Black Germany: The Making and Unmaking of a Diaspora Community, 1884-1960
This groundbreaking history traces the development of Germany's black community, from its origins in colonial Africa to its decimation by the Nazis during World War II. Robbie Aitken and Eve Rosenhaft follow the careers of Africans arriving from the colonies, examining why and where they settled, their working lives and their political activities, and giving unprecedented attention to gender, sexuality and the challenges of 'mixed marriage'. Addressing the networks through which individuals constituted community, Aitken and Rosenhaft explore the ways in which these relationships spread beyond ties of kinship and birthplace to constitute communities as 'black'. The study also follows a number of its protagonists to France and back to Africa, providing new insights into the roots of Francophone black consciousness and postcolonial memory. Including an in-depth account of the impact of Nazism and its aftermath, this book offers a fresh critical perspective on narratives of 'race' in German history.
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from presence to community
stay and can I go? Status and mobility
marriage and family
work welfare and community
Problem men and exemplary women? Gender
Practising diaspora politics 19181933
AAKA administration African-American Afrika-Schau Afro-German Alfred ANOM 1 AFFPOL April Archives arrived Atangana August BArch Basel Mission Berlin Bilé Bilé’s black Germans Boholle British Cameroon Cameroonians Chicago Defender citizenship Colonial Ofﬁce Comintern Commissioner Cameroon conﬁrmed Decryptage DGfE Dibobe difﬁcult Diop Duala Manga Egiomue Europe European February ﬁgure ﬁlm ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁrst ﬁve Foreign Ofﬁce former colonial subjects FR ANOM France French authorities French Consulate German colonial Germany’s Hamburg Joseph June Kamerun Karl Atangana Kribi living LzVN Makembe mandate Mandenga Diek Mandessi Bell Manga Akwa Manga Bell Mansfeld March marriage married Minister of Colonies Ministry Mission 21 Munume N’Doki native naturalisation Nazi Neger Negro Ngando November October ofﬁcers ofﬁcial organisation Pallottine Paris passport Paul Malapa performers police political protectorate racial reﬂected Reich Reiprich repatriation reported return to Cameroon RGASPI Rudolf Scheve Seitz September Soden StAHam status territory Togo Togolese women