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General Onslow represented Guildford in parliament from 17*27 until his decease in 1760. His second son,
I. Richard Onslow, esq. having adopted the naval profession, was created a baronet 30th October, 1797, in consideration of his gallant participation, as third in command, in the victory obtained by Lord Duncan, off Caiuperdown, in Up- same month and year. Sir Kichard attained subsequently, the rank, of admiral of the red, and lieutenant-general of marines. He in. Anne, daughter of Matthew Mitchell, esq. of Chiltera, in tiie county of Wilts (a commodore in the royal navy), by whom he left issue,
1. Matthew-Richard, m.30thNovember, 1805, Miss Sarah Seton,by whom he left, at his decease in 1808, an only daughter,
Anne-Charlotte, tn. R. J. Marsh am, esq.
2. Henry, present baronet. 3. John.
0. Frances, widow of Admiral Sir Hyde
7. Elizabeth, in. to Robert Lewis, esq.
8. Harriet, m. to Captain J. N. Creighton, of
Sir Richard d. '27th December, 1817.
Arms— Quarterly: first and fourth, ar. a fesse gu. between six Cornish choughs ppr. second and third, ar. on a bend az. three martlets or, with a double crescent for difference.
Crest—An eagle pa. preying upon a partridge or.
ORDE, SIR JOHN-POWLETT, baronet, of Morpeth, in the county of Northumberland; b. 9th June, 1803, s. to the title as second baronet, at the decease of his father, 9th February, 1824; m. loth June, 1826, Eliza, daughter of the late Peter Campbell, esq. of Kiknorey, in the county of Argyll, by whom (who d. in 1829) he has a Son, b. in 1827, and two daughters.
1. John Ordk, esq. (son of John Orde, esq. of Morpeth, a magistrate of the county of Northumberland, by hia second wife, Anne, relict of
the Rev. William Pye Clerk, and brotheT of Thomas, first Lord Bolton), having attained the rank of post-captain in the navy, and being nominated governor of Dominica, in 1783, wan created a baronet '27th July, 1700. He m. first, in 1780, Margaret, daughter and co-heiress of Richard Stephens, esq. of St. Helena, South Carolina, by whom he had no surviving issue: and secondly, Jane, eldest daughter of John Frere, esq, of Roy don, in the county of Norfolk, by whom he had,
John-powlett, present baronet.
Sir John, who was admiral of the red, d. 19th
Creation—'27th July, 1700.
Anns—Sa. three salmons haurient, in fesse ar. Crest—A demi-lion or, holding a fleur-de-lis or.
ORFORD, EARL OF, (Horatio Walpole,) in the county of Suffolk; Raron Walpole, of Walpole, and Huron Wnlpole, of Wolterton, in the county of Norfolk ; b. 14th June, 1783; m. 23rd July, 1812, Mary-, eldest daughter of the late William-Augustus Fawkener, esq. by whom he has issue,
Horatio-william, Lord Walpole, b. 18th
His lordship s. to the honors of Ins family, as sixth earl, at the demise of his father, 15th June, 1822. Lord Orford is highsteward of the borough of Lynn, and colonel of the West Norfolk militia.
This noble family is said to have been established in England antecedent to the Conquest, and to have possessed considerable estates at Walpole, in the county of Norfolk, whence the surname has been derived.
Sin John Dk Walpol, living temp. Henry III. left three sons,
Hewry, his successor.
Ralph, in holy orders, elected bishop of Norwich, in 1288, and translated to the see of Ely, by the Pope, in 1299, upou a dispute arising between the monks of Ely, regarding a successor to that bishopric, at : of William de Luda.
Sir John was s. by his eldest son,
Sir Hetsry De Walpol, in the manors of Walpol and Houton, (as it was anciently written); which Sir Henry was amongst those of greatest note, in the counties of Norfolk and Saflblk, who were summoned, in the 25th Edward I. to be at London, on the Sunday after the Octaves of St. John the Baptist, apparelled with horse and arms, according to their degree, to paas with the king beyond seas, " for their own honor, and the safety of th ir king and kingdom," as the words of the writ import. This expedition was for the relief of Guy, Earl of Flanders, at that time oppressed by the French king, who had taken several towns from him. Prom this Sir Henry descended
Edward Walpolk, esq. of Houghton, who m. Lmey, daughter of Sir Terry Robsart, and heiress of her grandfather, Sir John Robsart, K.B. and K.G. (in consequence of the decease of her brother, Sir John Robsart, and his daughter, Amie Robftart, wife of Sir Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester}. The great-great grandson of this marriage.
Sir Epwarii Walpolk, K.B. a distinguished and eloquent member of the parliament which restored King Charles II. m. in 1049, Susan, daughter of Sir Robert Crane, bart. of Chilton, in the county of Suffolk, and was s. by his eldest son,
Robert Walpolk, esq. who was returned to parliament for Castle Rising, in the county of York, in the first year of William and Mary, and AO continued until his decease, in 1700. He w. Mary, only daughter and heiress of Sir Jeffcry Burwell, knt. of Rougham, in the county of Suffolk, by whom he left, with several daughters, three sons,
Robert, his successor, the celebrated prime minister.
Horatio, ft. in 107S; a diplomatist of the first
l. Horatio, second baron, of whom
Thomas, of Sta^bury Park, Surrey,
formerly envoy to the court of Munich, m. in 1803, Margaret, daughter of John, second Earl of Egiuont, and has issue,
1. Thomas, in 1805.
3. Robert, an officer in the army.
4. John. 5. Charles.
Lambert, lieutenant -co] on (J in the
1. Franct s-Margaretta.
2. Charlotte-Louisa. Catherine, d. unmarried.
in. Richard a banker of London, M.P.
Richard, m. 23rd January, 1702,
Mary-Rachael, m. to Key. Ashton
Vade, and left issue. Caroline, m. to Hon. and Rev. George-Henry Neville, iv. Robert, envoy-extraordinary, and minister-plenipotentiary to the court of Portugal, m. first, in 1780, Diana, daughter of Walter Grosett, esq. by whom he has issue,
Robert, in holy orders, m. 6th Feb. 1811, Caroline-Frances, youngest daughter of John Hyde, esq. and has issue,
1. Reginald-Robert, ft. in 1817.
2. Robert-Seym our.
3. Emily-Jane. 4. A daughter. George, rf. in 1807.
Mr. Walpole espoused secondly, in 1785, Sophia, eldest daughter of Richard Sturt, esq. and left issue,
Richard, ft. iu 1786.
Edward, m. in 1815, Ann-Theresa,
daughter of Daniel Gililermcester,
esq. and has issue. Francis, m. in 1828, Elisabeth,
daughter of T. A. Knight, esq.
and had issue.
Galfridus, an officer in the royal navy.
Sir Robert Walpole, subsequently so celebrated as the prime minister of King George 1. aud George II. (see Burke's Extinct and Dormant Peerage). Sir Robert was first honored with the order of the Batb, and, while yet a commoner, installed a knight of the Garter. He was elevated to the peerage, Oth February, 1742, by the titles of Baron of Houghton, Viscount Walpote, and Karl Of Or For V. His lordship m. first, in 1700, Catherine, daughter of Sir John Shorter, lord mayor of l>ondon, by whom he had issue, turned forwards gu. tasselled or, charged with a Catherine-wheel of the last.
Robert, his successor.
Edward* (Sir), chief-secretary of Ireland, d. unmarried.
Horace, who s. as fourth Earl.
Katherine, d. unmarried.
Mary, m. to George, Earl of Cholmondeley. The earl m. secondly, Maria, daughter and coheiress of Thomas Skerret, esq. and dying in 1745, was s. by his eldest son,
Robert, second Earl of Orford, who had been created 10th June, 17*23, Baron Walpole, of Walpole, in the county of Xorfolk, with remainder, in default of the issue male of himself and his father, to the male descendants of his grandfather. His lordship, who was a knight of the Hath, and held several high and lucrative official employments, m. in 1724, Margaret, daughter and sole heiress of Samuel Rolle, esq. of Hayuton, in the county of Devon, and dying 1st April, 1751, was S. by his eldest son,
George, third earl, a lord of the bedchamber, and ranger of St . James's and Hyde Parks; at whose decease, unmarried, 5th December, 1791, the honors reverted to his uncle,
Horace, fourth earl, h. in 1717, for whom his father, (the minister, Walpole), procured the places of usher of the receipt of the exchequer, comptroller of the great roll, and keeper of the foreign receipts. His lordship had a seat io the house of commons for several years ; but he was more distinguished in the literary than the political circle. Soon after his return from his travels, he purchased a villa at Twickenham, which he transformed into a Gothic mansion, and there (the celebrated " Strawberry Hill,*')
* Sir Edward Walpole, left three illegitimate daughters, viz.
1. Laura, m. to the Hon. and Rev. Frederick
MariH, m. first to James, second Earl of
Elizabeth - Laura, in. to hrr cousin
George, fourth Earl of Waldcgrare. Charlotte-Maria. Anne-Horatio. The Countess espoused secondly, H. R. H. William Henry, Duke of Gloucester, and was mother of thtir Itoj/al Highnesses William-frederick, present Duke of Gloucester, and Princess Sophia-matilda, of Gloucester. 3. Charlotte, m. to Lionel, fourth Earl of Dysart.
he continued ever afterwards chiefly to reside. Here he established a private press, at which he not only printed his own works, but many other curious pieces. From this press first issued, "The Catalogue of Royal and Noble Authors,'* 1758, 2 vols. 12mo. "Anecdotes of Painting," 1762; « Historic Douhts," 1708; •* Mysterious Mother," 1768; " Miscellaneous Antiquities," 1772, 4to. His lordshiprf. unmarried,2nd March, 1707, when all the honors of the family expired, except the barony of Walpole, of Walpole, in the county of Norfolk, which devolved, according to the limitation, upon his first cousin,
Horatio, second Lord Walpole, of Wolterton, (revert to second son of Robert Walpole, esq. M.P. for Castle Rising, father of Sir Robert Walpole, the minister), who was created Earl, Of Orford, 1st April, 1806. His lordship /«. 12th May, 1748, Rachael, third daughter of William, third Duke of Devonshire, and was s. at his decease, 24th February, 1809, by his eldest son,
Horatio, second earl, b. 24th June, 1752; m. first,27th July, 1781, Sophia, daughter of Charles Churchill, esq. and grandaughter (maternally) of Sir Robert Walpole, K.G. first Earl of Orford, by whom (who d. in 1797) be had issue, Horatio, present earl.
John, M.P. a lieutenant-colonel in the army,
b. 17th November, 1787. Charlotte.
Maria, m. in 1817, to Martin-John West, esq.
Harriet, m. in 1817, to Sir William Hoste,
Georgiana-Mary,m, 1827,to the Rev. Joseph
Catherine, m. in 1822, to Heury-Lawes Long,
His lordship tn. secondly, 2Sth July, 1806, Mrs. Chamberlayne, widow of the Rev. Edward Chamberlayne, who d. in 1807. The Earl d. 15th June, 1822.
CreatUms—Baron Walpole, of Walpole, 10th June, 1723. Baron Walpole, of Wolterton, Uh June, 1756. Earl, 1st April, 1806.
Supporters—Dexter, an antelope; Sinister, a stag, ar. attired ppr. each gorged with a collar, chequy, or and az. chained or.
Motto—Fari qua; sentiaa.
Seat—Wolterton Park, Aylsham, Norfolk.
ORIEL, BARON, of Ferrard, in the county of Louth, in the peerage of the United Kingdom; created 17th July, 1821.
See Viscount Ferrard.
ORKNEY, EARL OF, (Thomas-JohnHamilton Fitzmaurice,) Viscount Kirkwall, and Baron Dechmont, in the peerage of Scotland; b. 8th August, 1803; m. 14th March, 1826, Charlotte-Isabella, second daughter of George, Lord Boston, and has issue,
Georce-william-hamilton, Viscount Kirk
wall, b. 6th May, 1827.
The earl to tlie honors of his family, upon the demise of his grandmother, 30th December, 1831.
The Earldom Of Orkney, was claimed by
Henry Sinclair, eldest son of Sir William Sinclair, of Roslyn, and Isabel, his wife, daughter and co-heir of Malise, Earl of Strathem, Caithness, and Orkney, and his claim was admitted by Hakon, sixth King of Norway, in 1379, but his investiture was burdened with severe conditions. He was considered as being appointed governor and Earl of Orkney, by an absolute grace of the King; was bound to serve him with one hundred men completely armed, when required; to defend Orkney against any invasion with the whole power of his house, &c. &c. From this period the earldom remained in the family of Sinclair, until king J a me* III. having acquired the Islands of Orkney in marriage with Margaret of Denmark, in 1469, William Sinclair, third Earl of Orkney, resigned the Earldom, in 1470, into his majesty's hands, and it was annexed to the crown by act of parliament the ensuing year. The late earl being stiled instead, Earl of Caithness and Lord Sinclair. The Orkneys thenceforward conferred no dignity until the year 15C7, when
James Hepburn, fourth Earl of Bothwell, was created Duke of Orkney, 19th May, in that year, three days after his marriage with Mary, Queen of Scots, but he forfeited all his honors in the December following.
Robert Stewart, natural son of King Jamrs V., abbot of Holy rood-house, but who conformed to the protestant religion in 1559, had a grant of the crown lands of Orkney and Zetland in 1505, and was created Earl Of Orkney, in 1581. He m. Lady Jane Kennedy, eldest daughter of Gil
bert, third Earl of Cassilis, and was i. by his eldest surviving son,
Patrick Stewart, second earl, who was condemned for high treason, and beheaded at the market cross of Edinburgh, 0th February, 1614. He d. s.p. aud his estates and honors were forfeited to the crown.
So much for the extinct Lords Orkney; we now proceed with the extant.
Lord Gkokoe Hamilton, fifth son of Lord William Douglas, (created Duke of Hamilton for life,) by Anne, Duchess of Hamilton, was elevated to the peerage of Scotland, 3rd January, 1690, by the titles of Baron Dechmont, Viscount Kirkwall, and Earl Op Orkney, to him and the heirs male of his body, which failing, to the heirs whatsoever of his body. His lordship m. 95th November, 1095, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir Edward YilHers, knight-marischal of England, and siBter of Edward, first Earl of Jersey, by whom he left at his demise, in 1737, three daughters. The eldest, Anne, according to the limitation of the patent, succeeded to the family honors. The second, Frances, married the Earl of Scarborough ; and the youngest, Harriet, married John, Earl of Cork and Ossory. The Earl of Orkney was a celebrated military commander, and distinguished himself in the wars between James and William, in Ireland; and, subsequently, participated in the brilliant triumphs of the reign of <Jueen Anne. His lordship, who was one of the representative peers of Scotland, d. 99th January, 1737, and was s. by his eldest daughter,
Anne, as Countess of Orkney. Her ladyship m. 28th March, 17i0, William O'Bryen, fourth Earl of Inchiquin, in Ireland, (see Marquess of Thomond,) by whom she had four sons, all of whom predeceased herself, and four daughters. The countess d. in 1750, and was s. by her eldest daughter,
Mary, as second Countess of Orkney, who m. in 1753, her first cousin, Murrough, first Marquess of Thomond, by whom she left at her decease, in 1790, an only daughter, her successor, Mary 0'bryen, third Countess of Orkney, who m. 91st December, 1771, the Honorable Thomas Fitz-Maurice, of Llewenny Hall, in the county of Denbigh, second son of John, Earl of Shelbunie, brother of William, first Marquess of Lansdowne, and uncle of the present Marquess, by whom (who d. in 1793) she had an only son, Johu, Viscount Kirkwall, 6. 9th October, 1778, m. 11th August, 1809, Anna Maria, eldest daughter of John, first Lord De Blaquiere, and rf. 93rd November, 1890, leaving two sous, Thomas-john-hamilton, present earl. William-Edward, captain 9nd life-guards, b. 91st March, 1805. The countess d. 30th December, 1831. Creation—3rd January, 1096. Arms- Quarterly: first, az. a ship at anchor, oars crossed, in saltier, within a double tressure, flory, counter-flory, or, for Orkney ; second, gu. | three lions, paasant.guardant.barways, per pale,
Supporters—Dexter, an antelope ar. armed, ducally gorged, chained, and unguled, or; SiNister, a stag ppr. attired, unguled, plain collared, and chained, or.
Seat— Taplow Court, Bucks.
Note— The Orkneys, and the Island of Zetland, which were formerly attached to the earldom of Orkney, when that dignity was home by members of the royal house of Stuart in the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries, are now severed from it, having been granted, in 1737, to the Earl of Morton, who disposed of his interest therein to Sir Lawrence Dundas; whose grandson, Lord Dundas.now possesses them.
ORMONDE, MARQUESS OF, (James Butler,) Earl of Ormonde and Ossory; Viscount Thurles, of Thurles, in the county of Tipperary; and Baron Arklow, of Axlclow, in the peerage of Ireland; Baron Ormonde, of Llanthonv, in the county of Monmouth, in the peerage of the United Kingdom; b. 15th July, 1774; in. 27th October, 1807, Grace-Louisa, daughter of the Right Honorable John Staples, of the county of Tyrone, and the Honorable Harriet Molesworth, (daughter of Richard, third Viscount Molesworth,) by whom he has issue,
John Bi'tlkr, Earl of Ossory, M.P. b. 24th
(The surname of all, but the eldest son, is
His lordship s. to the earldom of Ormonde and Ossory, and the inferior Irish dignities, at the demise of his brother, 10th August, 1820; and was created a baron of the United Kingdom, 17th July, 1821, and a marquess of Ireland, 5th October, 1825. The Marquess of Ormonde is hereditary chief Butler of Ireland, a knight of St. Patrick, lordlieutenant and custus-rotulorum of the county of Kilkenny, and colonel of the Kilkenny militia.
The antiquity of this family is indisputable; but whence it immediately derives its origin is not so clearly established. Its surname, however, admits of no doubt as springing from the chief butlerage of 1 reland,* conferred by Henry 11. upon
Theobald Walter, in 1177, who had accompanied him into that kingdom in 1171. This Theobald was eldest son of Herveius Walter, (one of the companions of the Conqueror,) by Maud de Valois, and brotht-r of Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury in 111*3, (translated from the see of Salisbury, while a prisoner in the Holy Land,) and, subsequently, chancellor,chiefjustice, and treasurer of England. Theobald Walter, having returned into England, afterwards accompanied Prince John into Ireland, anno 11S5. He was possessed of the baronies of Vpper Ormond, Lower Ormond, and numerous other territories; and dying in 1900, was s. by his only son, (by his wife Maud, daughter and heiress of Robert Vavasour, a great Baron of Yorkshire,)
Theobald, who first assumed the surname of Le Botiler,or Butler, in 1221, and was appointed lord-justice of Ireland in 1247. He m. Joan, eldest sister and co-heiress of John de Marisoo, a considerable baron in Ireland, to whose estates in that kingdom, and in England, his posterity succeeded; and dying in 1218, was s. by hU eldest son,
THEOBALD, who m. Margery, eldest daughter of Richard de Burgo, (ancestor of the Lords Clanricarde,) by whom he acquired considerable
■ For a very interesting account of the hereditary office of " Chief Bi Tlkb," and of the Ormonde Family, see " A view of the Legal Institutions, &c.4cc. of Ireland, by William Lynch, esq. F.S.A.;" decidedly the ablest work, as yet published, upon the feudal dignities of that kingdom. Prince John confirmed the grunt of Butlerage upon the win* s imported into Ireland to Theobald Walter, and when confirming and enlarging the incorporation charters of Ireland, he reserved, according to Mr. Lynch, a privilege, "That out of each tdiipthut thither should happen to come, his officer (meaning Lord Theobald, who is styled " Fincerna" in those charters) might choose two hogsheads of wine for his use, for forty shillings, that is to say, for twenty shillings each hogshead, and nothing more, unless at the pleasure of the merchant."