The earlier lessons on Toilet, Meals, etc., are easily illustrated and the actions actually performed by the use of the objects required or of toy models of the same. But as the pupils' range of language increases the meanings of new terms are no longer acted out, but are given by the use of equivalent terms already known, except when the new phraseology is such as to require the actual subject to be presented in order to insure a thorough mental grasp of the idea desired to be conveyed. This makes it possible to give lessons, at this stage, on subjects outside the school-room, but these lessons should still always recall to the pupils facts and scenes that they have previously been acquainted with or passed through. If there has been no such experience for individuals of the class, opportunity must be made for giving them this, either by an excursion taken for that purpose or, when possible, recalling attention to the subject when fitting illustrations occur during the walking or recreation hours. Teachers who confine their instructions within the walls of their class-room can never efficiently teach deaf pupils, for these must see and test and handle for themselves, if they are ever thoroughly to grasp the meaning of agricultural, manufacturing, or other technical processes described to them, and the same applies to scientific research and experiments in more advanced studies.

The ear being closed, the eye and the sense of touch must do double duty, which, happily, nature herself inclines them to do, if only the same permission be granted to carry out her wise impulses in the pursuit of knowledge in hours of study that curiosity claims in hours of relaxation for pleasure and amusement. Those who employ the Series Method are expected thus to bring their pupils face to face with every scene described ; and if this plan be followed, as it is by all the best teachers, great gain will result to the deaf. This brings to our notice another great advantage of the method when systematically carried out. It produces and encourages in the learners an eager observation of all that occurs around them, and awakens the spirit of inquiry, finding vent in questions us to how and why concerning what they see taking place. Out of this grows the use of question forms and a readiness to comprehend and eventually produce good descriptions of actions and events, the basis of all composition.

This method can be employed under the manual method by the use of finger-spelling or writing, but it is of special value to teachers following the oral method. For this it has added advantages in increasing the power of rapid lip-reading and easy repetition of consecutive sentences. A fuller gain still is the opportunity, when going over a lesson, to intersperse subjective phrases somewhat after the -manner followed in "Class-room Conversations in French " (French Series), by the same authors.

These hints for conversation may appear in English form later, but this will probably depend on the reception given to the books here under review, or possibly less formal methods will be adopted for suggesting these in some of our circulating educational papers, where adaptation to the deaf can be made their sole object.

It is not for a moment supposed that these Series lessons are to do away with all methods and lessons already employed in the various schools, or to stand in the way of other studies. When employed they will soon prove their own value and, besides, their intrinsic worth will be found to open many doors to the easier acquisition of the language of books—literature—for they do in truth by art supply the place of the colloquial language possessed by hearing children before coming to school, in their case unconsciously gathered and stored up by the ear and memory.

I have not attempted here to give the variety of exercises, both intuitive and grammatical, to which these lessons lend themselves. My aim has simply been to draw attention to the store of valuable educational matter contained in these books. May they indeed conduce, as they are so well adapted to do, to place in the possession of our deaf a readier command of the English language!

SUSANNA E. HULL, Woodvale, ttexUy, Kent, England.


Gallaudet College,
Washington, D. C., March 15, 1898.

As announced in the formal call published in the January number of the Annals, the Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf will hold its fifteenth meeting in the Ohio Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, at Columbus, beginning on Thursday, July 28, 1898.

The Convention will be called to order at 3 o'clock in the afternoon of that day, when addresses of welcome and responses will be made.

It is not practicable at this time to publish any program in detail, but members will be interested to know that the Committees on the Normal, Industrial, Oral, Auricular, and Kindergarten sections have been for some time actively engaged in preparing for the work in their respective branches, with every assurance of being able to secure valuable papers, and to arrange for interesting and profitable discussions.

The Convention will probably remain in session a week, and members, both active and honorary, will be entertained at the small charge of seventy-five cents per day each.

Mr. J. W. Jones, Superintendent of the Ohio Institution, has been appointed Local Committee of Arrangemerits, and to him due notice should be given of purpose to attend the Convention.

Mr. Jones has assurances from railroad officials that very favorable rates will be granted, but is not able to give details until a later date.

All persons desiring to present papers, or wishing to suggest subjects for discussion, are requested to communicate with the chairmen of the Section Committees, as follows:

A. S. Clark, Normal Section, School for the Deaf, Hartford, Conn.

Warren Robinson, Industrial Section, School for the Deaf, Delavan, Wis.

Joseph C. Gordon, Oral Section, Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, Jacksonville, 111.

Philip G. Gillett, Art Section, Jacksonville, 111.

J. A. Gillespie, Auricular Section, Gillespie School for the Deaf, Omaha, Neb.

Mary McCowen, Kindergarten Section, McCowen Oral School, 6550 Yale Avenue, Chicago, 111.

As the coming meeting of the Convention will be the first held since the adoption of a constitution, and the passage by Congress of an act conferring corporate powers on the Convention, the members of the Standing Executive Committee express the hope that members of the profession and others interested in the education of the deaf, especially trustees aud directors of schools, in the countries occupying the continent of America, will show their interest in the old organization under its new and promising conditions by being present in large numbers at Columbus.

A cordial invitation is also extended to instructors of the deaf in other countries than those of the American continent to attend the Columbus meeting as honorary members of the Convention.

In behalf of the Committee,

Prevalent of the Convention.


Gallaudet College.—A colossal bust of the Abbe de I'Ept'-e by the deaf sculptor, Felix Plessis, has been presented by the deaf people of France to President Gallaudet, in grateful recognition of his advocacy of the Combined System of instruction. It will be unveiled on Presentation Day.

Kansas School.—Miss Myrtle Foote has resigned her position as teacher, and is succeeded by Mr. C. D. Adams, late boys' supervisor.

Michigan School.—Miss Belle Schrikema, a teacher in the School since 1895, died February 27, 1898, in Butterworth Hospital, Grand Rapids, Michigan. She had typhoid fever last summer, followed by quick consumption, but kept at her work of teaching until just before Christmas. She was graduated from the School in 1895. During her last year as a pupil she taught a class half of each day, and immediately after graduation was appoin ted a regular teacher. Her associates say of her that "she was earnest and efficient. Her ambition and delight were to confer on her pupils what she had herself received—the priceless boon of education. Her work did not cease with the close of the daily school session. She mingled with the pupils, and by her friendly sympathy exerted a wholesome Christian influence."

Missouri School.—The Board of Regents of the University of Missouri have passed a resolution admitting the graduates of this School, without examination, into the schools of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts connected with the University.

North Carolina (Jforgantori) School.—The erection of a new school-building has been begun. It is to be built of brick, with a slate roof, and is to be completed by September 15. The wood-work will be done by the Wood-Working Department of the School.

Ohio Institution.—Miss Letitia Doaue, who has been connected with the Institution as a teacher for nine years, six in the manual department and three in the oral, has resigned her position to take charge of a class of four pupils in La Salle,

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