11-Sep: Interim Report on the Response of Charities
The role of charitable aid in aiding those affected by the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, in N.Y. City, at the Pentagon, and in PA. In N.Y. City alone, about 100,000 people may have lost their income as a result of these events. Fed., state, and local gov'ts. responded to this disaster in a variety of ways and private charities also provided aid. This report determines: the amt. of donations that charities raised to assist Sept. 11 survivors, and the assist. made avail. to them; accountability measures in place to ensure that only eligible individuals received aid, and what is known about fraud committed by org. and individuals; what coor. efforts have been pursued in response to the disaster; and what lessons can be learned about how to best dist. charitable aid in similar situations.
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9/11 United Services accountability measures American Red Cross Appendix August 21 billion since September broad range cash grants Cause-related marketing charitable aid process charity officials clients and donors Congressional Briefing Slides coordination efforts disaster relief District Attorney's Office eligible individuals receive established to provide estimated $2.4 billion Federal Victim Compensation FEMA fraud by individuals fraudulent future indirectly affected individual fraud individuals receive aid Internal Revenue Service jobs or homes LGAO mental health counseling nation's response Oklahoma City bombing oversight agencies Oversight of Charities precise tally provided aid raised an estimated range of services recovery process role in disasters role of charitable Salvation Army September 11 attacks September 11 Fund September 11 survivors service providers solicit funds Terrorist Attacks U.S. General Accounting unifying authority United Services Group United States Senate Victim Compensation Fund World Trade Center York City York County District York State Attorney
Page 35 - Overall, charitable aid made a major contribution in the nation's response to the September 11 attacks despite very difficult circumstances. • Through the work of these charities, millions of people have been able to contribute to the recovery effort and help meet the needs of the thousands of people directly and indirectly affected by the attacks.
Page 7 - If you or your staff has any questions about this report, please contact me at (202) 512-7215 or Gale
Page 3 - representatives from three 1 See US General Accounting Office, Review of Studies of the Economic Impact of the September 11,2001, Terrorist Attacks on the World Trade Center, GAO-02-700R
Page 12 - While it may be difficult to precisely tally the total amount of funds collected, 34 of the larger September 11 charities have raised an estimated $2.4 billion since September 11, 2001.
Page 20 - unless otherwise noted in appendix II, and „ do not reflect distributions planned for the future. For a full list of charities represented in this chart, also see appendix II.
Page 22 - people received legal advice Nearly 1,000 small businesses and nonprofits got grants or loans to help rebuild the community Source: Data provided by charities as of
Page 30 - Coordination Poses Challenges to Charities The promise of confidentiality for those provided aid is essential to the charities we spoke with, complicating any efforts to share information on those served, such as through a single database. In addition, charities' obligations to serve a clearly defined group of clients and to fulfill donor intent can hamper efforts to coordinate aid. 23
Page 34 - Managing Charities' Responses Would Require Assessment of Trade-Offs • Important trade-offs would need to be identified and assessed before any actions were taken to manage the responses of the charitable sector in the future. • Currently, a key strength of charities is their ability to operate flexibly and independently in the time of disasters, helping to fill gaps in other forms of aid. 27 Concluding Observations