person that came to the court with his sword to kill the CHAP. queen] "was strangled, because he should not shame his_ V.

"adversaries. Anno 1586.

"Some among them said, that it would never be merry "world until the Scots queen reigned in England, and her "son in Scotland. Some said, that the queen's majesty "should not reign; and that she will not reign[meaning, as it seems, in respect of the attempts to be made upon her, or of the prophecies that went of her death, or both.] "Topcliff added, that he knew them that would lay their "lives of it. For God (said they) will not suffer her to "live. For foreign princes will invade this realm by Scot"land, which is the only way to hope of."

This is an exact copy of this declaration to the lords by this gentleman; which I give at length, and will further discover the practices and malice of these popish recusants and priests, and in what danger the state was by reason of them.

By the means of this Topcliff, many of these priests, and other of that religion, were taken. Among the rest were one Cotton, a notable Jesuit, who went by the name of Martin, and Martin Ara; and Gervase Perpoint, a gentleman, who had been in the Tower before. Both these were, the 16th day of June, brought before Richard Young, an active justice of peace in London; and the examinations sent up to court.

Cotton confessed that he was a seminary priest, so made 422 at Doway, by the bishop of Cambray, and brought upCotfon>B twelve years in the university of Lovain. That he went to priest, ws Rome, where he stayed 18 months in the hospital. That heconfeMion. came into England about six years ago, and made his abode most about the city. That he lodged at Southwark, Lambeth, and other places. That he went into Hampshire, to see if he could live quietly there. That he inquired how the bishop of Winchester [in whose diocese that county was] behaved himself towards the recusants; and hearing that he was very troublesome, he found there was no staying for

BOOK him there; and so returned to Guilford; and so came back II. to London: and that he heard no bruits or reports in his Anno 1586.journey, but that the poorer sort were ready to break down barns to get corn. That he knew Mr. Gervase Perpoint, and had been with him several times, but that he durst not suffer him to lay there, the law was so rigorous, [viz. against harbouring recusants.] And much more is read in his confession: but very wary in all. As particularly refusing to tell where the apparel, linen, and books were, used by him, as it seems, at the celebration of mass; and denying to take his oath to answer any matters concerning the state of the realm, now when Babington's plot and the invasion of the realm was hatching. The refusing to take the like oath did Perpoint make, upon his examination, as appears by what follows: which no question was done by agreement of the party.

Perpoint's Perpoint was examined at the same day by Young. He denied to take his oath to make answer to any matter concerning the state of the realm. That he had lain at a house in the Old Change ever since he came out of the Tower; which was ever since Christmas was twelvemonth. Denied that he knew Martin Ara, alias Cotton, or one Heywood, alias Blythe, [another priest.] But it was proved to the contrary that he knew both. That he, and divers others with him, went on a Sunday, such a day in June, at eight o'clock in the morning, to sir Tho. Fitzherbert's house; but heard no service [mass] there, &c. But I leave the whole examinations of these two notable papists to be read in the

N°.xiv. Appendix, from the original.

CHAP.

CHAP. VI. Vi.

Anthony Tyrril, priest, his confession in letters to theAaD0 1586. queen and lord treasurer. His discoveries of the Jesuits, ^ &[c. His recantation. His revolt: and his letter to the queen after it. A discourse proving the treason of priests executed. Divers tracts and speeches concerning the papists; and concerning the dealings with them. Cardinal Allen's concern with sir Edward Stanley in betraying Deventer to the Spaniard. He, with the pope, moves for an English seminary of soldiers. Writes a book for them.

Among the rest of the priests taken up at this danger-Anthony ous juncture, was one Anthony Tyrrel, of a good family, JriSj'hu who came over with Ballard. He seemed very penitent, and confession very frank in his confession of himself, and what he knewan story' of others and of their practices. He renounced popery, and pretended to turn to the protestant religion; but getting his liberty, revolted back. After which, taken again, he turned again, and denied what he had before confessed. But the queen became exceedingly offended with him; and so was the lord treasurer. Whereat he addressed an humble letter to her, and some others to that lord. Which being so remarkable, and discovering such a character of a Romish priest, I shall set down somewhat at length, from the said Tyrril's own letters.

One whereof, dated in July this year, was to the said His letter lord treasurer Burghley: which he seems to have writ not long after his submission to the queen. It ran to this tenor:

"Right honourable, &c. That being by God's provi"dence made captive, and brought thereby into the danger "of her majesty's penal and capital laws, he thought it his "duty to humble himself unto her majesty's mercy. For "the better acquiring whereof, he knew none who gave "him greater comfort, or hope of favour, or help, than "his honourable lordship: partly in respect of the great "favour he had found at his lordship's hands heretofore;

to the treasurer.

BOOK "and partly for the honourable favour and good-will which ll. "he knew his lordship bare unto his poor house and family. Addois86." But that chiefly for that always his poor father had a "special affection unto him.

"That his religion and order set apart, (both which "might make him seem odious unto her majesty, and "contemptible unto his honour,) he protested that no man "living could impeach him with the least fault that might"be offensive unto her highness, or hurtful to the state

"That he did bear as humble and dutiful mind unto his 424 " gracious queen and sovereign as any subject might or "could. For that, besides his natural duty he owed unto "her majesty, both before God and in conscience, her "grace's particular favours and bountiful rewards towards "the maintenance of his poor father bound him always in "heart to honour and love her. That he hated from his "heart always the company of those, were they of his own "religion or otherwise, that would pretend to practise any "thing against her majesty's person. And that if any such "whatsoever were so convicted by law, he thought them "worthy of their deserving.

"That in places of his travel beyond the seas, where "men were most prone to open their stomachs, if any dis"honoured or mistermed her majesty's royal person, he "contemned them, controlled them, and kept them (unless "by necessity he were constrained) no longer company. "That since his coming into his country, where he had con"versed, being priest, for the space of four or five years, "he had at home so behaved himself, as he had neither "spoken, written, nor practised any thing offensive to her "majesty, or hurtful to the state, the zeal of his function "only excepted: which he had done so seldom and so wa"rily as possibly he could devise.

"This being true, as he protested before his Lord God "to be true; and perceiving how gracious her majesty was "inclined even to those of his own profession, as were not "capital offenders, otherwise than in matters of mere reli"gion and conscience, he conceived some hope that the "rigour of her majesty's laws would not be extended to- CHAP. "wards him without other special cause of offence. That V1,

"he had obtained licence from the right worshipful Mr.Anno 1586.

"Young, [a justice of peace in London, who, it seems, had

"committed him,] to address his humble letters unto his

"honour. These were therefore most humbly, upon his

"knees, to crave such favour at his lordship's hands, as it

"might please God, her majesty, and his honour's good

"liking, to have extended to a man of his quality and con

"dition; the like favour whatsoever he should, during his

"life, pray Almighty God that his lordship might find at

"the tribunal seat of the omnipotent Majesty, &c.

"That matters of import he had none, because he never "listed to be acquainted with any. That if hereafter he "heard of any, I bind myself, (these are his words,) if they "shall concern her majesty's person, or the subversion of "my country, that I shall, in most faithful and dutiful "manner, reveal them unto you. Thus most humbly he "took his leave, from the place of his imprisonment. Sub"scribing,

"Your honour's poor suppliant and orator during life,

"Ankh. Tyrrel."

Tyrrel soon after repenteth, declaims against his false religion, that led him into such disloyal and wicked practices; makes Jgreat discoveries of fugitives and the fatal enemies of the queen and kingdom: unless hypocrisy were all this while at the bottom. For thus I leave him to de-425 clare himself, in another letter, writ in August, a month after the former, to the said lord, in these words:

"Right honourable, I am especially moved to have re- Tjmri's let"course still unto your good lordship. The cause im-^["^*" "porteth not a little, for it concerneth her majesty, thetreas°nable "state of her whole realm, and myself. Her majesty, forpractlce*• "that I am to discover a number of treasonable practices, "that have been directly committed against her; whereby "her majesty's person may safely be preserved by the root"ing out of the corrupt and wicked members. Her whole

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