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He was licensed to preach by the Andover Association, December n, 1866; preached six weeks at Woodbury, Vt., in April and May, 1866; and was ordained at Mont Vernon, N. H., May 1, 1867. But before entering the Seminary he was principal of Appleton Academy, Mont Vernon, N. H., 1860-64, and while in the Seminary assisted Dr. Taylor in Phillips Academy, 1866-67. On Dr. Taylor's recommendation, given to Mr. C. R. Robert, the founder of the school, Dr. Bancroft was offered the principalship of Lookout Mountain Educational Institution, Tenn., where he remained from 1867 to 1872, when the school was closed, after gaining in numbers and favor notwithstanding the many difficulties. The following year was spent in European travel and study at the University of Halle. In 1873 Dr. Bancroft took the place at the head of Phillips Academy that he filled during the rest of his life, training nearly five thousand young men, fitting for college a larger number than have been prepared by any other principal of a preparatory school in this country.
In 1878 he visited England; in 1888, southern Europe, Egypt, and Palestine; in 1895 and 1901 he was again in Europe, and in 1899 in Palestine.
He received the degree of Ph.D. from the University of the State of New York, 1874; Litt.D., from Williams College, 1891; LL.D., from Yale, 1892.
He was trustee of Phillips Academy, 1873-1901, serving as clerk of the board; trustee of Dartmouth College, 1897-1901; trustee of Massachusetts State institutions at Tewksbury and Bridgewater, 1898-1901; a member of the American Philological Association, the National Geographical Society, the New England Educational League, the Archaeological Institute of America, the New England Association of College and Preparatory Schools, and was prominent in many religious and charitable organizations, besides being identified with many of the business enterprises and nearly all the charitable organizations of Andover. He made numerous contributions to periodicals on educational and religious topics.
He married, May 6, 1867, at Mont Vernon, N. H., Frances Adelia Kittredge, daughter of Timothy Kittredge and Frances Marsh, of Mont Vernon. She died March 28, 1898. They had three sons and two daughters. One son died in childhood. Cecil Kittredge Bancroft, Yale, 1891, is an instructor at Yale; Phillips Bancroft is a member of the class of 1902 at Yale; one daughter, of Smith College, 1894, is the wife of the Rev. William J. Long, Ph.D., of the Seminary class of 1895; and the other daughter is of the class of 1904 at Smith College.
Dr. Bancroft died at Andover, Mass., of diabetes, October 4, 1901, aged sixty-one years, ten months, and nine days.
Edward Payson Sprague, D.D., Ph.D.
Son of the Rev. Daniel Greene Sprague and Caroline Wood; born at Westchester, Conn., October 18, 1843; united with the Presbyterian church, South Orange, N. J., in the spring of 1859; studied at the Newark Academy, Newark, N. J., before 1859, and at Williston Seminary, Easthampton, Mass., 1859-60; was graduated from the University of New York as valedictorian of his class, 1864; having been ordered to Antietam with the Second New Jersey Regiment, was recalled on the eve of departure and returned to complete his college course; was graduated from this Seminary after taking the full course.
He was licensed to preach by the Essex North Association, at Newburyport, Mass., December 19,1866; ordained by the presbytery of Troy, N. Y., as pastor of the Presbyterian church, Salem, N. Y., April 28,1868; remained until October 23, 1881; was installed at First Presbyterian Church, Meadville, Penn., November 3, 1881, remaining until November 20, 1887; installed at the Second Presbyterian Church, Auburn, N. Y., November 25, 1887, remaining until June 2, 1895; installed at the Presbyterian church, Salem, N. Y., November 8, 1895, where he continued until his death.
He received the degree of doctor of divinity from the University of New York, 1887, and the degree of doctor of philosophy on examination from Allegheny College the same month.
He was commissioner of Auburn Theological Seminary, 1890-94; president of the board of trustees of Washington Academy, Salem, N. Y., 1874-81 and 1895 until his death; stated clerk of the presbytery of Cayuga, 1891-95; president of Cayuga County Bible Society; member of the Meadville Literary Union, the Meadville Natural History Society, and the Cayuga County Historical Society.
He published a " Biographical Sketch of Rev. Daniel G. Sprague," a "History of the Presbyterian Church, Salem, N. Y.," and " Suggestions for the Revision of the Confession of Faith," 1890, besides making frequent contributions to the religious and secular press.
He married, June 10, 1868, at East Setauket, N. Y., Sarah Frances Dering, daughter of Henry Sylvester Dering, M.D., and Harriet E. Hulse. One son and one daughter died in infancy; one daughter was graduated from Wells College, 1894; and Dering J. Sprague, a graduate of Williams College, 1900, is instructor in mathematics at the New York Military Academy, Cornwall-on-Hudson, N. Y.
Dr. Sprague died at Salem, N. Y., of angina pectoris, January 7,1902, aged fifty-eight years, two months, and twenty days.
CLASS OF 1868.
Joseph Cook, LL.D.
Son of William Henry Cook and Merrett Lamb; born at Ticonderoga, N. Y., January 26, 1838; united with the First Congregational Church, Keeseville, N. Y., in 1853; studied at Keeseville Academy; was graduated at Phillips Academy, 1857; studied at Yale College, 1858-61; his course was interrupted by illness, and in 1863 he entered the junior class at Harvard, where he was graduated, 1865; then followed a full course in this Seminary.
He was licensed to preach by the Andover Association, December 10, 1867, but was never ordained. He was a resident licentiate in this Seminary, 1868-70, supplying churches at East Abington, Mass., Middlebury, Vt., Maiden, Mass., etc., during that time; and he was acting pastor of the First Church, Lynn, Mass., 1870-71. In September, 1871, he went abroad, and spent two years in study at Halle, Leipsic, Berlin, and Heidelberg, also travelling in Egypt, Syria, and Europe. On his return he made his residence in Boston, and in 1874 began giving his Monday lectures, which he delivered, 1874-80, 1883-95, 1900-01, until he gave two hundred and fifty-two lectures in Boston. Numerous lectures were also given in other places, the total number for the year ending July 4, 1879, reaching one hundred and sixty. In 1880-82 he made a tour of Great Britain, India, Japan, and Australia; and during a journey of two years and seventy-seven days he averaged more than one address on every other working-day while on land. In 1895 a second tour of the world was interrupted by sudden illness in Australia. After his return he made Newton Centre, Mass., his winter residence, Ticonderoga, N. Y., continuing to be his summer residence; and in 1899 he regained his health sufficiently for literary work and some speaking, his last public appearance being at a lecture at Haverhill, Mass., March 20, 1901.
He received the degree of doctor of laws from Howard University, April 5, 1892. He was a member of the Victoria Institute, London.
He published "Biology," 1877, 325 pp.; "Transcendentalism," 1878, 305 pp.; "Orthodoxy," 1878, 343 pp.; "Conscience," 1879, 279 pp.; "Heredity," 1879, 268 pp.; "Marriage," 1879, 270 pp.; "Labor," 1880, 295 pp.; "Socialism," 1880,307 pp.; "Occident," 1884,382 pp.; "Orient," 1886, 340 pp.; "Current Religious Perils," 1888, 435 pp.; "Professor Park and His Pupils," a contribution of 24 pp. to a pamphlet bearing the same title, 1899; "New Defenses of the Lord's Day," 1900, 39 pp.; "Higher Levels of Arbitration," 1900. All these were published in Boston, and many other editions of his lectures were issued. He founded Our Day, and edited it, 1888-95.
He married, June 30, 1877, at New Haven, Conn., Georgiana Hemingway, daughter of Willis Hemingway and Teresa Friese, of New Haven. They had no children.
Dr. Cook died at Ticonderoga, N. Y., of bronchial grip and kidneytrouble, June 24, 1901, aged sixty-three years, four months, and twentynine days.
William Wallace Silvester, S.T.D. (resident student).
Son of Joshua Silvester and Harriet Livermore Noyes; born at Danvers, Mass., October 18,1833; studied in the academy at West Randolph, Vt.; spent some time in the bank at Danvers, Mass.; was an importer, with residence in London, England, 1851-57; on his return was in business with his father, studying at the same time; was a resident student in this Seminary during a part of 1867-68; and was the first graduate of the Episcopal Theological School at Cambridge, Mass., in 1868.
He was lay reader at Calvary Church, Danvers, Mass.; while at Cambridge he was ordained as deacon (Protestant Episcopal), in Boston, Mass., April 16, 1868; was rector of Trinity Church, Norwich, Conn., where he was ordained as priest, April 13,1869; was rector of St. Mary's Church, Dorchester, Mass., 1874-78; professor of belles lettres and homiletics, Griswold College, and canon of Grace Cathedral, Davenport, Io., 1878-81; was assistant rector of Christ Church, St. Louis, Mo., 1881-87; rector of the Memorial Church of the Advocate, Philadelphia, Penn., 1887-1901.
He received the degree of doctor of divinity from Griswold College. He was a member of the Society of the Colonial Wars, of the Sons of the Revolution, of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and the Historical Society of Danvers, Mass.
He married Marianna Tasker, at Providence, R. I., June 10, 1864. She died, and he married Mary Hay Westcott, daughter of Gideon C. and Caroline C. Westcott, who survives him with their children, two sons and a daughter, whose marriage to the Rev. Henry Martyn Medary was the occasion of her father's presence at church for the last time.
Dr. Silvester died in Philadelphia, Penn., of enlargement of the heart, January 22, 1901, aged sixty-seven years, three months, and four days.
CLASS OF 1870.
Charles Edward Sumner.
Son of Cheney Sumner and Mary B. Coy; born at Spencer, Mass., December 31, 1837; united with the Congregational church at Spencer, Mass.; studied at the Spencer high school; was graduated from Monson Academy, Monson, Mass., 1859, and from Yale College, 1863; taught in Delhi Academy, 1863-64; was principal of Walton Academy, 1864-67; was graduated from this Seminary, 1870, having entered in January, 1868.
He was licensed to preach by the Andover Association, October 19, 1869; was acting pastor of the Lincoln Park Church, Chicago, Ill.; ordained as pastor, February 27, 1873; dismissed, July, 1875; travelled in Europe, Egypt, and Palestine, 1876-77; was acting pastor at Raymond, N. H., 1877; acting pastor at Lancaster, N. H., 1878-82. His health failed, and after again travelling in Europe he was for a short time without charge in Spencer, Mass., then acting pastor at Southwick, Mass., 1884-86; without charge, Spencer, Mass., 1887-90; acting pastor at Loudon, N. H., 1891-92; acting pastor, Alton, N. H., 1892-93; acting pastor, Brooklyn, Conn., 1893-94; without charge at Brooklyn, Conn., 1894-97; without charge at Spencer, Mass., 1897-99; acting pastor at Wilmot, N. H., 1900; acting pastor at Northwood Centre, N. H., 1901; without charge at Spencer, Mass., after that, preaching in one of the Spencer churches the Sunday before his death.
He was a member of local literary and historical societies in Chicago, Lancaster, and Spencer.
He published a " Thanksgiving Day Sermon" (pp. 22) preached when he was a pastor in Chicago.
Mr. Sumner died, unmarried, at Fitchburg, Mass., suddenly, of hearttrouble, March 26, 1902, aged sixty-four years, two months, and twentysix days.
CLASS OF 1871.
Louis Bevicr Voorhees.
Son of the Hon. Joseph Hageman Voorhees and Sarah Westbrook; born at Rocky Hill, N. J., June 10, 1847; united with the Rocky Hill Dutch Reformed Church; was graduated from Princeton College, 1868; studied at the New Brunswick Theological Seminary, 1868-69, and at this Seminary until his graduation in 1871.
He was licensed to preach by the Andover Association at Andover, Mass., July 5, 1870; was ordained as pastor at North Weymouth, Mass., December 6, 1871, remaining with that church until 1876; installed at the First Church, Worcester, Mass., June 15, 1877, remaining there until 1880; in Europe, 1880-81; without charge, Weymouth, Mass., 1881; acting pastor, Saundersville, Mass., 1882-85 > installed at the Crombie Street Church, Salem, Mass., April 15, 1885; dismissed, November 16, 1889; acting pastor, Santa Ana, Cal., 1889-90; acting pastor, Silverton, Col., 1890-91; without charge, Weymouth, Mass., 1891; acting pastor, Trinity Church, North Attleboro, Mass., 1892-93; installed, Groton, Mass., November 22,1893; dismissed on account of poor health, June 10, 1901.
He was a trustee of Lawrence Academy at Groton.
He married, November 7,1877, at Weymouth, Mass., Harriet B. Pratt, daughter of Edwin and Lucy A. Pratt. She survives him with two children.
Mr. Voorhees died at Niantic, Conn., of dysentery, July 26, 1901, aged fifty-four years, one month, and sixteen days.
CLASS OF 1872.
Thomas Melbourne May.
Son of Thomas May and Sarah Ann Clubb; born at Melbourne, Australia, Januarys 1845; studied at Phillips Academy, 1868; united with the Mariner's Church, New York, N. Y., January 6,1861; was graduated from this Seminary, 1872.
He was sailor missionary of the Sea and Land Church, New York, N. Y., 1866; was licensed to preach by the Andover Association, June 6, 1871; was ordained at Williamstown, Vt., September 25, 1872; acting pastor, Williamstown, Vt., 1872-74; acting pastor, Quechee, Vt., 1874; without charge, Concord, N. H., 1875; acting pastor, Taftville, Conn., ,1876; acting pastor, Palermo and Volney, N. Y., 1877-78; without charge, Fulton, N. Y., 1879-80; acting pastor, Austerlitz, N. Y., 1881-82; acting pastor, Ashford, Conn., 1883-85; without charge, Ashford, Conn., 1885