1990 United Nations List of National Parks and Protected Areas

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IUCN, Jan 1, 1990 - National parks and reserves - 275 pages
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Page 255 - Convention wetlands are areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six metres.
Page 225 - Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage" : natural features consisting of physical and biological formations or groups of such formations, which are of outstanding universal value from the aesthetic or scientific point of view ; geological and physiographical formations and precisely delineated areas which constitute the habitat of threatened species of animals and plants of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation ; natural sites or...
Page 225 - World Heritage Convention The Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage was adopted in Paris in 1972, and came into force in December 1975. The convention provides for the designation of areas of "outstanding universal value" as world heritage sites, with the principle aim of fostering international cooperation in safeguarding these important areas.
Page 11 - A national park is a relatively large area : 1. where one or several ecosystems are not materially altered by human exploitation and occupation, where plant and animal species, geomorphological sites and habitats are of special scientific, educative and recreative interest or which contains a natural landscape of great beauty and 2.
Page 13 - ... control would be necessary to ensure the perpetuation of both the land use and life style. Means of government assistance might be required to improve the standard of living while maintaining the natural quality of the site through appropriate management practices. In other instances, the areas arc established and managed under public ownership, or a combination of public and private ownership.
Page 13 - The scope of areas that fall within this category is necessarily broad because of the wide variety of semi-natural and cultural landscapes that occur within various nations. This may be reflected in two types of areas: those whose landscapes possess special aesthetic qualities which are a result of the interaction of man and land; and those that are primarily natural areas managed intensively by man for recreational and tourism uses. In the former case, these landscapes may demonstrate certain cultural...
Page 11 - ... where the highest competent authority of the country has taken steps to prevent or to eliminate as soon as possible exploitation or occupation in the whole area...
Page 14 - ... be maintained for a considerable period of time. The societies are considered relatively unique and may be of particular significance to the maintenance of genetic diversity and/or for research as to the evolution of man. These are predominantly natural areas of which man is an integral component. There is a strong dependence of man upon the natural environment for food, shelter, and other basic material to sustain life. Extensive cultivation or other major modifications of the vegetation and...
Page 17 - Un parc national est un territoire relativement étendu: 1) qui présente un ou plusieurs écosystèmes, généralement peu ou pas transformés par l'exploitation et l'occupation humaine, où les espèces végétales et animales, les sites géomorphologiques et les habitats offrent un intérêt spécial du point de vue scientifique, éducatif et récréatif, ou dans lesquels existent des paysages naturels de grande valeur esthétique...
Page 12 - III areas may have recreational and touristic value, they should be managed to remain relatively free of human disturbance. These areas may be owned and managed by either central or other government agencies or non-profit trusts or corporations as long as there is assurance that they will be managed to protect their inherent features for the long term. Category IV - Nature Conservation...

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