21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook, Volume 1

Front Cover
Stephen F. Davis, William Buskist
SAGE, 2008 - Psychology - 1072 pages
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Via 100 entries or'mini-chapters,' the SAGE 21st Century Reference Series provides an authoritative reference source that serves students' research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries, but not as much jargon or density as a journal article or a research handbook chapter.

21st Century Psychology highlights the most important topics, issues, questions and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to master to have an effective understanding of the discipline in the 21st century.

The contributors consist of established experts within the field of psychology, including several former presidents of the American Psychological Association. The 100+ chapters provide material of interest for students from all areas of psychological studies including the biological, cognitive, developmental, social and clinical arenas. Coverage includes cutting-edge topics such as human performance in extreme environments. Chapters are brief and accessible with references to guide through to further readings.

Key Features

- Provides students with initial footholds on topics of interest in researching for term papers, in preparing for Graduate Record Examination, in consulting to determine directions to take in pursuing a senior thesis, graduate degree or career

- Offers full coverage of major sub-themes and subfields within psychology including social, developmental, cognitive, biological, clinical and methodology

- Provides a uniform in-chapter structure to make it easy for students to locate key information with a common format of: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparisons, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography, Suggestions for Further Reading and Cross References

 

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Contents

1 Psychology Before 1900
2
2 Psychology in the 20th Century
12
3 Psychology Into the 21st Century
21
4 Women and Minorities in Psychology
25
5 Conducting Research on the History of Psychology
37
Basic Research Methodology and Analytic Techniques
45
6 Statistical Techniques and Analysis
46
7 Validity
55
53 Prenatal Development and Infancy
2
54 Childhood and Adolescence
16
Perspectives on Adult Development
25
56 Disabilities
37
57 Autism
46
58 Giftedness
56
59 Death Dying and Bereavement
64
60 Nature Versus Nurture
72

8 Nonexperimental Research Methods
65
9 Experimental Designs
71
10 SingleSubject Designs
80
11 Qualitative Research
93
12 Ethics of Psychological Research
103
Neuroscience
113
13 Biological Psychology
114
14 Neurotransmission
125
15 Traditional Neuroscience Research Methods
132
16 Imaging Techniques for the Localization of Brain Function
139
17 Drugs and Behavior
150
18 Behavioral Pharmacology
161
Sensory Processes and Perception
171
19 Sensation
172
20 Psychophysics
177
21 States of Consciousness
187
22 Taste
196
23 Vision
205
24 Olfaction
216
25 Audition
226
26 Somatosensory Systems
237
27 Perception
245
Evolution and Behavior
257
The Impact of Evolution on Human Behavior
258
29 Evolutionary Perspectives on Mate Preferences
267
30 Animal Learning and Behavior
275
31 Animal Cognition
285
32 Comparative Psychology
294
Basic Learning Processes
299
33 Classical Conditioning
300
34 Recent Trends in Classical Conditioning
310
35 TasteAversion Learning
320
36 Operant Conditioning
329
37 Recent Trends in Operant Conditioning
340
38 Social Learning
351
39 Stimulus Equivalence
360
Individual Differences and Personality
373
40 Psychometrics
374
41 Testing and Assessment
383
42 Personality Development
392
43 Personality Psychology
402
44 Intelligence
413
45 Motivation and Emotion
422
Cognitive Psychology
431
A Look Into the Past Present and Future
432
47 Memory and Eyewitness Testimony
441
48 Repressed and Recovered Memory
450
49 Language and Language Development
460
50 Thinking and Problem Solving
470
51 Critical Thinking
478
52 Artificial Intelligence
485
Developmental Psychology
1
Myth or Mental Disorder?
79
Social Psychology
93
62 Social Cognition
94
63 Attitudes and Attitude Change
104
64 Group Processes
113
65 Social Influence
123
66 The Nature of Love
134
67 Prejudice and Stereotyping
143
Theory and Practice
152
Health Stress and Coping
163
69 Health Psychology
164
70 Stress and Stressors
175
71 Coping Skills
184
72 Resilience
192
73 Positive Psychology
202
74 Human Performance in Extreme Environments
210
75 HIV
219
76 Suicide
228
Behavior Disorders and Clinical Psychology
235
77 Abnormal Psychology
236
78 Ethics of Therapists
245
79 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM
253
80 Anxiety Disorders
262
81 Dissociative Disorders
271
82 Personality Disorders
277
An Overview
288
Understanding a Split Mind
299
85 Psychoactive Substance Use Disorders
307
86 Psychotherapy
318
87 CognitiveBehavioral Therapy
323
88 Family Therapy and Therapy With Children
333
89 Pharmacotherapy
345
Sensationalism and Reality
356
91 Sexual Offending Behavior
366
Applied Psychology
375
92 Industrial and Organizational Psychology
376
93 Human Factors
387
94 Community Psychology
395
95 Sport Psychology
406
96 Environmental Psychology
415
97 Psychology and the Law
425
98 Applied Behavior Analysis
435
99 Organizational Behavior Management
448
Human Diversity
459
100 Gender and Sexual Orientation
460
101 Multiple Axes of Human Diversity
470
102 Psychology and Religion
475
103 CrossCultural Psychology and Research
483
104 International Psychology
491
Index
499
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About the author (2008)

Stephen F. Davis is Emeritus Professor of Psychology at Emporia State University. He served as the 2002-2003 Knapp Distinguished Professor of Arts and Sciences at the University of San Diego. Currently, he is Distinguished Guest Professor at Morningside College and Visiting Distinguished Professor of Psychology at Texas Wesleyan University. Since 1966, he has published over 325 articles, 30 textbooks, and presented over 900 professional papers; the vast majority of these publications and presentations include student coauthors. He has served as president of the Society for the Teaching of Psychology (STP; Division 2 of the American Psychological Association [APA]), Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Southwestern Psychological Association, and Psi Chi. In addition, he received the first Psi Chi Florence L. Denmark Faculty Advisor Award. He is a fellow of APA Divisions 1 (General), 2 (STP), 3 (Experimental), and 6 (Behavioral Neuroscience and Comparative Psychology), and a recipient in 1988 of the American Psychological Foundation's (APF) Distinguished Teaching of Psychology Award.

William Buskist is the Distinguished Professor in the Teaching of Psychology at Auburn University and a Faculty Fellow at Auburn’s Biggio Center for the Enhancement of Teaching and Learning. He has published widely on issues related to teaching and learning, both within his own discipline of psychology and more generally in higher education. His most recent publications include edited works with Groccia (Evidence-Based Teaching) and with Victor Benassi (Effective College and University Teaching: Strategies and Tactics for the New Professoriate). He has served as President for the Society for the Teaching of Psychology and is currently the Editor-in Chief for the Society’s e-book program). He has won numerous teaching awards at both the local and national levels as have many of his graduate student protégés. He is a Fellow of both the American Psychological Association and the Association for Psychological Science.

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