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1955 ruble-dollar ratios acid adjusted aggregate ratios Aggregate Ruble-Dollar Price Appendix average basic basis believed Category Category and Item cents charges chemicals coal commodity communications services compared comparison considered construction materials consumers cost countries decreases derived differences distance dollar prices electric power estimated extras follows freight rates given Grade groups increases individual Industrial intermediate products iron and steel July lengths of haul Lignite mean Ministerstvo Moscow nonferrous metals oils paper and paperboard percent petroleum products product mix products and services rates Ratio Rubles refined relative representative ruble and dollar ruble prices Ruble-Dollar Price Ratios ruble-dollar ratios Rubles per Dollar sample selected shown in Table solid fuels Soviet prices Specifications Spravochnik Statistics steel products Table transport transport charges turnover tax unit USSR various Weighted Ratio whereas
Page 10 - ... and for its components (except for Government administration),13 the USSR is smaller relative to the United States in the ruble comparison than in the dollar comparison. The explanation lies basically in a negative correlation between the relative prices and relative quantities; that is, goods which have lower relative prices tend to be produced in greater relative quantities in a country.
Page 4 - In general, Soviet specifications for products were available in sufficient detail to permit the ready designation of US counterparts. The degree of comparability achieved in the report as a whole is believed to be good, even though the degree of comparability varies by product group and ranges from virtual identity to rough approximation.
Page 16 - All of the ruble prices for refined petroleum products include sums that cover the cost of production, the cost of transportation, and the cost of operating sales bases. Prices for some unspecified products include the turnover tax as well as an administrative surcharge.
Page 5 - For communications services, rates for services with the same general characteristics have been compared. Soviet basic freight rates for the US average lengths of haul have been compared with US rates derived from data on revenue for the US average lengths of haul. Soviet * This percentage applies to the ruble price inclusive of transport charges.
Page 16 - USSR, tax payments* were equal to about 50 percent of the receipts from sales; expenses of transportation and expenses of operating sales bases were equal to about 20 percent; and the fob refinery prices combined for all products marketed were equal to only about 30 percent of those receipts.
Page 15 - US Bureau of the Budget, Office of Statistical Standards, Technical Committee on Industrial Classification.
Page 16 - The lowest price is charged in Zone I, and a progressively higher price is charged in the remaining four zones as the average distance from Zone I increases.
Page 11 - ... percent between 1950 and 1955. A recent RAND study of Soviet prices of basic Industrial goods shows a decline of about 11 percent between the 2 same years. Ignoring the lack of a common set of weights, these data Imply that the ratio of Soviet to US prices of industrial non-durable goods fell by about one-quarter in this period. A similar comparison made earlier with reference to machinery showed a drop of...
Page 17 - Region are located in Zone I. The average length of haul of petroleum products within Zone I was judged to be 1,000 kilometers (km).