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• The King's Children and Grandchildren.

• Brethren.

• Uncles.

• Nephews.

• Archbishop of Canterbury.

• Lord Chancellor, or Lord Keeper, if a Baron.

• Archbishop of York.

• Lord Treasurer.

• Lord President of the Council.

• Lord Privy Seal.
"Lord Great Chamberlain, (a)

• Lord High Constable.

• Earl Marshal.

• Lord High Admiral.

• Lord Steward of the Household.

• Lord ChambeTlain of the Household. J

• Dukes.

• Marquesses.
i Dukes' eldest sons.

• Earls.

X Marquess' eldest sons.
J Dukes' younger sons.

• Viscounts,
t Earls' eldest sons,
t Marquess' younger sons.

• Secretary of State, if a Bishop.

• Bishop of London.

• of Durham.

• of Winchester.

• Bishops.

• Secretary of State, if a Baron.

• Barons.

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Speaker of the House of Commons.
Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal.
Viscounts' eldest sons.
Earls' youngest sons.
Barons' eldest sons.
Knights of the Garter.
Privy Councillors.
Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Chancellor of the Duchy.
Chief Justice of the King's Bench.
Master of the Rolls.
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
Chief Baron of the Exchequer.
Judges and Barons of the Coif.
Knights bannerets Hoyal.
Viscounts' younger sons.
Barons' younger sons.
Baronets.
KnigbU-banuercts.
Knights Grand Crosses of the Bath.
Knights Commanders of the I
Knights Bachelors.
Baronets' eldest son
Knights' eldest som
Colonels.

Baronets' younger i
Knights' younger s<
Serjeants-at-law.
Doctors.
Esquires.

Companions of the 1
Gentlemen.

Married ladies and widows are entitled to the same rank amongst each other, as their husbands would respectively hare borne between themselves, except such rank is merely professional or official; and unmarried ladies to the same rank as their eldest brother would bear amongst men, during the lives of their fathers.

Valvasors.—The first name of dignity, next beneath a peer, was anciently that of f'idames, Vicfftomini, or Valvasor, who are mentioned by our ancient lawyers, as virt magna: dignitatis, and Sir Edward Coke speaks highly of them. Yet they are at present entirely out of use; and our legal antiquaries are not agreed upon even their original or ancient ofhce. Now, therefore, the first personal dignity, after the nobility, is a Knight of the Order of St. George, or of the Carter, first instituted by Edward III., anno 1344.—Blackstone.

(a) Lord Great Chamberlain, when in actual performance of official duty, statute 1 George I.

II. 4 Y 713

MOTTOES, WITH TRANSLATIONS.

D. Duke. M. Marquess. E. Earl. V. Viscount. B. Baron. Bt. Baronet.

Absque labore nihil. Without labour nothing. Steele, Bt.

A cruce salus. Salvation through the Cross. Mayo, E. Dowues, B.

A cuspide corona. A crown by the lance. Middleton, V.

A Deo et rege. From God and the king. Chesterfield, Stanhope. Harrington, Earls.
A fin. To the end. Airlie, E.

A la rolonte de Dieu. At the will of God. Strickland, Bt.

Alba de Tonnes. Hamilton, Bt. .'

A ma puissance. To my power. Stamford, E.

Accendit cantu. He animates by crowing. Cockburn, Bt.

Advance with courage. Majoribanks, Bt.

vEquabiliter et diligenter. With justice and diligence. Redesdale, B.
^quam servare mentem. To preserve an equal mind. Rivers, B. Green, Bt.
VEquanimiter. Justly. Suftield, B.

>Equo adeste animo. Be present with mind unchangeable. Cope, Bt.

/Eqtto pede propera. Hasten forward in a steady pace. East, Bt.

Agincourt. Wodehouse, B.

Aides, Dieu. Help, O God. Mill, Bt.

Algiers. Exmouth, V.

Ales volat propriis. The bird flies to Us own. Thanet, E.

AUeluiah. Tuite, Bt.

Alia ta Hara. Mildmay, Bt.

Altiora in votis. Greater things are the objects of my wishes. Dea Vceux, Bt.

Aldus ibunt, qui ad gumma nituntur. They will attain a higher point who direct their tninds

to things the most exalted. Forbes, Bt.
Altius ten do. / aim at a higher object. Kenlock, Bt.

Amicitiss virtutis que foedus. The league of friendship and virtue. Hippesley, Bt.
Amo. I love. Buccleuch, D.

Amat rictoria curam. Victory loves care. Clerk, Bt.
Anchor, fast anchor. Gray, Bt.

Animis et fato. To courage and to fate. Thriepland, Bt.

Animo et fide. By courage and faith. Guilford, E.

Animo non aatutia. By courage, not by craft. Gordon, D. Gordon, Bt.

Animus non deficit aequns. A just mind is not wanting. Willoughby D'Ereaby, B.

Animus tamen idem. My mind yet the same. Cuffe, Bt.

Animum rege. Rule thy mind. Keith, Bt.

Antiquum obtinens. Possessing antiquity. Bagot, B.

Aperto virere TOto. To live without a wish concealed. Aylesford, E.

Appetitutt rationi pareat. Let desire obey reason. Fioswilliam, R.

Aquila non captat muscas. The eagle catches not flies. Graves, B.

Ardua petit ardea. The heron seeks high places. Heron, Bt.

Aspiro. / aspire. Ramsay, Bt.

Astra, castra; nam en, lumen, xnunimen. The stars, my canopy; the Deity my director, my

safeguard. Balcarres, E.
At spes non fracta. But my hope is not broken. Hopetown, E. Hope, Bt.
Au bon droit. To the just right. Egremont, E.

Au plaisir fort de Dieu. At the mighty will of God. Mount-Edgecombe, E.
Auctor pretiwa facit. The giver makes them valuable. Buckinghamshire, E.
Audaces fortuna jurat. Fortune favors the brave. King, Bt.
Audacter et sincere. Boldly and sincerely. Powis, E.

Auspice Christo. Christ bring guide. Wenlock, B. Davie, Bt.

Auspiciam melioris wvi. A pledge of better time. St. Albans, D.

Ant nunquam ten tea, ant perfice. Either never attempt, or accomplish. Dorset, D.

Auxilio divino. By divine assistance. Drake, Bt.

Aux ilium meum & domino. My help from the Lord. Mostyn, Bt. Price, Bt.
Auxilium ab alto. Help from above. Clonbrock, B. Martin, Bt.
Avance. Advance. Portmore, E.
Avances. Advance. Hill, B. Hill, Bart.
Avant Before, Stewart, Bt.

Avi uumerantnr avorum. A long line of ancestors are enumerated. Grantley, B.
Arise la fin. Consider the end. Ailsa, M.

Avito viret honore. He flourishes teith ancestorial honor. Bute, H. Wharnclifife, B. Stewart de Rothsay, B.

Aymea loyaulte. Love loyalty. Winchester, M. Bolton, B.

Basis virtutura constantia. Constancy is the foundation of virtues. Hereford. V.

Be fast. Mexborough, E.

Be just and fear not. Lifford, V.

Be mindful. Cawdor, B. Campbell, Bt.

Be right and persist. Young, Bt.

Bear and forbear. Longford, V. Moreland, Bt.

Bella! horridabeUa! Wars.' horrid wars f Lisle, V.

Benigno numine. Under a propitious divinity. Chatham, E.

Boulogne et Cadix. Hey gate, Bt.

Bis vivit qui bene. He lives twice who lives well. Becber, Bt.

Bydand. Gordon, Bt.

By faith we are saved. Cathcart, Bt.

Cadarn yr cyfrwys. Strong and dexterous. Williams, Bt.

Candide et oonstanter. Candidly and constantly. Coventry, E.

Candide, secure. Honestly, safely. Lynedoch, B.

Candide sed caute. Candidly but cautiously. Sinclair, Bt.

Cassis tutissima virtus. Virtue is the safest helmet. Cholmondeley, M. Delaniere, B.

Cause caused it. Klphinston, B.

Cave adsum. Beware, I am present. Jardine, Bt.

Cavendo tutus. Safe, by being cautious. Devonshire, D. Waterpark, B. Burlington, E.

Cedant anna toga?. Let arms yield to the toga. Read, Bt.

Certnm pete fin em. Aim at a sure end. Thompson, Bt.

Certa cruce salus. Certain salvation through the cross. Kinnaird, B.

Chase. Geary, Bt,

Che sara, sara. What will be, will be. Bedford, D. Russell, Bt.
Cio che Dio vuole, io voglio. What Cod wills I will. Dormer, B.
Christi crux est mea lux. The cross of Christ is my light. North cote, Bt.
C'larior e tenebris. Brighter from obscurity. Miltown, E. Pules ton, Bt.
dementia et animis. By clemency and courage. Panmure, B.
Coslestia canimus. We sing of heavenly things. Synge, Bt.
Ccclitus mihi vires. My strength is from heaven. Ranelagh, V.

Coelum non animum. You may change your climate, not your mind. Waldegrave, E.
Comme je fus. As I hate been. Dudley, E.

Comme je trouve. As I find. Ormond, M. Galmoye, V. Butler, Bt.
Commit thy work to God. Caithness, E.

Compotfituni jus fas que animi. Law and equity united. Ellenborough, E.
Concordant nomine facta. Our deeds agree with our name. Grace, Bt.
Concordia crescimus. We increase by concord. Bromhead, B.
Confido. / trust. Boyd, Bt.

Conquiesco. / am at rest. Headfort, M. Metcalfe, Bt.

Consequitur qnodcunque petit. He obtains whatever he seeks. Headford, M.

Consilio et prudentia. By wisdom and prudence. Clancarty, E.

Cousilio et animo. By wisdom and courage. Lauderdale, E. Maitland, Bt.

Consilio non impetu. By council not force. Agnew, Bt.

Constans fidei. Steady to trust. Ridley, Bt.

Constantia et virtute. By constancy and virtue. Amherst, B.

Contentement passe richesee. Contentment surpasses riches. Bowyer, Bt.

Cor nobyle, cor immobyle. A heart noble, a mind determined. Vivian, Ut.

Cor unum, via una. One heart, one way. Exeter, M.

Cords serata pnndo. / lay open locked hearts. Lockhart, Bt.

Corona mea Christus. Christ my crown. Chetwode, Bt.

Coronat fides. Faith crowns. Pringle, Bt.

Courage. Courage. Camming, Bt. Gordon, Bt.
Courage sans peur. Courage with naught of fear. Gage, V.
Craignez honte. Fear shame. Portland, D.
Crede Byron. Trust Byron. Byron, B.

Crescit sub pondere Tirtus. Virtue grows under the imposed weight. This idea owes its origin to the Palm-tree, which, according to the received opinion, grows the more in proportion to the incumbent weight. Denbigh, E. Chapman, Bt.

Crom-a-boo. Crom, (acastle formerly belonging to the Fitzgerald*,) to victory* Leinster, D. Dc
Ros, B.

Cruci dum spiro fido. Whilst I breathe, I trust in the cross. Galway, V.
Crux Christi nostra corona. The cross of Christ is our crown. Berkley, Bt.
Cora et candore. With care and frankness. Cunningham, Bt.
Cura quietem. Study quiet. Hall, Bt.

Data fata secutus. Following his declared fate. St. John, B.

Dat deus incrementum. God giveth increase. Crofton, B. Crofton, Bt.

De bon vouloir servir le roy. To serve the king with good will. Tankerrille, E. Grey, K.

Grey, Bt. Der.kan. Hislop, Bt.

DecrcTi. / have decreed. Westmeath, M. Nugent, Bt.

Decus summum Tirtus. Virtue the highest honor. Holbourne, Bt,

Deeds show. Ruthven, B.

Dei memor, gratus amicis. Mindful of God, grateful to friends. Antrobus, Bt.
Delectare in domino. To rejoice in the Lord. Poltimore, R.

Deo adjuvante non timenduin. Cod assisting, nothing is to be feared. FitzwiUiam, V.
Deo adjuvante fortuna scquatur. Cod assisting, fortune may follow. Exmouth, V.
Deo date. Give to God. Arundel, of Wardour, B.

Deo duce decrevi. Under God's direction J have decreed. H aim age, Bt.

Deo duce, ferro comitante. God being my guide, and my sword my companion. Charlc mont, E.

Deo et principe. For God and my prince. Lamb, Bt.

Deo, non fortuna. From God, not fortune. Digby, E.

Deo, patriie, amicis. To God, my country, and friends. Colchester, B.

Deo, regi, patrite. To God, my king, and country. Fevershum, B.

Deo regique liber. Johnson, Bt.

Depressus extollor. Having been depressed, I am exalted. Mountgarret, V. Kilkenny, E. Despicio terrena, solem contemplor. I despise earthly things, and contemplate the Sum. Bedingficld, Bt.

Devant si je puis. Foremost, if I can. Main waring, Bt.
Deum time. Fear God. Murray, Bt.

Dcum cole, regem scrva. Worship God, serve the king. Enniskillen, E.

Deus major columna. God greater than a column. Henniker, B. Henniker, Bt.

Deus mini providebit. God will provide for me. Goold, Bt. Burton, Bt.

Deus pascit corvos. God feeds the ravens. Bridges, Corbet, Jones, Bts.

Deus prosperat justos. God makes the just prosper. Heath cote, Bt.

Deu avec nous. God with us. Berkely, E.

Dieu ayde. God aids. Montmorres, V. Frankfort de Montmorency, V.

Dieu defend le droit. God defends the right. Spencer, E. Churchill, B.

DiKt' Et Mon Droit. Goii And My RIGHT. Motto of the Sovereigns of Great Britain.

Diflicilia quw pulchra. Fair things arc difficult of attainment. Elford, Bt.

Disciplina, fide, persevcrantia. By discipline, fidelity, and perseverance. Duckworth, Bt.

Discite justitiam moniti. Learn justice, being admonished. Russel, Bt.

Disponendo me, non mutando me. By disposing of me, not by changing me. Manchester, D.
Divini gloria runs. The glory of the heavenly abode. Ferrard, V.
Do well and doubt not. Blakiston, Bt.
Do no yll, quoth Doyle. Doyley, Bt.
Do or die. Douglas, Bt.

Domini factum est. It is the Lord's doing. Scott, Bt.

Dominus providebit. The Lord will provide. Glasgow, E.

Dread God. Kenmure, V. Carnegie, Bt. Gordon, Bt. Monro, Bt.

Dread shame. Leighton, Rt.

Droit et avant. Bight and forward. Sydney, V.

Droit et loyal. Just and loyal. Hunting-field, B.

Ducit amor patria:. The love of country lends. Phillips, Bt.

Dulcius ex asperis. Sweeter because with difficulty obtained. Fergusson, Bt.

Dura spiro spero. While I breathe I hope. Dillon, V.

Dum aisto vigilo. IVhilst I sta/ut I watch. Gordon, Bt.

En dieu est mon esperance. In God is my hope. Gerard, Bt. Wentworth, Bt.
En grace affie. On grace depend. Cardigan, E. Grace, Bt.
En la rose je fleurie. I flourish in the rose, Richmond, D.
En suivant la verite. In following truth. Portsmouth, E.
Erectus non elatus. Exalted not elated. Beaumont, Bt.

Esperance en dieu. Hope in God. Northumberland, D. Beverley, E. Prudhoe, B.
Essayez. Try. Dundas, B.

Esse quam videri. To be rather than to appear. Winterton, E. Croft, St. Paul, Boevey, Bts.
Esto quod esse videris. Be what thou seemest to be. Sondes, B.
Eeto semper fidelis. Be ever faithful. Yea, -Bt.
Esto sol testis. Let the sun be a witness. Jones, Bt.
Equanimiter. With equanimity. Sheffield, E.

Et decuB et pretium recti. Both the ornament and reward of integrity. Grafton, D. Southampton, B.

Et juste et vrai. Both just and true. Wray, Bt.

Et mea messis erit. And my harvest will arrive. Denny, Bt.

Et nos quoque tela sparaimus. And we too have hurled our javelins. Hastings, M.
Et vitam impendere vero. To sacrifice even life to truth. Holland, B.
Et vi et virtute. Both by strength and virtue. Baird, Bt. Burrowes, Bt.
E'en do but spair nocht. Murray, Bt.

Excitari non hebescere. To be animated, not to become inactive. Walsingham, B.
Extant recte factis proamia. Rewards are justly given to deeds. Coffin, Bt.
Ex fide fortis. Strong through faith. Beauchamp, E.

Facie tenus. Up to the mark. This translation for want of a better, has been adopted by the

family. Wheler, Bt.
Faire mon devoir. To do my duty. Roden, E.
Faire sans dire. To do without boasting. Ilchester, E.
Famam extendere factis. To extend fame by deeds. Galway, V.
Fama semper vivet. Fame lives for ever. Ravensworth, B.
Familias firmat pietas. Virtue strengthens families. Wardlaw, Bt.
Fare, fac. Speak, do (i.e. do what you say.) Fairfax, Bt.
Pari qua? sentiat. To say what he may think. Oxford, E.

Fax mentis honestae gloria. Glory is the incitement of a noble mind. Forbes, Bt.

Fax mentis incendium gloria?. The incitement of glory is the fire-brand of the mind.

Granard, E.
Fear God in life. Somerville, B.
Fear to transgress. Clonmell, E.

Feret ad antra virtus. Virtue will bear you to the skies. Kellet, Bt.

Festina lente. Hasten forward with caution. Fingall, E. Plunket, Dunsany, Lowth, B.

Trotter, Bt. and likewise as a jeu de mots, by Sir Henry On-slow.
Fiat Dei voluntas. God's will be done. Meredith, Bt.
Fide et fiducia. With faith and trust. Harnage, Bt. Rose be ry, E.
Fide ettamore. By fidelity and love. Hertford, M. Carden, Bt.
Fide et fortitudine. By fidelity and fortitude. Essex, E.
Fide et virtute. Through faith and virtue. Gooch, Bt.
Fide non arm is. By faith not arms. Gambier, B.

Fide sed cui vide. Have confidence, but see well in whom thou place st it. Astley, Bt. Stapylton, Bt.

Fidei coticula crux. Th* cross is the test of faith. Baker, Bt. Jersey, E. Clarendon, E. Fideliter. Faithfully. Cunliffe, Bt.

Fideli certa merces. To the faithful man there is a certain reward. Morley, E.

Fides probata, coronat. Tried faith crowns. Campbell, Bt.

Fidelite est de Dieu. Fidelity is of God. Powerscourt, V.

Fides sufficit. Faith sufficcth. Halket, Bt.

Fidera parit integritas. Integrity produce th faith. Kaye, Bt.

Fidus et audax. Faithful and Itold. Slade, Bt. Lismore, V.

Fiel pero desdichado. Faithful though unfortunate. Marlborough, D.

Fight. Roslyn, E. Sinclair, B.

Firm. Reid, Bt. Stair, E. Dalrymple, Bt. Walsh, Bt. Hay-Dalryrople, Bt. Hamilton, Bt.
Firm to my trust. Glyn, Bt.

Firmior quo paratiur. The more prepared, the more powerful. Selkirk, E.
Finis coronat opus. The end crowns the work. Baker, Bt.
Finem respice. Consider the end. Darnley, E.
Firmitas in ccelo. Stability In Heaven. St. George. Bt.

Firmum in vita nihil. Nothing is stable in life. Bunbury, Bt. Richardson, Bt.
Flecti non frangi. To bend, not to break. Palmerston, V.

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