Escaping Hitler: A Jewish Haven in Chile

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University of Alabama Press, Aug 19, 2013 - History - 219 pages
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Escaping Hitler is the personal story of Eva Wyman and her family’s escape from Nazi Germany to Chile in the sociohistorical context of 1930s and 1940s, a time when the Chilean Nazi party had an active presence in the country’s major institutions. Based primarily oninterviewswith German Jewish refugees and family correspondence, Eva Goldschmidt Wyman provides an intimateaccount of Jews in Germany in the 1930s as Nazi controls tightened and family members were taken to Riga concentration camp. Wyman recounts Kristallnacht in Stuttgart, where her father was principal of the Jewish school, his imprisonment in Dachau, and his release and immigration to Great Britain. Escaping Hitler details the family’s escape from Germany and subsequent life in Chile, providing an intimate look at daily life on the steam ship Conte Grande during the voyage from Italy to Chile in 1939, Nazi espionage and anti-Semitic activity in Chile, and the Nazi influence in South America in general. Recounted in an intimate and personal style, Escaping Hitler immerses the reader in an extraordinary chapter of contemporary Jewish history both inside Germany and South America.
  

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Contents

1 The Germany We Left
1
2 Kristallnacht Ignites a Desperation to Flee
22
3 The Ethnic Germans in Chile
42
The Last Trip of the Copiapó
65
A Naci Party and the Jewish Immigration
73
The German Jewish Emigration to Chile
87
From Chile to Israel
125
8 Chilean Responses to the German Jewish Immigration
136
9 German Jewish Immigrants Tell Their Stories
152
Epilogue
190
Notes
193
Bibliography
209
Index
215
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Eva Goldschmidt Wyman was born in 1934 in Stuttgart, Germany, and emigrated to Chile in 1939 and to the United States in 1965. She earned a BA in English as a Second Language from the Universidad de Chile and an MA in Latin American and Spanish Literature from the University of Washington, Seattle. Her publications include, Los Poetas y El General: Voces de oposición en Chile bajo Augusto Pinochet, 1973–1989 / The Poets and the General: Chile's Voices of Dissent under Augusto Pinochet, 1973–1989; Huyendo del Infierno Nazi: La inmigración judio-alemana hacia Chile en los años treinta.

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