Invasive Species: What Everyone Needs to Know

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Oxford University Press, Oct 31, 2013 - Nature - 329 pages
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Invasive species come in all sizes, from plant pathogens like the chestnut blight in eastern North America, to the red imported fire ant that has spread throughout the South, the predatory Indian mongoose now found in the Caribbean and Hawaii, and the huge Burmese python populating the Florida swamps. And while many invasive species are safe and even beneficial, the more harmful varieties cost the world economy billions of dollars annually, devastate agriculture, spread painful and even lethal diseases, and otherwise diminish our quality of life in myriad surprising ways. In Invasive Species: What Everyone Needs to Know, award-winning biologist Daniel Simberloff offers a wide-ranging and informative survey that sheds light on virtually every aspect of these biological invaders. Filled with case studies of an astonishing array of invasive species, the book covers such topics as how humans introduce these species-sometimes inadvertently, but often deliberately-the areas that have suffered the most biological invasions, the methods we use to keep our borders safe, the policies we currently have in place to manage these species, and future prospects for controlling their spread. An eminent ecologist, Simberloff analyzes the direct and indirect impacts of invasive species on various ecosystems, such as when non-native species out-compete native species for food or light, describes how invasive species (such as the Asian mosquito that is a vector for West Nile virus, itself an invasive species) transmit pathogens, and explains his acclaimed theory of "invasional meltdown" in which two or more introduced species combine to produce a far more devastating impact than any one of them would have caused alone. The book also discusses the more controversial issues surrounding invasive species and it concludes with suggested readings and a list of related web sites.
  

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Contents

1 General Introduction
1
2 Magnitude Geography and Time Course of Invasions
25
3 Ecological Effects of Introduced SpeciesStraightforward Impacts
55
4 Impacts of InvasionsComplications and Impacts on Humans
85
5 Evolution of Introduced and Native Species
107
6 How and Why Do Invasions Occur?
129
7 Can We Predict Species Invasions?
145
8 How Are Species Introductions Regulated?
160
10 Maintenance Management of Invasions
200
11 Controversies Surrounding Biological Invasions
232
12 ProspectThe Homogeocene?
262
SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF SPECIES CITED IN THIS BOOK
283
GLOSSARY
309
NOTES
313
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING
315
INDEX
321

9 Detection and Eradication of Introduced Species
175

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About the author (2013)


Daniel Simberloff is the Nancy Gore Hunger Professor of Environmental Studies and Director of the Institute for Biological Invasions at the University of Tennessee. He is the author of approximately 500 publications on ecology, biogeography, evolution, and conservation biology; much of his research focuses on causes and consequences of biological invasions. He is senior editor of the Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions (University of California Press, 2011), editor-in-chief of Biological Invasions, associate editor of the Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, and serves on the editorial boards of several other journals. In 2006 he was named Eminent Ecologist by the Ecological Society of America.

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