EDITORIAL.

To our Subscribers:

When the business department of the Journal passed fully into the hands of the undersigned, at the commencement of the present volume, he promised to make its publication regular on the first of every month, and, provided the subscribers would pay up promptly, to improve its whole mechanical and typographical appearance. The first of these promises he has fathfully redeemed, the Journal having been published and mailed regularly during the first few days of each month; and with the present number he commences a very marked improvement in other respects.— The subscribers, however, have hardly done their part. For though more than half of the present volume is now published, yet not one-third of those whose names stand on our subscription book have paid for the present year; and there are two or three hundred who have not been credited a single dime during the last three years. Such a condition of things ought never to exist. It is unjust to all parties concerned, and is generally the result of simple individual carelessness and procrastination. Two dollars a year is a very small sum, and, of itself, not worth the trouble of collection; but two dollars due from each of 1000 or 1100 subscribers, constitutes a sum of very great importance to the publisher of a Journal who is paying the money every month for paper, printing, binding, &c, &c. It is hoped that this simple statement will be sufficient to cause every subscriber who has not paid already, to send along the money immediately.

Bills will be sent to some of those indebted to us, in the present number of the Journal, and to the remaining ones in our next issue. If any receive bills that they consider incorrect, they will confer a favor by informing the undersigned without delay, and all errors will be promptly corrected. It will be remembered that those who are in arrears for past volumes, are liable for $3.00 per annum.

All letters should be directed to N. S. DAVIS, Chicago, 111.

Illinois State Medical Society.

This Society held its regular annual meeting on the first Tuesday and Wednesday of June, at Bloomington. About forty members were present, the greater part of whom were from the northern and middle sections of the State. At 10 o'clock A.M., on Tuesday, the society was called to order by Dr. C. N. Andrews, the President; and Dr. A. H. Luce, chairman of the Committee of Arrangements, reported the names of those delegates who had presented their credentials. After the usual preliminary business, the following officers were elected for the ensuing year, viz.:

President:

DR. N. S. DAVIS, of Chicago.

Vice-presidents:

Drs. P. A. McNEIL, of Mount Morris, and H. NOBLE, of Leroy.

Secretaries:

Drs. A. H. LUCE, of Bloomington, and E. ANDREW, of Peoria.

Treasurer:

Dr. J. V. Z. BLANEY, of Chicago.

During the continuance of the annual session, reports were made by the Treasurer and Committee on Publication; by Dr. J. W. Freer, of Chicago, chairman of the Standing Committee on Surgery; by Dr. E. Roe, of Bloomington, chairman of the committee on Practical Medicine; and by Dr. H. A. Johnson, of Chicago, chairman of the Committee on Drugs and Medicines.

The report of Dr. Roe was chiefly occupied with the consideration of Typhoid Fever, and the efficacy of certain remedies in its treatment.

The reporter advocated the doctrine, that a very moderate alterative influence (or "slight salivation") from mercury was decidedly beneficial in the early stage of this variety of fever, and in many instances capable of arresting its progress. This part of the report led to a very interesting discussion, which was participated in by Dr. Roe; Drs Andrews and Clark, of Rockford; Dr Prince, of Jacksonville; Dr. Rogers, of Peoria Co.; Drs. Bailey and McArthur. of Joliet; Dr. McNeil, of Mount Morris ; and Drs. Herrick and Davis, of Chicago. As might be expected ,much diversity of sentiment was expressed in reference both to the nature and treatment of continued fevers. Only a few agreed fully with the chairman of the Committee in reference to the value of mercurials in this form of disease, while it was plainly evident from the whole discussion, that grades of fever widely diverse in the symptoms presented, in the tendencies observed, and in the results btained, have been grouped under the rather popular name of Typhoid Fever. It might almost be said that it had become fashionable to dignify every case of febrile disease, not profound typhus on the one hand nor a plain ague on the other, with the name of Typhoid Fever. Hence we not unfrecpiently have a protracted enteric fever and the simplest ephemera ranked in the same class. It is evident therefore, that until a more definite rule of diagnosis is established and generally adhered to, it will be vain to look for any approach towards uniformity of views in regard to the treatment of this important class of diseases.

Though that part of the report by Dr. Roe, relating to the prevalence of epidemics in the State, during the past year, was very defective, yet both the report and the discussion to which it gave rise, were highly interesting and profitable.

The report of the committee on Drugs and Medicines, was also listened to with much interest; and an allusion in it to the use of Iodine as an antidote to the poison of serpents, and the probability of its being equally capable of destroying all the animal poisons, led to the relation of some interesting facts by Dr. A. L. McArthur of Joliet.

He stated that by a Railroad accident near Joliet during the past year several persons were very severely burned. Some of these burns resulted in the formation of extensive suppurating ulcers, coupled with general typhoid symptoms. In several instances the pus from these ulcers proved highly poisonous, inoculating the hands of those who dressed the surfaces wherever there happened to be the slightest abrasion of the skin. The symptoms produced by such inoculation, were those of a severe phlegmonous erysipelas. In these cases the application of the solution of Iodine seemed to be promptly beneficial in destroying the poison. Dr. F. K. Bailey, witnessed some of the same cases, and coincided with the statements of Dr. McArthur. Dr. Roe, of Bloomington, expressed the opinion that Iodine is an effectual antidote to the poison both of syphilis and erysipelas.

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On the afternoon of the second day, the retiring president, Dr. C.N.Andrews, of Rockford, delivered his valedictory Address. The subject was, "Medical Progress;" and it was treated in such & manner as to indicate a commendable degree of industry and research on the part of the author. We shall defer any analysis of it until we have it in printed form before us. The usual standing committees were appointed on Practical Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics, and on Drugs and Medicines. Besides these, there were appointed several special committees, to each of whom was assigned a specific subject for investigation; which will doubtless add much to the interest of the next annual meeting. A committee consisting of Drs. D. Prince, of Jacksonville, J. V. Z. Blaney, of Chicago, and E. Roe, of Bloomington, was appointed to memorialize the next Legislature in favor of providing additional accommodations for the Insane, and for the instruction of imbecile and idiotic children.

Drs. W. B. Herrick, of Chicago, R. Rouse, of Peoria, and F. A. McNeill, of Mt. Morris, were appointed a committee on prize essays, with instruction to offer a premium of fifty dollars for the best essay on some medical subject. Essays designed as competitors for this prize, should be sent to the chairman of the committee on or before the first of April next. Twelve delegates were appointed to attend the next annual meeting of the American Medical Association.

The meeting throughout was characterized by an untiring devotion to its legitimate business, by the most perfect good feeling and social harmony, and will doubtless be remembered with pleasure by all who attended. Vandalia was selected as the place for the next annual meeting, which will be held on the first Tuesday in June, 1856.

Amputation Case.

[The following letters sufficiently explain themselves. We published the article of Dr. Higgins in the March No. of the Journal, because it was requested by the Lasalle Co. Medical Society. We now publish the letters as an act of justice and fairness to the other side. Our only object is, to do justice to all the parties, who are personally strangers to us.]—Ed.

Tkenton, Lasalle Co., III.,) May 25, 1855. [ To the Editors of the Xorth-Weitern Med. and Surg. Journal:

Gentlemion.—In the March No. of your Journal, my attention was attracted to an article entitled •' Amputation," signed J. Higgins, in which there is an evident design, at least it so appears to me, knowing as I do all the antecedents of both parties, to gratify petty jealousies and private spleen, and not as should b.- and I might say would be the ease with an honorable man, professional or otherwise, for the benefit of science.

I am aware it is difficult for all to know the motives which actuate good men, much more bad ones; this probably may account in some degree for the publication of the article in your popular Journal. The writer is fully aware of the object of the Journal, and therefore begs leave to correct any erroneous impressions which may have been made by your admitting the statement of a few facts.

In the fall of 1852, at the request of the same J. Higgins, and upon representations made by him to me (which representations proved to be untrue), I succeeded in obtaining the reluctant consent of the same Doc. spoken of in the amputation article, to enter into copartnership with him. Dr. Weeks, shortly after the union was effected, left for New York city to spend the winter in the hospitals; on his return in the spring, finding that he had been deceived, censured me not a little for misrepresenting J Higgins and his professional business. I undertook to apologize for J. Higgins, but this would not satisfy Dr. Weeks, who told me he could readily submit to pecuniary loss, but that he would not be associated with one whose conduct was as unprofessional and

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