The News Gap: When the Information Preferences of the Media and the Public Diverge (Google eBook)
MIT Press, Oct 11, 2013 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 302 pages
The sites of major media organizations -- CNN, USA Today, the Guardian, and others -- provide the public with much of the online news they consume. But although a large proportion of the top stories these sites disseminate cover politics, international relations, and economics, users of these sites show a preference (as evidenced by the most viewed stories) for news about sports, crime, entertainment, and weather. In this book, Pablo Boczkowski and Eugenia Mitchelstein examine this gap and consider the implications for the media industry and democratic life in the digital age.Drawing on analyses of more than 50,000 stories posted on twenty news sites in seven countries in North and South America and Western Europe, Boczkowski and Mitchelstein find that the gap in news preferences exists regardless of ideological orientation or national media culture. They show that it narrows in times of heightened political activity (including presidential elections or government crises) as readers feel compelled to inform themselves about public affairs but remains wide during times of normal political activity. Boczkowski and Mitchelstein also find that the gap is not affected by innovations in Web-native forms of storytelling such as blogs and user-generated content on mainstream news sites. Keeping the account of the news gap up to date, in the book's coda they extend the analysis through the 2012 U.S. presidential election. Drawing upon these findings, the authors explore the news gap's troubling consequences for the matrix that connects communication, technology, and politics in the digital age.
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2 The Divergence in the Content Choices of Journalists and Consumers
3 The Difference Politics Makes
4 How Storytelling Matters
5 Clicking on Whats Interesting Emailing Whats Bizarre or Useful and Commenting on Whats Controversial
6 The Meaning of the News Gap for Media and Democracy
2008 retrieved affairs agenda analysis articles most viewed audiences average Barack Obama Boczkowski categories were collapsed change in odds chapter choices of journalists Clarín clicked stories collapsed to straight Commentary—PA commented on stories consumers on CNN content choices deemed most newsworthy Election Day occurred Facebook Feature Commentary Blog feature style Features—NPA figure Fixed-effects logit regression Folha format/content combinations heightened political activity homepage journalists and consumers Journalists Consumers Latin America Nación news—NPA newsworthy by journalists newsworthy stories non-public-affairs stories non-public-affairs topics NPA PA NPA Obama occurred during week percent Percentage of public-affairs percentage points periods of heightened Personal communication public-affairs stories public-affairs topics rational ignorance Sarah Palin stories deemed stories on CNN storytelling formats storytelling preferences Straight news Feature straight-news format sumers supply-demand gap Table Tagesspiegel USA Today user-generated content viewed by consumers viewed stories Washington Post week 15 Week 9