Fortified Military Camps in Attica
This is an examination of the information available about a number of fortified sites in Attica with a focus on 1960 excavations at the site of Koroni on the east coast of the Attic peninsula near Porto Raphti. The corpus of all known sites includes original site maps and plans, as well as much previously unpublished information collected during topographic investigations by the author. Many of the sites surveyed were established around 325-250 B.C. in the uncertain times following Alexander the Great's death, especially during the Chremonidean War when Ptolemaic forces were active in the region. The author traces their later history, extending his description of military encampments around Athens up to the present day.
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acropolis Aigaleos amphoras ancient Antigonos Aphidna Areus Athenian plain Athens Attica black-glazed building built century B.C. Chremonidean Chremonides coins construction defense Dekeleia Dema deme deme-center Demetrios Dodwell east Eleusis enclosure Ereneia evidence excavation field stones force fortification wall fortified camps fourth century fragments garrison garrison-forts glaze Greek height Helioupolis Hellenistic Hesperia hill Hymettos Camp Hymettos Tower identified indicated inner face Kaisariani Kaisariani Berg Kamatero kantharos Karten von Attika Kastraki Katsimidi kilometers Koroni Korynos Kynosoura Leipsydrion located long wall Macedonians Mesogeia meters Milchhofer Mount Merenda northeast northern outer Palaiokastro Patroklos Island Patroklou Charax Pausanias peak peninsula Piraeus Plakoto Polybios possible pottery preserved Ptolemy remains Rhamnous ridge roof tiles rubble walls sherds side slopes Soteriades Sounion southeast suggested supra Svor thick third century Thompson Thompson's Group Thorikos Thriasian plain traces Trikorynthos valley Varoucha Vouliagmeni writer
Page 108 - Athens on the one hand and Sparta and her allies on the other with the purpose of freeing Greece from tyranny.
Page 96 - ... opposite to that usual among the Greeks. The Greeks in encamping think it of primary importance to adapt the camp to the natural advantages of the ground, first because they shirk the labour of entrenching, and next because they think artificial defences are not equal in value to the fortifications which nature provides unaided on the spot. So that as regards the plan of the camp as a whole they are obliged to adopt all kinds of shapes to suit the nature of the ground, and they often have to...
Page 2 - A. Steinberg, Koroni, A Ptolemaic Camp on the East Coast of Attica, Hesperia 31, 1962, 26ff.
Page 11 - E. Vanderpool, JR McCredie, A. Steinberg, " Koroni : The Date of the Camp and the Pottery,
Page 77 - ... abandoned. There are, of course, two fortresses in the mining district, one at Anaphlystus on the south side, the other at Thoricus on the north. The distance between them is about seven miles and a half. Now suppose that we had a third 44 stronghold between them on the highest point of Besa. The works2 would then be linked up by all the fortresses, and at the first intimation of a hostile movement, every man would have but a short distance to go in order to reach safety. In case an enemy 45...
Page 65 - Dema," pp. 181-182. The assumption that " the fact that a wall is of (dry) rubble ' gives a strong indication [of], if it does not prove, an early date/ " adopted by S. Dow, Hesperia, XI, 1942, p. 195, note 5. from RL Scranton, Greek Walls, p. 155, is no longer valid, as can easily be seen from the present tentative corpus. 118 " Dema," pp. 182-183, where parallels are given. 181 "Dema,
Page 93 - Piraeus, except those stationed in the garrisons; that the latter keep each the post assigned to him, leaving it neither by day nor by night.
Page 33 - There is no material known to the writer that might help in dating the site. An indication that Boudoron was, in fact, such a rubble camp, which could not be defended against great odds, is that it was so easily and quickly taken, and an indication that it was so placed that it did not command a view of the actual harbors of Megara is the fact that the large expedition of the Peloponnesians came as a surprise to the Athenians. COASTAL SITES (EAST COAST) THORIKOS Fortifications on the peninsula of...
Page 50 - ... demos. Having crossed the dry bed of the Ilissos. which is at its northern foot, I found the imperfect remains of a wall, rising not more than a foot above the ground, which leads to the summit of the hill, and terminates in the foundations of a square tower ; two other adjoining hills are encircled by the walls, which appear to have included a town of at least two miles in circuit. Although the traces are very imperfect, and apparently of high antiquity, it is surprising that they were unknown...