day, and was an enterprising one, having no money when he came here. When he left the county for Indiana, in 1819 or 1820, he owned 240 acres of land. His children were named George, John, Henry, Frederick, David and Gideon. Elizabeth and Catharine were the daughters. Only our subject and Gideon, who lives in Iowa, are living. David was born in Virginia Sept. 9, 1800, and was married, in 1821, to Elizabeth Pence. Their name figures extensively in this history. David and his wife were parents of seven children, only three—Louisa M., Mary A. and George S.—are living. Mrs. S. died in 1833, and in 1835 David married Lucy Games, of Virginia, where she was born, Feb. 22, 1813. By her he had eight children, five of whom are living— Caroline, Elizabeth, Amanda, John and Gideon. David started ia life with $50. which was spent in trying to regain his health, which was very poor in his younger days. He went bravely to work, married a wife, and commenced life in earnest. This reminds us of a story which Mr. Steinberger relates: "A man (name forgotten) with whom David stayed all night, on Little Flat Rock, Indiana, married his wife when she was only 15 years of age. They had been married fifteen years and had fifteen children, whose mother was only 30 years of age. When they were married, they had not a dollar, and after rearing this large family they had bought and paid for 400 acres of land, and were then engaged in building a mill." After sixty years of toil, commencing without any capital, except a pair of willing hands, Mr. Steinberger is now the owner of 952 acres of land, worth $75,000, not counting personal property, etc., and also a residence in Urbana. All this was gained by honest toil and economy. Both himself and wife are of the Baptist faith, and are now living at their ease on the farm, near the mills that bear his name. Politically, he is Democratic, one of the substantial kind, and is honored and respected by the best citizens of Champaign County.

SIMEON TAYLOR, farmer and Justice of the Peace; P. 0. Westville. The subject of this sketch is one of the prominent men of Mad River Township; he is a son of Benjamin S. and Sarah (Miller) Taylor. Benjamin was a native of Tennessee, coming to this county probably in 1810; he was born July 24, 1805. Sarah Miller, his wife, was born July 31, 1796, in Loudoun Co., Va.; her parents emigrated to this county in 1818. Benjamin Taylor and Sarah Miller were married July 28, 1830; they were parents of three children—Sarah A., Darius, and Simeon, our subject; all the children are married and living in this county. Simeon was born June 7, 1838, and his boyhood was spent on the farm; he attended high school in Urbana in 1859 and 1860, and afterward attended mercantile college at Cleveland, Ohio; he commenced teaching school in the winter of 1860, and was, for eight consecutive terms, teacher in his own district; he engaged afterward in teaching for several terms, and acquired a good record, as may be known by his long continuance in the same district. During this time, he became engaged to and married Miss Susan Ward, Oct. 1, 1863, since which time he has devoted his attention almost exclusively to agricultural pursuits; they have four children—Alonzo W., Laura O., David E. and Bertha R.; Alonzo was born April 5, 1866; Laura, Feb. 22, 1868; David, July 24, 1870; and Bertha, Sept 2. 1872. Mr. Taylor was Township Treasurer in 1871, and, in the fall of 1878, was elected Justice of the Peace of Mad River Township; his judgment as a Justice is good, having as yet no decisions reversed; he takes the place of Squire David Loudenback, universally acknowledged one of the best Justices ever serving in this township. Mr. Taylor has lately purchased the farm upon which he now resides, and is fitting it up nicely; he has recently built a fine barn, and otherwise added much to the beauty and convenience of the farm. His parents were among the pioneers of this county, and did their share toward its development; his mother was one of ten children, of whom Mary, the eldest (now 92 years of age), is still living; also one brother, Nathan, aged 76, who resides in Sangamon Co., Ill.; many of the old veterans have passed away since their time, and they, too, will soon take their departure. Mr. Taylor's parents died—the father, in 1854, and the wife and mother in 1880; they were estimable people, and their children do honor to their name. Mr. Taylor owns 224 acres of fine land, which brings him a nice revenue; he lives at his ease, one mile west of the village of Westville, and devotes his time to superintending his estates and attending to his official duties; he is a prominent member of the I. O. O. F., and also of the Grange. Mrs. Taylor is a direct descendant of the first settlers of this county, her father, Noah Ward, dying when she was quite young; her grandfather, George Ward, reared a large family, which is well represented in this township. Mr. and Mrs. Taylor are both members of the M. E. Church; their home is a pleasant one, and a more genial host and hostess will be hard to find.

JAMES E. VINCENT, miller, Urbana. This gentleman is one of the prominent business men of Mad River Township. He came to Westville Nov. 13, 1857, bringing with him his young wife Adelaide V., daughter of William and Annie Catlett, of Virginia; she is the youngest of eighteen children, and Mr. Vincent the eldest of twelve. Mr. Vincent was the owner of a team, had a $20 gold piece and 80 cents in silver upon his arrival, and by his own industry and honesty now represents a business of $250,000 per year. His father was a miller, from whom he learned his trade, and their ancestry for almost a century have been connected with this business. Mr. Vincent has for thirty-five years been a master mechanic, and to-day stands at the head of his trade ; his flour is worth from 50 to 75 cents per barrel more than any other mill in the county; his trade in New York alone averages $1,000 per week, and the custom work also averaging 1,000 bushels per month. As a man, he is the equal of any of our townsmen for veracity and correctness of purpose. His children may always look with pride upon their line of ancestry. He is one of the few Virginians in this locality who is a Republican. His children are six in number, five living—Alton F., William E., Joseph, Emma and Ada. The saw-mill in connection with his flouring establishment annually cuts 2,500,000 feet of lumber. His books are systematically kept and will show a balance in his favor equaling that of any miller in the county. He is full of the oldtime cordiality, and is an honor to the community in which he lives. •

SYLVESTER WARD, farmer; P. O. Westville. We are proud of the representatives of so large a number of the pioneer families of this township. Although many of the early pioneers are gone, their children still live, and can give much valuable information in regard to the first settlements and the style and manner of living. The parents of Mr. Ward, our subject, were of the old Virginia stock; they were not the first settlers in this township, but came here about 1815. They settled on the farm now the property of Mr. Ward, and built a cabin in the dense woods. He probably entered the land, as there was considerable Government land. Most of the settlers were natives of Shenandoah Co., Va., as were the parents of Sylvester Ward. The neighbors helped each other roll the logs together, as they had to be burned to make room for the crops. There were numerous Indian camps in the neighborhood when George Ward and his wife came, but during the next few years all went further West. The children were ten in number, and they were able to do much toward helping to clear up the land. The old structure called "Gard's Mill" was the first one erected in this neighborhood; this was long since pulled down. Game was plenty, but very few of the early settlers took much time to hunt. They carried their produce to Cincinnati on wagons; corn was then carted from this place to that city and sold for 20 to 25 cents per bushel. In all this work, women as well as men did their share. They could chop and grub, and some of them could reap wheat equal to any of the men. Wages were low, harvest hands getting 50 cents per day. The first church was built on the site now occupied by the Nettle Creek Baptist Church, and the Baptists formed the first congregation. Harrison Faulkner was the first teacher Sylvester had, and the log schoolhouse was furnished with seats made by splitting logs and putting in wooden pins for legs, without backs. Order was the subject most thoroughly taught, and the education of most of the children at that time was limited. Sylvester was born in 1826, and, after helping his father clear and otherwise improve his land until the age of 25, was married to Miss Louisa A. Smith, in 1851; they commenced housekeeping in a little house in his father's yard; this structure is still standing. Their life

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was passed as those of most people engaged in agricultural pursuits, steadily increasing their possessions, and daily becoming, by energy and economy, more wealthy, until they now rank among the rich people of the township. They have four children—Philander, Loretta, Fernando and Runetta; Philander married Mary Straddling, of this county, and resides near the old farm; Loretta is the wife of James M. Frank, also living in this county; and Runetta married Elijah Heck, of Champaign Co., and resides near St. Paris. The old homestead is in possession of Mr. Ward, who has added a number of acres since commencing business. He is a solid Democrat, and is also one of the most highly respected men of his neighborhood. His residence is a nice one; he is a genial host, and his lady one of the neatest housewives to be found.

SYLVANUS 8. WARD, farmer; P. 0. Westville. One of the pioneers of this county was George Ward, who came here about 1815 and settled near the farm that is now owned by his son, whose name heads this sketch. George and his wife, Catharine Strickler, were both born in Shenandoah Co., Va. They were married and had three children before coming to Ohio—Barbara, Maria and Noah. The land was then open for entry, and, although the beautiful Mad River Valley waa unclaimed as yet, he preferred the upland, which to him seemed most desirable, as (coming from the mountainous regions of Virginia) it seemed level enough for farming purposes. The people then thought that springs afforded the only water fit to be used, and as there were plenty along the ravines, they preferred a home in close proximity to such conveniences as they were accustomed to. There were still Indians in the neighborhood, who frequently came in for something to eat; they were always friendly and well disposed. George entered a tract of land and erected a small cabin, that was succeeded by a hewed-los house. Clearing was the general occupation of the settlers, except those that preferred hunting and trapping, of whom we have already several accounts. The settlements were largely increased, mostly by emigrants from Virginia. The family of George increased from three to eleven children, among them were twins; they were of much service in helping to clear up the land and get it ready for the plough. The names of the children were Ambrose, Jerusha, Gideon, Joseph, Sylvanus and Sylvester (twins), Ededemon and Sabra. Noah and Ambrose are the only children now deceased. Their descendants are numerous, and mostly live in this county. The death of the father occurred in 1867,and that of the wife and mother two years later; they were a highly estimable couple, and lived to see the dream of their youthful days realized. Sylvanus was married to Priscilla Smith, whose grandfather was one of the first settlers of this township; the wedding was celebrated in 1849, since which time they have followed in the footsteps of their ancestors, beginning where they left off, and to-day, the log cabin first erected, is replaced by a stately residence. They are the parents of eleven children, ten sons and one daughter; they were named Franklin, Edwin, Eusebia, Theodore, Noah. Clement V., Smith, Thompson P., Charles H., Oren H. and Sylvan 0.; Edwin was married to Miss Isabel B. Loudenback, Eusebia wedded Thomas W. Jenkins; there are sons enough to perpetuate the family name for centuries to come. This is one of the first families in the neighborhood, social, refined and highly respected. Mr. Ward is a Democratic bred and born, and is always at the polls on election day; both himself and wife are members of the Old-School Baptist Church, and are rearing their family in accordance with its teachings.

NELSON WEAVER, farmer; P. 0. Terre Haute. William and Mary E. Weaver, the parents of our subject, came to this county in 1803; they were natives of Virginia, and emigrated from that State to Kentucky, and afterward came to this county at the time previously mentioned; they entered the land now the farm of our subject, which was from a dense forest transformed into a fertile and beautiful farm. The settlers built a block-house on what is called the Ross farm, for the protection of their families from the Indians, which at that time were very numerous; several skirmishes took place between the early settlers and Indians, but no pitched battle. William and Mary Weaver were parents of fourteen children—three of whom, William, Nancy and Nelson, are living; William married Rebecca Baker; Nancy is the wife of Erastus Wilson, and Nelson is still a bachelor. Nelson owns the old home farm upon which he was born, and takes life easy. He rears a large amount of stock and rents his farm, which brings in a nice income. He is a popular man in his neighborhood and enjoys the reputation of being a man of correct business habits. The Weaver Brothers have always been prosperous men and are well worthy the name they bear.

SIMON W. WHITMORE, farmer; P. O. Westville. The grandfather of our subject was one of the pioneers in this township, settling where Simon now lives. He was a • native of Virginia, and emigrated from that State in 1804. He entered a quarter section, built a cabin and began clearing up the heavy timber; there were only a few settlers in the neighborhood, and Indians were plenty. Their camps were numerous along Nettle Creek, and they were very friendly. The settlers had built a block house (for the protection of their wives and children should the Indians make demonstrations of hostility) near where Benjamin Gard now lives. Only once did they flee to the fort, and that was a false alarm. He had four children—David, Jacob, Joseph, and Mary, who is still living with Mr. Whitmore. David lived a bachelor during his lifetime, and died in 1870, at the age of 72; Jacob, the father of Simon, was married to Catharine Zimmerman, probably in 1827. He had seven children, four of whom are living— Barbara, the wife of Charles Dagger; Sarah J., the wife of M. W. Barger; Elizabeth, the wife of Leonard Barger, and Simon W., our subject. Jacob died in 1868, his wife still survives, and makes her home with her soul. He is an energetic man, and owns an extensive farm. From his residence a commanding view of the country can be obtained, as the elevation above the land is seventy-five feet. It presents the most commanding appearance of any house in the neighborhood. He was wedded to Elizabeth Wiant in 1859. They are the parents of Sylvia, Minnie, Samuel and Dottie Whitmore. The family are an intelligent one, and Mr. Whitmore enjoys an excellent reputation among his neighbors. They are both members of the Myrtle Tree Baptist Church. Representing as they do the old pioneers of this county, we are glad to give them a place in this history.

JASPER WIANT, farmer; P. O. Westville. This gentleman represents the "John Wiant" branch of the family, of whom were two brothers, John and Adam, natives of Page Co., Va., who came here at an early date. Both are long since dead, but their descendants are numerous. Jasper is a son of Bradbury and Jerusha (Ward) Wiant. Bradbury was John's eldest son, and his wife was a native of this township. They settled on a beautiful farm in the Nettle Creek Valley, that is equal, perhaps, to any in the township. For many years he was one of our most successful men, and everything prospered with him. They were parents of Elizabeth, who married Simon W. Whitmore, whose family is represented in this history; Jasper, who married Miss Mary C. Chance; Sarah, who is the wife of Festus Steinberger; Sabra, who wedded Elias Riegle; James B. and John B., twins (John married Melissa Taylor); and Tullie M. Wiant. The old folks reside on the old home farm, which was rendered dear by their lifetime of hard labor and the birth of their children.

Jasper and his wife have six children—Alia, Susan, Edgar T., Lucy, Elmer C. and Laura. The parents were married in 1864, and Mr. Wiant has been a practical farmer all his life. He obtained a common-school education during his boyhood, and has turned it to good account in his business. He is a Democrat, and has never voted any other ticket. Mr. Wiant is a member of Urbana Lodge, No. 8, A. F. and A. M., and is, in all respects, a worthy man and good neighbor.

John Wiant and Elizabeth Metz were married in 1819. John came to Ohio in 1816. They were both natives of Virginia; he operated a large tannery, and was one of the leading citizens of his day. His farmhouse was built in 1829, and was probably the best house in the county when completed; he served in the war of 1812, and during one of his engagements partially lost his hearing. His wife was 56 years of age at the time of her death, and he reached the age of 73. He had wonderful physical endurance, and reared a family of ten children, all of them living except two.

JACKSON TOWNSHIP.

SOLOMON APPLE, farmer; P. O. St. Paris; born in Jackson Township Champaign County June 11, 1835; is a son of Solomon and Catharine Apple. He was born in Pennsylvania Sept. 14, 1804, and came to Ohio with his parents when quite young; they settled in Montgomery County, where he grew to maturity and married Catharine Snapp, a daughter of Rhinard Snapp. Immediately after marriage they came to Champaign County and entered 160 acres of land in Jackson Township, on which they located, and which they took from a state of nature and made a comfortable home. They afterward purchased 80 acres joining their quarter-section and 100 acres in Johnson Township. Eight children were born to them—David, William, Sarah, Solomon, Mary, Noah, Simon and Daniel; the,first and the last are deceased. Solomon Apple, Sr., departed this life Sept. 3, 1861; Catharine, his wife, survived till March 31, 1868, and died at the age of 58 years 6 months and 26 days; both had been members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church frum youth, and were faithful Christian people to the last—rearing their family in the church. Solomon, the subject of this sketch, was raised a farmer and has always been engaged in agricultural pursuits. He is an enterprising farmer and owns 132 acres of land, 55 of which is a part of his father's farm. On Sept. 25, 1861, he married Frances Kesler; she was born in this township, June 11,1837. One child is the issue of this marriage—Perry, born Oct. 12, 1862. Mr. and Mrs. Apple are consistent members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church.

NOAH APPLE, farmer; P. O. St. Paris; was born in Jackson Township, May 20, 1840. He is a son of Solomon and Catharine Apple, who is mentioned in the sketch of Solomon Apple. Noah was also bred a farmer; he owns 92 acres of the home farm, which is in a high state of cultivation, with excellent buildings, erected at a cost of $3,000. On June 22, 1865, he was united in marriage with Catharine Sivert; she was born in Johnson Township Aug. 16, 1842, and is a daughter of Joseph and Mary Sivert, who were early settlers in that township. They were the parents of five children; three are still living—Elizabeth, Catharine and John. Mrs. Mary Sivert departed this life May 18, 1868, at the age of 51 years 5 months and 19 days; Joseph, her husband, is still living. Noah and Catharine Apple are the parents of two children —Emanuel, born Dec. 10,1866, and Ada D., Oct. 13, 1873; Emanuel has not been able to walk for about seven years—the result of a hereditary disease, something like spinal affection. Mr. and Mrs. Apple are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church.

OBADIAH BAKER, farmer; P. O. St. Paris; was born in Clark Co., Ohio, March 1, 1833; his parents, John and Barbara Baker, were both natives of Virginia, but came to Ohio before they were married, and were early settlers in Clark County, where he still resides at the age of 85; as nearly as is known, there is no record of his birth; his wife's decease occurred Nov. 6,1876, at the age of 72 years. They were the parents of nine children; one died in infancy, the other eight are all living and have families, except the youngest. Obadiah was raised on the farm; his education consisted mainly in learning to handle the ax, the maul and the plow; although he has, by his own efforts, succeeded in getting a sufficient knowledge from books to transact business successfully; he owns 80 acres of land in Jackson Township, which he took from the green woods, and on which he has spent many a hard day's work in the twenty-one years of his occupancy. On the 25th of August, 1859, he married Elizabeth Bowers, a native of this county; she was born Feb. 2, 1842. To this union seven children have been given; six are still living—William, Alma, Jacob, Sarah, Irvin and Harry. Mr. and Mrs. Baker have been members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church from their youth.

E. E. BAILEY, farmer; P. O. Christiansburg; was born in Montgomery Co., Ohio, Jan. 20, 1838, and is a son of Henry and Rachel Bailey, both natives of Maryland. She was born Jan 3, 1808, and he about 1794. They were the parents of six

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