## Thermodynamics for EngineersAspiring engineers have long needed a text that prepares them to use thermodynamics in professional practice. Thermodynamics instructors need a concise textbook written for a one-semester undergraduate course-a text that foregoes clutter and unnecessary details but furnishes the essential facts and methods. Thermodynamics for Engineers fills both those needs. Paying special attention to the learning process, the author has developed a unique, practical guide to classical thermodynamics. His approach is remarkably cohesive. For example, he develops the same example through his presentation of the first law and both forms of the second law- entropy and exergy. He also unifies his treatments of the conservation of energy, the creation of entropy, and the destruction of availability by using a balance equation for each, thus emphasizing the commonality between the laws and allowing easier comprehension and use. Accessible, practical, and cohesive, Thermodynamics for Engineers builds a solid foundation for advanced engineering studies and practice. It exposes students to the "big picture" of thermodynamics, and its streamlined presentation allows glimpses into important concepts and methods rarely offered by texts at this level. |

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### Contents

Chapter | 3 |

Chapter 2 | 17 |

Problems | 18 |

Chapter 3 | 73 |

Second Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy | 97 |

Availability Exergy Analysis | 155 |

Chapter 6 | 181 |

Vapor Power Systems | 199 |

Chapter 7 | 223 |

Principles of Energy Heat Transfer | 255 |

Appendices | 269 |

Answers to Problems | 351 |

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### Common terms and phrases

ammonia availability equation bars boiler Btu/s Calculate Carnot cycle changes in K.E. closed system coefficient of performance Compressed Liquid compressor Compute constant control mass control volume Determine energy conservation equation Enthalpy Btu/lbm Entropy Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy exit feedwater heater Figure fluid gases heat exchanger ideal gas ideal Rankine cycle initial inlet input internal energy irreversibility isentropic efficiency isentropic process isothermal process kg.K kg/s kilojoules kJ/kg Entropy kJ/(kg.K law in availability law in entropy law of thermodynamics mass flow rate mVkg Enthalpy kJ/kg output polytropic process power cycle power plant Problem process heat psia Rankine cycle ratio refrigerant reheat reversible process S.S.S.F. process saturated liquid saturated vapor Schematic for Example second law efficiency Solution Assumptions Specific Volume Enthalpy Specific Volume mVkg Superheated T-s diagram thermal efficiency Thermodynamic Properties thermodynamic tables unit mass valve Vapor Temp velocity Volume Enthalpy Entropy Volume mVkg Enthalpy