1912: The Year the World Discovered Antarctica
“The South Pole discovered” trumpeted the front page of The Daily Chronicle on March 8, 1912, marking Roald Amundsen’s triumph over the tragic Robert Scott. Yet behind all the headlines there was a much bigger story. Antarctica was awash with expeditions. In 1912, five separate teams representing the old and new world were diligently embarking on scientific exploration beyond the edge of the known planet. Their discoveries not only enthralled the world, but changed our understanding of the planet forever. Tales of endurance, self-sacrifice, and technological innovation laid the foundations for modern scientific exploration, and inspired future generations.
To celebrate the centenary of this groundbreaking work, 1912: The Year the World Discovered Antarctica revisits the exploits of these different expeditions. Looking beyond the personalities and drawing on his own polar experience, Chris Turney shows how their discoveries marked the dawn of a new age in our understanding of the natural world. He makes use of original and exclusive unpublished archival material and weaves in the latest scientific findings to show how we might reawaken the public’s passion for discovery and exploration
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Amundsen Antarctic Expedition Antarctic exploration Antarctica Arctic attempt Aurora Australia base Bay of Whales Beardmore Glacier became British Antarctic Cape Denison Captain claimed coastline continent Davis Deutschland diary Discovery expedition dogs Earth’s Edgeworth David Edward VII Land effort equipment expedition members expedition’s Filchner Framheim funds geological German Ice Barrier Japanese journey Kainan-maru kilometres King Edward VII known leader London Macquarie Island Markham Mawson measurements metres mountains Nansen NB Brevs Nimrod Nobu Shirase Norwegian observations party penguins plans plateau reach the pole reach the South realised region remarked reports Ross Sea Royal Geographical Society scientific scientists Scott sea ice Shackleton ship ship’s Shirase Shirase’s sledges snow South Geographic Pole South Georgia South Magnetic Pole South Pole Southern Ocean success surface Sydney temperature Terra Nova tion Vahsel vessel Victoria Land weather Weddell Sea Wilson wind winter Zealand