Booker T. Washington Papers Volume 2: 1860-89. Assistant Editors, Pete Daniel, Stuart B. Kaufman, Raymond W. Smock, and William M. Welty

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University of Illinois Press, Oct 1, 1972 - Biography & Autobiography - 597 pages
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The memoirs and accounts of the Black educator are presented with letters, speeches, personal documents, and other writings reflecting his life and career.
 

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Contents

The James Burroughs
3
Dec 1861 An Inventory of the Estate of James Burroughs
9
Nov 1868 William Davis to John Kimball
17
Mar 1885 A Recommendation from Samuel Chapman Arm
28
June 1875 Three News Items on the 1875 Graduation
48
June 1875 A Certificate of Achievement from Hampton
67
Mar 1878 To a Hampton Teacher
74
An Article in the Southern Workman
103
Oct 1885 To Samuel Chapman Armstrong
283
Jan 1886 To R R Varner
290
Feb 1886 To the Editor of the Southern Workman
296
Sept 1886 To William Hooper Councill
307
Nov 1886 To Anderson Bryant
313
Jan 1887 From Henry Woodfin Grady
320
May 1887 From Arthur L Brooks
344
May 1887 To Moses Pierce
355

Ma 1881 Samuel Chapman Armstrong to George Washing
127
June 1881 To Francis Chickering Briggs
133
July 1881 To James Fowle Baldwin Marshall
145
Nov 1881 From James Fowle Baldwin Marshall
153
Feb 1882 A Circular Appealing for Donations
178
Mar 1882 BTW and Olivia A Davidson to the Editor of
185
May 1882 To James Fowle Baldwin Marshall
202
Aug 1882 To James Fowle Baldwin Marshall
208
Feb 1883 To Cornelius Nathaniel Dorsette
219
Mar 1883 To Cora M Folsom
225
July 1883 To James Fowle Baldwin Marshall
234
Dec 1883 To James Fowle Baldwin Marshall
246
Sept 1884 Olivia A Davidson to Eleanor Jameson Williams
263
strong
268
Apr 1885 To Samuel Chapman Armstrong
274
June 1885 To Samuel Chapman Armstrong
280
July 1887 From David Lee Johnston
371
Sept 1887 From Cornelius Nathaniel Dorsette
386
Mar 1888 From S M Phillips
419
Mar 1888 To Warren Logan
425
Apr 1888 To Warren Logan
451
May 1888 From Cornelius Nathaniel Dorsette
457
Aug 1888 Robert Charles Bedford to Olivia A Davidson
474
Sept 1888 From John W Stakely
482
Nov 1888 From Rosa Mason
491
A Speech before the Boston Unitarian Club
497
Jan 1889 From Robert W Whiting
511
Mar 1889 From Alfred Haynes Porter
518
Mar 1889 From Ellen G Reveler
519
BIBLIOGRAPHY
533
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About the author (1972)

Booker Taliaferro Washington, 1856 - 1915 Booker T. Washington was born a slave in Hales Ford, Virginia, near Roanoke. After the U.S. government freed all slaves in 1865, his family moved to Malden, West Virginia. There, Washington worked in coal mines and salt furnaces. He went on to attend the Hampton, Virginia Normal and Agricultural Institute from 1872-1875 before joining the staff in 1879. In 1881 he was selected to head the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, a new teacher-training school for blacks, which he transformed into a thriving institution, later named Tuskegee University. His controversial conviction that blacks could best gain equality in the U.S. by improving their economic situation through education rather than by demanding equal rights was termed the Atlanta Compromise, because Washington accepted inequality and segregation for blacks in exchange for economic advancement. Washington advised two Presidents, Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, on racial problems and policies, as well as influencing the appointment of several blacks to federal offices. Washington became a shrewd political leader and advised not only Presidents, but also members of Congress and governors. He urged wealthy people to contribute to various black organizations. He also owned or financially supported many black newspapers. In 1900, Washington founded the National Negro Business League to help black business firms. Washington fought silently for equal rights, but was eventually usurped by those who ideas were more radical and demanded more action. Washington was replaced by W. E. B. Du Bois as the foremost black leader of the time, after having spent long years listening to Du Bois deride him for his placation of the white man and the plight of the negro. He died in 1915.

Smock, former historian of the U.S. House of Representatives.

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