101 Defenses: How the Mind Shields Itself
Defenses are mental operations that restore or maintain psychic equilibrium when people feel that they cannot manage emotions that stem from conflict; they remove components of unpleasant emotions from conscious awareness. For example, using sex, food, or hostility to relieve tension - that's a defense - catalogued here as entry number 68: Impulsivity. Screaming at someone can be a defense. Playing golf can be a defense. So can saving money. Or at least all of these activities may involve defenses. In this book, Blackman catalogs 101 defenses - the most ever compiled - with descriptions practical for use in everyday assessment and treatment of psychopathology. He explains how to detect and interpret a defense and offers supportive therapy techniques. The many practical tips interspersed throughout this text make it an excellent reference tool for students and experienced clinicians, while the user-friendly features allow all readers to experience how psychological defenses operate in everyday life.
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t Defenses That Arise in the Oral Anal and First Genital
Latency Adolescent and Assorted Other Defenses
Defenses Used in the Diagnosis of Psychopathology
Differential Diagnosis and Treatment Selection
Supportive Therapy Techniques
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abuse activity adolescence adults affect-tolerance aggression aggressor Akhtar American Psychoanalytic Association Anal phase analytic anger angry anxiety Arlow asked autonomous ego functions avoid behavior Blackman Brenner Carmen caused child compromise formations confabulation conflicts confrontation conscious countertransference critical defense mechanisms defensive operations deficiency denial depressive affect develop diagnosis displaced dynamics ego strength emotional empathy evaluation example fantasy father feel felt Freud GENITAL PHASE hostility husband impulse control inhibition insight-directed integration interpret introject Jose Kernberg Mahler medication mental mother narcissistic object relations object relations theory observing ego oral painful parents passivity pathological person in treatment phase phobia primary process problems projective blaming projective identification psychosis psychotherapy psychotic punishment reaction reaction-formation reality testing regression relationships relieve guilt responded runaway bunny schizophrenic self-object fusion session sexual shame situations social someone suicidal ideation superego symbolic symptoms technique theory therapeutic therapist therapy thought tion unconscious unpleasurable versus wife wishes woman