the late Judge Storer and his son, Hon. Bellamy Storer, which partnership continued during the lifetime of the former, and with the latter until 1884, since which time Mr. Goodman has been engaged in the practice alone. He is a 32nd degree Mason, Scottish Rite, and a Knight Templar. Mr. Goodman was married June 19, 1873, to Grace Hastings Griswold, daughter of Hezekiah Griswold, an insurance agent of Hartford, Conn. One son born of this marriage, William Goodman, is a member of the junior class at Haverford College, Penn. Mr. and Mrs. Goodman and his aged mother, Mrs. William Goodman, reside on West Fourth street; they are members of Christ Church.

Almon Mitchell Wabner was born at Plaintield, Hampshire Co., Mass., March 6, 1843, and is a son of James and Fidelia Warner. His father was of English origin, and his mother's ancestry is traced in a direct line to Robert Bruce, the famous Scottish chieftain and king. Our subject was educated in the common and select schools of Massachusetts, graduating at Willtston Seminary in 1862. On August 6, in that year, while only nineteen years of age, he enlisted in Company H, Thirty seventh Massachusetts Volunteers, Col. Oliver Edward, and was made second sergeant. He was afterward transferred to Company E, same regiment, and promoted to the rank of first sergeant. At the battle of Sailor's Creek, Virginia, April 6, 1805, he was severely wounded while attempting the capture of a rebel flag, and in recognition of this, and similar services, he was promoted to a lieutenancy. During its entire history his regiment formed part of the Sixth Army Corps. It was in eighteen engagements, including Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spottsylvauia, Winchester, and Petersburg, in all of which he participated. After three years hard service Lieut. Warner was honorably discharged August 28, 1865.

On January 1, 1866, he began the study of law in the office of Church & Sawyer, Albion, Orleans Co., N. Y. His preceptors were both lawyers of exceptional ability. Sanford E. Church was lieutenant-governor of New York, and chief justice of its court of appeals; John G. Sawyer served four terms in Congress, and was county judge of Orleans county. Mr. Warner was admitted to the Bar in May, 1869, and practiced in Albion, N. Y., until March, 1870, when he removed to Leesburg,. Va. Two years later he located at Huntington, W. Va., and in 1874 came to Cincinnati, where he has since practiced. In 1883 he was the Republican nominee for Judge of the Superior Court of Cincinnati, but was defeated with the rest of the ticket. Mr. Warner was married October 12, 1S70, at Albion, N. Y., to Elizabeth H. Densmore, whose parents, Dennis and Christina Densmore, were old residents of Orleans county. Two children, Maude Loraine, and Carrie Elizabeth, have blessed this union. Mr. Warner is a Republican in politics, is a member of the Congregational Church, and is connected with the I. O. O. F., F. & A. M., and the G. A. R. In the L O. O. F. he was, for three years, major commanding battalion of Patriarchs Militant in Cincinnati; he is a past grand, past chief patriarch, past grand representative; and in the G. A. R. he is past Post commander; past Department commander of Ohio, and member of committee on pensions of the National Encampment. He has also held various staff positions in the G. A. R. He and his family attend the Walnut Hills Congregational Church, of which he has been a member many years.

Milton Sater, attorney at law, was born in Crosby township, Hamilton Co., Ohio. April 2, 1849, a son of the late John J. and Nancy Larison Sater, the former born in this county in 1810, the latter in 1815. The father died in 1864, the mother in 1863. Milton Sater's maternal grandfather, Jonathan Larison, came to this vicinity in 1803, purchased a farm and planted the first nursery in the county, near Mount Pleasant. Milton Sater received his education at the public schools and began his collegiate course at Hanover College, which he was compelled to abandon in the Sophomore year on account of ill health. After a few years recuperation upon his father's farm, he came to Cincinnati to read law in the office of Hollister & Butterworth; attended the Cincinnati Law School, and in 1870 was admitted to practice, in which he has been since engaged. He has a lucrative clientage, enjoying the confidence and the esteem of the community generally. Politically he has always been identified with the Democratic party, and he was one of its nominees for a common pleas judgeship in 1891. On March 4, 1875, Mr. Sater was married to Clara E., daughter of Robert S. Dunning, for many years associated with Louisville Mail Line Company. Their residence is on Grand avenue, Price Hill. Mr. Slater is a member of the F. & A. M., I. O. O. F., and K. of P.

William Whipple Symmes, attorney at law, was born in Hamilton, Butler Co., Ohio, February 17, 1849. He is a son of Americus Symmes, who was born in Bellefontaine, Mo., and now resides near Louisville, Ky. Americus Symmes was a son of Capt. John Cleves Symmes, Jr., a United States army officer who served in the war of 1812. Capt. John Cleves Symmes was a son of Timothy Symmes, who was a brother of Judge John Cleves Symmes, the latter being one of the most conspicuous figures in the history of the Northwest Territory. During the Revolutionary war he served as colonel; immediately thereafter he was Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of New Jersey, and still later a member of Congress from that State. After his settlement in the West, he was one of the common pleas judges of the Northwest Territory. He it was who first conceived the idea of sectioniziug lands and subdividing them into sections and ranges, and it was this territory of the Miami Purchase which was first so sectionized. The government of the United States afterward adopted this plan of surveying government lands.

Capt. John Cleves Symmes, Jr., author of "The Theory of Concentric Spheres and Polar Voids," is buried in the center of the park (formerly a cemetery in Hamilton, Ohio), his remains having been left there to secure to that city the title to the park property, which had been dedicated to the city for cemetery purposes. The youngest son and child of Capt. John Cleves Symmes, Jr., who bore his father's and granduncle's name, was a graduate of West Point, and took the most distiuguished rank, in many decades, as a graduate of that institution. He invented breech-loading firearms, which closely resembled the present Remington. At the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion he was on furlough in Berlin, Prussia, whither he had gone for the treatment of his eyes. Returning for duty he was reported by the examining board of surgeons as unfit for service on account of the loss of one eye, and the impaired condition of the other. In his disappointment he resigned from service and returned to Berlin, where he married, and he now resides near that city. The first bridge ever wholly constructed of iron was the work of this latter John Cleves Symmes; he also built the arsenal at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. His eldest son is a tutor in the University at Heidelberg. Americus Symmes married Frances, daughter of Christine Scott, of Boone county, Ky., who came to Kentucky from Virginia, and was a member of the same family of Scotts from which Gen. Winfield Scott and Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock were descended. In its various branches, the Symmes family has been a notable one in the political history of the country. A daughter of Judge John Cleves Symmes was the wife of President William Henry Harrison, and the grandmother of another, Benjamin Harrison. Of the children of Americus Symmes, three reside in Cincinnati, viz.: Anthony Lockwood Symmes, a leaf tobacco dealer and broker; Mrs. Florence, widow of the late Mayor S. S. L'Hommedieu, and William W. Symmes, who is mentioned in the opening lines of this memoir.

William W. Symmes received his education at Louisville, completing it in the Louisville University, from which institution he graduated in June, 1869, being the valedictorian of his class. For one year thereafter he taught school at Frankfort, Ky., reading law during that time in the office of the late Col. John Mason Brown. For one year, subsequently, he read law in the office of Pirtle & Caruth, attorneys, Louisville, Ky., was admitted to practice in Louisville, in 1871, came to Cincinnati a few months thereafter, and has engaged in the practice of his profession in that city ever since, for a time being associated with his brother, the late C. Scott Symnies. Mr. Symnies is a Democrat, and has always been actively interested in the work of his party. Though often urged to become a candidate for office, he has invariably declined. He is president of the Tilden Club. His place of residence is at Riverside, and his office in the Pickering building.

Herman Merrell, attorney at law, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, June 30,1849. His education was received in the public schools of his native city. In 1868 he graduated from Hughes High School, then entered the law office of J. F. Baldwin, and became a student of the Cincinnati Law School, from which he who, graduated in 1871. He engaged in the practice of his profession in Cincinnati until January, 1885, when he went to Hillsborough county, Fla., where he was admitted to practice, remaining one year, and from there going to St. Louis, Mo., where he was admitted to practice, there remaining three years. In January, 1889, he returned to Cincinnati to take the position of assistant clerk of the Sinking Fund Trustees, in which capacity he was employed three years, when he resumed the practice of law in the city, and is still engaged therein. In February, 1881, Mr. Merrell was married to Mary, daughter of George Bewley, and three children have been born of this union, viz.: William Stanley, Bewley Edward and George Bewley Merrell. The family reside at Arlington Heights, of which corporation Mr. Merrell is solicitor; they attend the Swedenborgian Church. Mr. Merrell is a son of the late William S. Merrell, a biographical sketch of whom appears in this volume.

William George Roberts, attorney at law. was born in Baltimore, Md., January 12, 1845. He is a son of the late William D. and Mary (Hoburg) Roberts, both natives of Maryland, the former of English, the latter of German, descent. William D. Roberts was an architect by profession, but during the last twelve years of his life was chief judge of the Orphans' Court of Talbot, Maryland.

William G. Roberts received his early education in the public schools of Baltimore, and, later, under private tuition. He studied navigation with a view of devoting his life to seamanship, and received his certificate at Liverpool, England, in 1867. Abandoning that idea, he returned to this country, and began the study of law with Hon. Philip T. Kennard, at Easton, Md., where he was admitted to the Bar in 1871. He formed a law partnership with Judge Henry H. Goldsborough, of that place. The firm shortly thereafter removed to Baltimore, and there remained in practice until November, 1875, when Mr. Roberts came to Cincinnati, and formed a partnership with Hon. George B. Hollister, which continued under the firm name of Hollister & Roberts until 1882, when Howard C. Hollister, son of George B. Hollister, became a member of the firm which was thereafter, and until its dissolution in December, 1892, known as Hollister, Roberts & Hollister. Since the latter date, Mr. Roberts has been engaged in the practice alone. He is a 32nd degree Mason Scottish Rite, and a Knight Templar. He was married February 6, 1877, to Annie M., daughter of William T. Pierson, of Easton, Md. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts reside at Pike and Third streets; they are members of the Wesleyan M. E. Church.

Charles Weight Earnist was born in Richmond, Ind.. December 7, 1847, a son of the late Abraham and Eliza (Ward) Earnist, the former a native of Kentucky, of Irish descent, the latter of Maryland, of English-Scotch lineage. Abraham Earnist, who was many years a merchant of Richmond, Ind., died in 1882; his widow now resides in Richmond. Charles W. Earnist completed his education at the Miami University, graduating therefrom in 1869. He then came to Cincinnati, and read law under the late Judge M. H. Tilden; was graduated from the Cincinnati Law School and admitted to the Bar in 1871; then entered upon the practice of his profession, and is still engaged therein. He was married March 7, 1874, to Emma, daughter of William Hopper, a native of Cincinnati, whose father was among the early settlers of Cincinnati. Two children born of this marriage are George O, a student of Woodward High School, and May. Mr. and Mrs. Earnest reside on Forest avenue, Walnut Hills.

Christian Matthew Lotze was born in Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., Ohio, October 8, 1850, a son of the late Adolphus Lotze, who was a native of the Kingdom of Hanover, born in 1812, and came to this country in 1833, a poor young man, but full of energy and inventive genius. He formed the firm of Lotze & Lohu, in the carrying on of a stove business on the southeast corner of Fifth and Vine streets, Cincinnati, and invented the first warm-air furnace ever manufactured in this country. At the time of his death, December 11, 1877, Adolphus Lotze was the head of the well-known firm of A. Lotze & Sons, manufacturers of ranges and furnaces, now composed of A. H. Lotze, F. B. Lotze and Adolphus Bering. His venerable widow (whose maiden name was Magdalena Bering), the mother of C. M. Lotze, is a native of the Kingdom of Bavaria, and still resides with her unmarried children in Cincinnati, the head of a large family of children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

The subject of this sketch is a graduate of Woodward High School, since 1869; read law under the late Stanley Matthews of the United States Supreme Court, and graduated from the Cincinnati Law School in 1871, after which he attended the universities of Leipsic, Heidelberg and Berlin (Germany) until 1873, when returning to America he began the practice of his profession, in October of that year, in the law offices of Stallo & Kittredge, in Cincinnati. In 1875 he formed the law firm of Lotze & Bettiuger, which continued into the year 1880, since when he has been practicing law, without a partner, in his office in the Wiggins block, which is built on the same corner of Fifth and Vine streets, where his father had his business nearly sixty years ago. On October 5,1876, he re-visited Europe, and there married his cousin, Emma Magdalena Lotze, a daughter of Prof. William Lotze, in the city of Hanover, having become engaged to her in 1871, while studying law in Leipsic. Mr. Lotze is a Democrat in principle, although his father and brothers were all Republicans, becoming a free-trader in his youth at high school and later an enthusiastic supporter of President Cleveland, with whom he had a personal interview in Albany in October, 1884, upon political questions prior to his election to the Presidency, and with whom he found he was in full accord upon the tariff, civil service reform and financial questions. Mr. Lotze has never held office, but has been a candidate for the legislature and for Judge of the Common Pleas Court, though too little of a politician to be successful. He was also identified as a leader in the Municipal Reform movement in April, 1883, and in the Highland House Independent Democratic movement, which held its convention in College Hall in September, 1883, and of which he was chairman. He was president of the Friends of Inquiry, which society became well known and popular by its meetings for social and scientific discussions in the Unitarian edifice on Eighth and Plum streets. He is one of the original and leading advocates of cremation, and together with his brother-inlaw, C. A. Nulsen, Esq, instigated the formation of the Cincinnati Cremation Company, which was formed at his office in September, 1884, and of which he is still one of the officers.

Mr. Lotze and his wife and children—Edmund William Lotze and Erna Magdalen Lotze—reside on East Ridgeway avenue, Avondale. He is in the full vigor of manhood, active in the practice of his chosen profession, and just as enthusiastic as ever in the propagation of his political and philosophical principles of progress.

George William Harding was born in Ripley, Brown Co., Ohio, November 22, 1847. He is a son of the late James S. and Lavina (Frazer) Harding, the former of whom was a native of Virginia, whose father was a soldier in the war of 1812, and whose grandfather was a Revolutionary soldier, of English descent; the mother of our subject was a native of Pennsylvania, of Scotch-Irish descent.

George W. Harding was educated in the schools of his native town, and there began the study of law under the preceptorship of Hon. W. H. Sly. In 1871 he was admitted to the Bar by the District Court at Batavia, Clermont Co., Ohio, entered upon the practice at Aberdeen, where he remained for two years; from there removed to Ripley, where he was located until October, 1879, when he went to Georgetown, and formed a partnership with J. R. Moore, with whom he was associated until 1885, in which year he came to Cincinnati and formed a partnership with A. E. Moore, which partnership was dissolved April 1, 1893. He is now engaged in the practice alone. Mr. Harding is a Democrat, and a member of the Knights of Pythias. He was married June 30, 1873. to Emma E., daughter of the late Thomas Simpson, of Adams county, Ohio, and three children born of this marriage are: Mayme, William G. and Alma. The first named is the wife of James M. Cox, private secretary of Hon. Paul J. Sorg, member of Congress from the Third District of Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Harding reside at No. 253 West Seventh street, and attend the Presbyterian Church.

Thomas Francis Shay, attorney at law, was born in Cincinnati April 7, 1853. He is a soul of the late Thomas and Margaret (Steele) Shay, both of whom were natives of County Longford, Ireland, who came to Cincinnati in their early youth with their fathers' families, and were married here. Mr. Shay was by business a grocer; a Democrat in politics, he was an earnest worker for his party, but never held nor aspired to hold office. He died February 2, 1876; his wife died June 20, 1891.

The subject of this sketch completed his education at St. Xavier's, Cincinnati, in 1870, and began the reading of law in the office of Maj. Charles H. Blackburn, with whom, after his admission to the Bar, he was associated in practice for eleven years, during which period he was one of the counsel in the majority of the important criminal cases in the county and State. He was next associated with the late Michael Kary, afterward, and at present, with Thomas J. Cogan, under the firm name of Shay & Cogan. Mr. Shay is an ardent Democrat, and an active worker for his party. He has served the municipality as a member of the board of education, two years, and a member of the board of aldermen four years, but has been without political aspiration. Mr. Shay was married November 22, 1874, to Josephine, daughter of Jacob Costigan, attorney at law, of Somerset, Ohio. One daughter, Rose, is the issue of this marriage.

Clarence Morris was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, January 1,1844, a son of the late William R. and Sarah (Powers) Morris, the former a native of Ohio, of Welsh descent, the latter of Vermont, of Irish extraction, and a sister of the late Hiram Powers. William R. Morris located in Cincinnati in the "thirties," and was one of the clerical force of the late Mayor Daniel Gano, then clerk of the courts of Hamilton county. He entered upon the practice of law in Cincinnati, and was senior member of the firm of Morris, Tilden & Rairden until 1853 when Mr. Morris retired from the practice. He died May 29, 1859. Clarence Morris was a student in the senior class of Farmers' College, this county, at the breaking out of the war. In August, 1862, he enlisted in Battery H, First Ohio Light Artillery, and served until June 14, 1865, when he was mustered out. He read law at Toledo under the preceptorship of the late Chief Justice M. R. Waite, and was admitted to practice in 1872. He was for two years thereafter located at Toledo, and since then has been engaged in the practice of law in Cincinnati. Mrs. Morris died in November, 1871, leaving two children: Clarence W. and Fannie P., the former of whom died in July, 1892, and the latter resides with her father at Carthage. Mr. Morris is a member of the Christian Church.

William C. Cochran was born at Oberlin, Ohio, March 29, 1848. He is a son of William Cochran, formerly professor of mental and moral philosophy in Oberlin College, and Helen (Finney), daughter of the distinguished theologian and revivalist Charles G. Finney, then president of Oberlin College. His mother, widowed before the birth of the subject of this sketch, married Jacob D. Cox, about a year and a half after. The family removed to Warren, Ohio, where William received his initial

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