200 Years of Syntax: A Critical Survey
This book argues convincingly against the widespread opinion that very few syntactic studies were carried out before the 1950s. Relying on the detailed analysis of a large amount of original sources, it shows that syntactic matters were in fact carefully investigated throughout both the 19th century and during the first half of the 20th century. Moreover, it illustrates how the enormous development of syntactic research in the last fifty years has already condemned even several recent ideas and analyses to oblivion, and deeply influenced current research programs. The wealth of research undertaken over the last two centuries is presented here in a systematic way, taking as its starting point the relationship of syntax with psychology throughout this period. The critical ideas expressed in the text are based on a detailed illustration of the different syntactic models and analyses rather than on the polemics between the different schools.
The rise and fall of psychologistic syntax
What is syntax?
The analyses of the sentence and of the word groups
The role of syntax in the structuralist systems
Structuralist approaches to sentence analysis
The techniques of syntactic description
according adjective analysis analyzed anaphor approach assumed assumption attributive Becker belong Benveniste Bloomfield c-command Chomskian program Chomsky Chomsky's clause complement concepts connected constructions copula deep structure defined definition derived determining distinction elements endocentric essentially ethnopsychology example exocentric explicitly expression fact finite verb formal framework function Gabelentz given glossematic grammar grammarians Groot guage Harris Hence Hjelmslev Humboldt ibid impersonal Indo-European languages infinitival investigated Jespersen John judgement kind label latter lexical logical LSLT Marty Mathesius means Montague Grammar morphemes morphological namely natural language Neogrammarians node nominal notion noun phrase object Paul phenomena phrase structure rules Port-Royal position preposition principle problem pronouns refer relation relationship representation Ries role rules scholars semantic sequence Steinthal structural linguistics structuralist subject and predicate subordinate syntactic theories syntagm syntagmatic syntax tagmemes tence Tesniere Tesniere's tion topic traditional transformations utterance word groups word order Wundt X-bar theory
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Linguistics and the Formal Sciences: The Origins of Generative Grammar
Limited preview - 2006