Booker T. Washington Papers Volume 3: 1889-95. Assistant Editors, Stuart B. Kaufman and Raymond W. Smock

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University of Illinois Press, Apr 1, 1974 - Social Science - 648 pages
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The memoirs and accounts of the Black educator are presented with letters, speeches, personal documents, and other writings reflecting his life and career
 

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Contents

May 1889 From Margaret James Murray
3
Oct 1889 To Samuel Chapman Armstrong
10
Nov 1889 From Nathalie Lord
16
Dec From James B Washington
22
Mar 1890 From Alfred Haynes Porter
36
Apr 1890 To Ednah Dow Littlehale Cheney
50
May 1890 From Atticus Greene Haygood
56
June 1890 From Blanche Kelso Bruce
63
Aug 1891 To William Addison Benedict
168
Oct 1891 From Thomas Junius Calloway
176
Nov 1891 From Thomas Junius Calloway
182
Nov 1891 From Thomas Junius Calloway
194
Jan 1892 From Samuel June Barrows
205
Apr 1893 From Cornelius Nathaniel Dorsette
312
May 1893 Proceedings of the Triennial Reunion of
322
June 1893 To William Burns Paterson
352

Aug 1890 An Article in the Christian Union
71
Aug 1890 To William Hooper Councill
77
Sept 1890 From Olivia Egleston Phelps Stokes
83
Oct 1890 From Mary A Elliott
90
Nov 1890 From Warren Logan
99
Nov 1890 From Warren Logan
106
Dec 1890 To Ednah Dow Littlehale Cheney
116
Jan 1891 From Elizabeth P Jones
124
Feb 1891 From Ellen Collins
133
Apr 1891 Charles E Davidson to Olivia A Davidson
146
May 1891 From Timothy Thomas Fortune
153
June 1891 From John Gideon Harris
159
Aug 1891 From Mary Elizabeth Preston Stearns
162
Aug 1893 To Wilson H Reynolds
358
Sept 1893 To the Faculty Committee on the Course of Study
366
Nov 1893 From Anna Garlin Spencer
373
The Bell Street Chapel Calendar
379
May 1894 An Account of Testimony before the House
422
Aug 1894 A Resolution of the Executive Committee of
461
Oct 1894 An Address at the Funeral of Mabel Wilhelmina
481
Apr 1895 To Jennie Robinson
544
Aug 1895 An Invitation
572
Address
578
ADDENDUM
588
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About the author (1974)

Booker Taliaferro Washington, 1856 - 1915 Booker T. Washington was born a slave in Hales Ford, Virginia, near Roanoke. After the U.S. government freed all slaves in 1865, his family moved to Malden, West Virginia. There, Washington worked in coal mines and salt furnaces. He went on to attend the Hampton, Virginia Normal and Agricultural Institute from 1872-1875 before joining the staff in 1879. In 1881 he was selected to head the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, a new teacher-training school for blacks, which he transformed into a thriving institution, later named Tuskegee University. His controversial conviction that blacks could best gain equality in the U.S. by improving their economic situation through education rather than by demanding equal rights was termed the Atlanta Compromise, because Washington accepted inequality and segregation for blacks in exchange for economic advancement. Washington advised two Presidents, Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, on racial problems and policies, as well as influencing the appointment of several blacks to federal offices. Washington became a shrewd political leader and advised not only Presidents, but also members of Congress and governors. He urged wealthy people to contribute to various black organizations. He also owned or financially supported many black newspapers. In 1900, Washington founded the National Negro Business League to help black business firms. Washington fought silently for equal rights, but was eventually usurped by those who ideas were more radical and demanded more action. Washington was replaced by W. E. B. Du Bois as the foremost black leader of the time, after having spent long years listening to Du Bois deride him for his placation of the white man and the plight of the negro. He died in 1915.

Smock, former historian of the U.S. House of Representatives.

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