21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium

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National Academies Press, May 15, 2009 - Technology & Engineering - 304 pages
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Recognizing that a capacity to innovate and commercialize new high-technology products is increasingly a key for the economic growth in the environment of tighter environmental and resource constraints, governments around the world have taken active steps to strengthen their national innovation systems.
These steps underscore the belief of these governments that the rising costs and risks associated with new potentially high-payoff technologies, their spillover or externality-generating effects and the growing global competition, require national R&D programs to support the innovations by new and existing high-technology firms within their borders.

The National Research Council's Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) has embarked on a study of selected foreign innovation programs in comparison with major U.S. programs. The "21st Century Innovation Systems for the United States and Japan: Lessons from a Decade of Change" symposium reviewed government programs and initiatives to support the development of small- and medium-sized enterprises, government-university- industry collaboration and consortia, and the impact of the intellectual property regime on innovation. This book brings together the papers presented at the conference and provides a historical context of the issues discussed at the symposium.

 

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Contents

The Chrysanthemum Meets the Eagle The Coevolution of Innovation Policies in Japan and the United StatesSadao Nagaoka and Kenneth Flamm
3
II OVERVIEW
19
OverviewSadao Nagaoka Kenneth Flamm and Masayuki Kondo
21
III SYMPOSIUM PAPERS
27
1990 to the PresentAkira Goto and Kazuyuki Motohashi
29
Where Do They Stand?Ryuji Shimoda
40
Theory Practice and Results in the Advanced Technology ProgramStephanie Shipp and Marc Stanley
57
The Role of Innovation AwardsCharles W Wessner
77
Issues in and Possible Reforms of the US Patent SystemBronwyn H Hall
138
Reform of Patent System in Japan and ChallengesSadao Nagaoka
153
IndustryUniversity RD Partnerships in the United StatesIrwin Feller
169
UniversityIndustry Partnerships in JapanMasayuki Kondo
186
The Connected Science Model for InnovationThe DARPA RoleWilliam B Bonvillian
206
Lessons of the 1990sYosuke Okada Kenta Nakamura and Akira Tohei
238
IV APPENDIXES
251
Symposium Agenda
253

Experiences and LessonsTakehiko Yasuda
95
SEMATECH and the International Technology RoadmapKenneth Flamm
108
Experiences and Lessons for the FutureShuzo Fujimura
126
Bibliography
260
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