.

The American Photograph Co., 154 Nassau Street, New York, has gotten out a postcard of the S. S. Lusitania.

The Tower Manufacturing And Novelty Company is showing two new post-cards with photographic reproductions of scenes and life in Dixie.

The Raphaei. Tuck & Sons Co. has brought out two new series of post-cards illustrating the popular game of Diabolo. The series represent cats playing the game.

W. G. Macfarlane, 704 Broadway, New York, has published a set of post-cards entitled Boy and Girl Floral Cards. Each card contains the name of a boy or a girl handsomely printed on floral cards.

Reinthal & Newman. 106 West Twentyninth Street, have just brought out an attractive series of "Boileau Girl" post-cards, reproduced, in five or six colors, after original designs by the famous artist, Philip Boileau.

BUSINESS NOTES. Buffalo, N. Y.—The Frontier Press Company has been incorporated to manufacture books, stationery, etc., by M. J. Kinsella and A. S. Kinsella, of Buffalo, and VV. J. Kinsella, of Tonawanda.

St. Paul, Minn.—Schuneman & Evans, wholesale and retail dealers in general merchandise at Sixth and Wabasha Streets, have discontinued their book department.

Springfield, Mass.—The Phelps Publishing Company has elected as its secretary J. Frank Drake, formerly secretary of the Springfield Board of Trade. It has also elected the following directors: Herbert Myrick, A. Willard Damon, Frederick Harris, James M. Cunningham, Albert W. Fulton and William A. Whitney.

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTES. The semi-annual meeting of the Bibliographical Society of America will be held in Chicago, December 30 and 31. The subject of the first session will be the present problems of the bibliography of science. The discussion will be opened by Dr. Cyrus Adler, assistant secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. The second session will be devoted to an illustrated lecture on "Printing as a Fine Art," by William Dana Orcutt, of the University Press, Cambridge.

William Jaggard, (Shakespeare Press xin., Moorfields,) Liverpool, Eng., announces the approaching completion of his bibliography of William Shakespeare, including every known issue of his plays, poems and collected works, together with all Shakespeariana in the English language, whether manuscript or printed, so far as it has been accessible. The work will contain upwards of 15.000 entries and references, with collations, full notes and a key to hundreds of Shakespearian anonyms and pseudonyms. Mr. Jaggard has just brought out a work on "Shakespeare and the Sipernatural," a brief study of folk-lore, su

perstition and witchcraft in "Macbeth," "Midsummer Night's Dream" and "The Tempest," by Margaret Lucy, with a bibliography on the subject by William Jaggard, who descends from the family which produced the famous Elizabethan publishers, the chief of whom issued in 1599 one of Shakespeare's earliest works, "The Passionate Pilgrim," and, in 1623, the first edition of his collected works, the precious Jaggard folio.

Catalogues Of New And Second-hand Books.

B. H. Blackwell, 50 and 51 Broad St., Oxford, Second-hand books, miscellaneous. (No. 126, 12 p. 160;) Newly published books, English and foreign, issued during October. (November, 24 p. 120.)

Brooklyn Public Library. The Child's Own Library: Guide to parents. Books for children under eight years, compiled by Clara Whitehall Hunt, superintendent of children's department. (16 p. 24°.)

A. Deutschberger, 105 Fourth Ave., New York City. Interesting classified collection of miscellaneous new and old German literature. (78 p. 12°, 1534 titles.)

Bertram Dobell, 77 and 54 Charing Cross Road, London, W. C, Rare books, including works by Bacon, Browning, Coleridge, Keats, Lamb, Milton, Shakespeare, Shelley, Wordsworth, etc. (No. 158, 405 titles, 160.)

Charles E. Goodspeed, 5a Park St., Boston, Mass., Rare books for the holidays. (No. 56, December, 801 titles, 8°.)

Otto Harrassowits, 14 Queerstr., Leipzig. Hebraica u. Judaica, das Alte Testament, Talmud, Geschichte der Juden. (No. 308, 1411 titles.)

Karl W. Hiersemann, 3 Konigs St., Leipzig, Books, mani'scripts. etc.. on Central and South America, West Indies, Philippines, Spain and Portugal. (No. 346. 1532 titles.) Its annotations render this an almost invaluable catalogue for reference purposes.

Charles Higham & Son, 27a Farrington St., London, Books, chiefly second-hand, dealing with the history, philosophy, science and comparison of religion: treatises upon primitive religious cults and mythology: works expounding psychology, logic, mental science generally; expositions of "higher criticism," rationalism and free-thought with resultant controversy. (No. 464, 1731 titles, 8°.)

B. W. Hucbsch, 150 Nassau St., New York, Catalogue describing the books brought out to date by B. W. Huebsch. (12 p. 24";) also, Huebsch's Year Book, annual and perpetual, in thirty-six styles. (16 p. 32°.)

Leary's Book Store, Ninth St., below Market, Philadelphia, Bargains in books, the majority suitable for gifts. Miscellaneous. (80 P. 120.)

Joseph McDonough Co.. 39 and 41 Columbia St., Albany, N. Y., Recent importations and recent purchases in general literature and scarce Americana, including library sets, etc (December, No. 235 , 229 titles, 8°.)

Maggs Brothers, 109 Strand, London, Autograph letters, signed documents and manuscripts by celebrated personages in every calling of life, examples of manuscripts of the correspondence between the adherents of

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