Hip sonography: diagnosis and management of infant hip dysplasia
Sonography of baby hips for the diagnosis of DDH and dysplasia has grown steadily in importance in recent years. A strict standardized technique for investigation of the baby and interpretation of the sonograms has made hip ultrasound reproducible, reliable and independent of examiner skill and experience.Graf's technique is now used worldwide, and selective or even general screening programmes for all babies are established in many European countries today.The first part of this book includes the fundamentals of hip sonography, static as well as dynamic techniques, anatomical identification of the echograms, typing, a measurement technique and usability check.The second part is an atlas including a summary of the essential data and demonstrating correct and incorrect sonograms in different variations. The book is indispensable for everyone dealing with DDH problems in diagnosis and therapy.
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acetabu acetabular fossa acetabular labrum acetabulum alpha value anatomical identification baby base line beta value Bone Joint Surg bony acetabular roof bony coverage bony rim bony socket cartilaginous acetabular roof caudally centre chondro-osseous junction clinical concavity congenital dislocation covers the femoral cradle cranially decentred joints deformed diagnosis displaced dysplastic echoes echogenic epiphyseal plate etabular examination femoral head Graf greater trochanter Hiiftdysplasie Hip Dysplasia hip joint hip sonogram hip sonography hip type hip ultrasound Huftsonographie hyaline cartilage acetabular hyaline cartilage roof hypoechoic identified iliac bone ilium infant hip joint capsule left hip lower limb maturation measurement Mid Section monitor Orthopaedics osseous rim ossific nucleus Pathological Instability Pavlik Harness Pediatr Orthop position posterior sectional Prax proximal perichondrium right hip rotates Sect seen sonogram sonographische standard plane structures synovial fold three landmarks tion tissue transducer treatment triradiate cartilage Tschauner Ch type I joint type IIa ultra ultrasonic ultrasound beam weeks x-ray