The 1998 Floods in Bangladesh: Disaster Impacts, Household Coping Strategies, and Response
Carlo Del Ninno
Intl Food Policy Res Inst, Jan 1, 2001 - Political Science - 114 pages
In 1998,"the flood of the century" covered more than two-thirds of Bangladesh, causing crop losses of 2.04 million tons of rice, an amount equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99. This flood threatened the health and lives of millions through food shortages caused by crop failure, loss of purchasing power, and the spread of water-borne disease. Yet very few flood-related deaths occurred, and reportedly none was due to food shortages. This report, based on data from a survey of 757 rural households in seven flood-affected regions (thanas) conducted in November and December 1998 and on analysis of secondary data on food grain markets, describes how Government of Bangladesh policy, well-functioning private markets, household coping strategies, and donor and NGO interventions combined to avert a major food crisis. To further enhance its food security, Bangladesh needs continued investments in agricultural research, extension, roads, electricity and other rural infrastructure, policies promoting efficient markets, and programs to provide targeted transfers and credit to poor households.
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agricultural aman asset value Tk availability Average value Bangladesh boro calorie consumed coping strategies divisions of Bangladesh education Number expenditure quintile ﬁeld ﬁrst ﬁxed effects ﬂood-affected ﬂood-exposed households ﬂoods led ﬂoodwaters following the ﬂoods food aid food consumption food security harvest holds Tk household ﬂood exposure Household Survey 1998 households that lost IFPRI-FMRSP impact increase kilograms logit model loss Tk lost assets metric tons million tons months NGOs Ninno and Roy Number of females Number of households Number of males Odds ratio Percent females Percent males Percentage of households poor households pre-ﬂood value primary education private sector imports production loss Regression results relief rice and wheat rice imports rice prices rice production Save the Children severe ﬂooding severely exposed severity of ﬂood Source statistically signiﬁcant stock change Table targeted thanas Tk/farm household tons of rice tubewell value of loss value Tk thousand variable VGF program wheat
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