He received the Master’s degree in 1882. He had meantime engaged in the study of law in the office of his father, who was then a practicing lawyer in Morristown. He was admitted to the bar in June, 1882, and at once entered upon practice in Dover, Morris county, New Jersey. In 1885 he was licensed as a counsellor. In 1889 he returned to Morristown, where he has since resided. He early gained a large clientele and an enviable reputation, and continued actively engaged in his profession until his elevation to the bench. He was connected with much important litigation and gave evidence of superior powers before both court and jury. On February 5, 1901, he was nominated by Governor Voorhees as Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court, to succeed Justice Gummere, and the nomination was at once confirmed by the senate. On November 16, 1901, Justice Pitney qualified and took his seat for a term of seven years. Before the expiration of this term he was nominated by Governor Fort as Chancellor, January 22, 1908, to succeed Chancellor Magie, and at once confirmed by the senate, for a term of seven years, to expire January. 21, 1915. He was appointed by President Taft to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, March 13, 1912, and took the oath of office and entered upon its duties a few days later. His record upon the bench has been most creditable, and he is noted for candor and freedom from bias, and for his thorough study of the cases that come before him for decision. In the Supreme Court, in the Court of Chancery, and in the Court of Errors and Appeals of New Jersey, and in the United States Supreme Court, he has delivered opinions in many cases of the utmost importance.

Mr. Justice Pitney, before his elevation to the bench, served with prominence in the legislative bodies of both state and nation. In 1894 he was elected to Congress as a Republican by a plurality of 1,407 over Johnston Cornish, in the old Fourth District, which was normally Democratic by a large majority. In 1896 he was re-elected by the increased plurality of 2,977, his county of Morris giving him a plurality of 3,627, despite the fact that his Democratic opponent, Augustus W. Cutler, was also a resident of that county. Mr. Pitney took an active part in the work of the House of Representatives, and rendered important service upon the Committee on Appropriations in opposing extravagant and useless appropriations. In 1898 he was elected to the State Senate from Morris county. in 1900 was the leader of his party on the floor of that body, and in 1901 served as president.

Until his appointment to the bench he was a recognized Republican leader in his section of the State. In 1895 he was temporary chairman of the State Convention which nominated John W. Griggs for governor. In the campaign of 1896 he made a vigorous canvass, and took an uncompromising stand in favor of sound money. He is a forcible, earnest and convincing speaker, and not less accomplished as a writer, his pen productions having the literary finish of the scholar as well as the eloquence of the orator. He has received the degree of LL.D. from Princeton University and from Rutgers College.

Mr. Pitney married, November 14, 1891, Florence Theodora Shelton. They are members of the First Presbyterian Church of Morristown, and sustain high social relations. Their children are Guy Shelton, Mahlon Jr., and Beatrice Louise.

DANIEL SPADER VOORHEES

Daniel S. Voorhees, one of the eminent attorneys of the Morris county bar, whose prominence is the result of ability of a high order and unquestioned integrity, and one of the leaders of Republican thought and action in Morris county, is a native of Somerville, Somerset county, New Jersey, born August 15, 1852, son of Daniel Spader and Mary Louise Compton (Doty) Voorhees.

Daniel Spader Voorhees Sr. traced his paternal ancestry to Holland. He was born in Somerville, New Jersey, in 1808, died in 1878. He was a farmer by occupation, a man of usefulness and activity, respected and honored by his townsmen. He married Mary L. C. Doty, whose death occurred in 1894. Children: William ; Tobias; Mary, who became the wife of Seaman \/Villiams; Anna L., who became the wife of VVilliam H. Williams; Sarah, who became the wife of William Vroom; Daniel Spader.

Daniel Spader Voorhees Jr. spent the days of his boyhood and youth in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and obtained a practical education in the Morrow Street School. His first occupation was selling newspapers at the railway station in Elizabeth, and at the early age of fourteen he was employed in a hardware store in Elizabeth, remaining for two and a half years. In 1869 he removed to Morristown, and on June 1, 1870, accepted a clerical position in the Office of Richard Speer, then county clerk. He was appointed to the position of deputy clerk in 1876 by William McCarty, was reappointed by his successor, M. S. Condit, in 1878, and again by the same clerk in 1883. Five years later he was again chosen for the same position by E. B. Mott, and was by him reappointed in 1893, and thus for twenty-one years he acceptably filled the office, performing the duties thereof to the entire satisfaction of all concerned. During the years of his public service Mr. Voorhees devoted his leisure moments to the study of law under the instruction of John M. Betts, George Forsythe, Edward A. Quayle and John B. Vreeland, and after a competitive examination before the Supreme Court at Trenton was admitted as an attorney to the New Jersey bar in March, 1896, and in April of the same year was appointed master in chancery. He is a lawyer of quick perception and eminent ability, and has achieved a high reputation at the bar. In 1898 he was elected county clerk of Morris county, and so capable was his administration of the office that he was renominated at the close of his term and re-elected by a handsome majority, an eloquent testimonial of his efficiency and skill. At a joint meeting of the legislature, February 14, 1907, Mr. Voorhees was appointed to the office of State Treasurer, for a full term of three years, to succeed Frank O. Briggs. He entered upon his duties, March 1, 1907, and at the expiration of his term was re-elected. serving at the present time (1913). He has been a member of the State Republican Committee since 1903, in which body his services have been exceedingly valuable. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Improved Order of Red Men, and of various clubs and organizations of Morristown.

Mr. Voorhees married, January 18, 1874, Frances L., daughter of William W. and Margaret White, of New Brunswick, New Jersey. She was born January 18, 1856.

WILLIAM C. SALMON

William C. Salmon, president of the Farmers’ and Merchants‘ Bank of Boonton, also owner and proprietor of Henry Salmon & Son, one of the leading industrial enterprises of Boonton, is a lineal descendant in the ninth generation of the old and honored Salmon family, who can trace their ancestry in Scotland and England back to the year 1315, and whose coatof-arms is a crest above three fishes, and a hand with an uplifted sword in

it guarding the crown bonnet. A full account of the family will be found in tlfle sketch of Hon Joshua R. Salmon-, which appears elsewhere in this wor .

Henry Salmon, father of William C. Salmon, was bor n October 4, 1836, and at the present time (1913) is a resident of Boonton, leading a retired life, having given up business pursuits after amassing a competence for his declining years, the result of years of active and unceasing toil. He established a lumber, coal and wood and building material business, which he conducted under his own name for some time, later admitting his son to partnership, and he is now conducting the same under the new style oi Henry Salmon & Son. He married (first) Alma Bartley, who died iir 1868, and (second) Elizabeth Salmon, of Mt. Olive, New Jersey. By hit first marriage he had William C., of whom further, and by his second Henry B., a resident of Newark, New Jersey, a dealer in coal, wood and building materials.

William C. Salmon was born in Bartley, Morris county, New Jersey, July 30, 1864. He obtained his education in the common schools of the neighborhood, and he began his active business life in the employ of his father, a dealer in lumber, coal and wood and building materials of all kinds, hardware, oil, paints, etc., and in due course of time became thoroughly proficient, proving of considerable value to his father, who subsequently admitted him to partnership, changing the name from Henry Salmon to Henry Salmon & Son, which still obtains, William C. Salmon being now the owner and proprietor of the same, giving steady employment to about twenty-five men, thus adding to the general prosperity and growth of the city. The volume of business conducted by the firm materially increased under the capable management of the junior partner, who is a man of sound judgment, possessing excellent executive and business ability, combined with a restless energy and resolute purpose. The possession of these characteristics led to his appointment as president of the Farmers’ and Merchants’ Bank of Boonton upon its organization, January 2, 1912, and the success which it has since attained clearly demonstrates the wisdom of the directors in their choice of president. The cashier of the bank is Marvin D. Hayward, and the directors are: Frank H. Coe, James V. Beam and J. Wesley Mutctiler. At the close of business, Au st 9, 1913, its resources amounted to $217,211.67. Mr. Salmon is a mem er of Arcania Lodge, No. 60, F. A. M., Boonton; Chapter No. 21, R. A. M.; the Consistory, Accepted Scottish Rite, of Jersey City; and Salaam Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Newark. He and his wife are members of the Presbyterian church, in which they take an active interest, he serving for many years as one of the board of trustees.

Mr. Salmon married, December 31, 1889, Nellis Shaw, a native of Boonton. daughter of Martin S. and Anne L. (Service) Shaw, who were the parents of two other daughters: Ada B., deceased, was the wife of Earl C. Greenman; and Grace B., wife of Charles W. Hawk. Mr. Shaw was an iron manufacturer of Boonton during the early part of his active career, and later was associated with the Inman Line, now known as the American Steamship Company. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Salmon: Earl Byron and Ada Bartley.

WILLIAM EUGENE DAY

William Eugene Day is descended from George Day, one of the early settlers of the colony of New Jersey, and from Artemas Day, who was a

justice of peace of Morris county in 1775, and who was among the first to offer his services to the Continental Army and the Revolutionary cause. He was one of the New Jersey minute-men, and was in the skirmish, the shots of which “were heard around the world.”

The grandfather of Mr. Day was Patrick Henry. Day, named for the great Virginian, who was born in Mendham, Morris county. He lived in the county all of his life and there died in 1885, aged sixty-six years. He was a blacksmith and farmer, and by combining the two vocations succeeded in accumulating a considerable estate. He was the father of ten children, of whom Laura, William, Adela and Maurice live in Morris county; a son, Henry, makes his home in Jersey City, New Jersey. Patrick Henry Day was pre-eminently the type of man who has made the United States one of the most respected of the great nations; he was a home loving, law abiding citizen.

Ephraim S. Day, son of the foregoing, was born in Mendham, September 4, 1845, and died November 11, 1912, in Morristown. He was one of the substantial men of the county, both liked and respected by those who knew him. He was a live stock dealer and a public auctioneer, doing well in botn vocations. He was a Republican, casting his first presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln, and consistently voting the straight ticket thereafter. He was appointed census taker by the United States government, and also held the position of constable several years. He married Miss Laura A. Carroll, born in Centre Grove, Morris county, June 29, 1844, died September 3, 1910. She came from an old and long established family of New Jersey, and was distantly connected with the Carroll family of Maryland. Their children were: Charles H., born March 1o, 1869, in business at MendLiam: William Eugene; Emily C., now Mrs. James C. Menagh; Bessie A., 1iow Mrs. J. Henry Blagure, of East Orange, New Jersey.

William Eugene Day was born April 29, 1871, in Brooks-ide, Morris county, New Jersey, died September 25, 1913, at l\Iorristown. He was educated in the public schools of Brookside. In 1888, when seventeen years old, he left his birthplace and went to Mendham, where he was engaged as clerk in the general merchandise store of Phoenix & Sandford. remain ing with them fifteen months. He secured a position with the Lehigh Valley Railway as clerk, and was transferred to New York City. In 1890 he went to Morristown, where he secured a position as salesman with Mr. Phillips. He was next engaged by George Vorhees and remained with him three years. At the end of which time the firm of Phillips & Day was formed, the high commercial rating proving the business foresight of such a move. In politics Mr. Day followed his grandfather and father, being a staunch Republican, and he never asked for nor held any political office. He was a member of the Royal Arcanum and the Knights of Pythias, standing high in both orders. He and his wife were members of the First Presbyterian Church of Morristown. He married, May 22, 1895, Miss Mary L. Frost, born in Mendham, a daughter of Thomas B. and Maria (Smith) Frost, of Mendham. Mr. Frost has moved with his family to Morristown, where he has established himself in the automobile and hack business. The Frosts are also of Colonial and Revolutionary stock, the family having been planted in New Jersey about 1736. Mr. and Mrs. Dav had one child, William Eugene Day Jr., born March 28, 1901.

WILLIAM H. TONKING

Prominent among the representative business men of Dover is William H. Tonking, a man of unquestioned business ability, of integrity of character, and possessing in large degree the characteristics so essential to success in life, namely, perseverance, industry and enterprise. He is now serving as superintendent of the Lime Stone Quarries of B. Nicol & Company, real estate agent of the New Jersey Zinc Company at Franklin, New Jersey, vice-president and secretary of the James Couper Lord Estate Company of Morris County, and supervisor of the real estate in New Jersey of the Lackawanna Steel Company of Buffalo, New York, and the Chester Securities Company of New Jersey.

He was born in Cornwall, England, January 12, 1861, son of William and Elizabeth (Moyse) Tonking, who emigrated to the United States about the year 1864, locating in the town of Cold Spring, on the Hudson river, where he served as mine superintendent: in 1875 they removed to Port Oram, New Jersey, and in that town his death occurred. They were Methodists in religion. They were the parents of six children: James B.; William H., of whom further: Nellie, wife of Walter Henry; John; Josephine, wife of D. R. Hummer; Charles.

William H. Tonking attended the public schools of Cold Spring, New York, and Port Oram and Hackettstown, New Jersey, obtaining a practical education. In 1876 he entered the employ of the Thomas Iron Company at Port Oram, New Jersey, continuing with them until 1881, when he was employed by the estate of James Couper Lord in the capacity of bookkeeper in the office, continuing until August, 1895, when he was appointed assistant general manager and later superintendent of all their mines, with headquarters at Port Oram, a position requiring the utmost skill and rare judgment, both of which were in evidence in his conduct of affairs. In addition to the important positions named above, Mr. Tonking is secretary of the board of health of Dover, superintendent of Memorial Presbyterian Sunday school; a member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, in which connection he is brought prominently into public notice; and a member of Acacia Lodge, No. 20, A. F. and A. M., of Dover. He is a Republican in politics, but has never sought or held public ofiice, and he and his wife are members of the Presbyterian church. He was formerly a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, serving in the pulpit in the absence of the regular pastor, and for fourteen years served as superintendent of the Sunday school connected therewith, this having been the second largest in the coun .

l\/IX. Tonking married. July, 1881, Clara A. Hulshizer, a native oi \\’arren county, New Jersey, daughter of Dr. Henry and Adelaide (Wildrick) Hulshizer, natives of New Jersey, the former named deceased. the latter named a resident of Sussex county, New Jersey, and who were the parents of four children: Alfred M., Clara A., Lena, wife of J. L. Kice,

and Wildrick. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Tonking: William W., graduate of Columbia University, a mining engineer; Leonora B., Henry H., Russell.

R. C. ARNDT

The name of Arndt has been an honored one in Germany for many years, and it has become no less so in this country. A representative of it at the present time in Whippany, Morris county, New Jersey, is R. C. Arndt, senior member of the firm of Arndt & Stork, who conduct a bottling estab

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