3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites
Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are used in almost every type of advanced engineering structure, with their usage ranging from aircraft, helicopters and spacecraft through to boats, ships and offshore platforms and to automobiles, sports goods, chemical processing equipment and civil infrastructure such as bridges and buildlings. The usage of FRP composites continues to grow at an impessive rate as these materials are used more in their existing markets and become established in relatively new markets such as biomedical devices and civil structures. A key factor driving the increased applications of composites over the recent years is the development of new advanced forms of FRP materials. This includes developments in high performance resin systems and new styles of reinforcement, such as carbon nanotubes and nanoparticles. This book provides an up-to-date account of the fabrication, mechanical properties, delamination resistance, impact tolerance and applications of 3D FRP composites. The book focuses on 3D composites made using the textile technologies of weaving, braiding, knitting and stiching as well as by z-pinning.
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2D laminates 3D braided composites 3D composites 3D fibre 3D orthogonal woven 3D weaving 3D woven composites aircraft axial braiding process braiding yarns carbon carbon/epoxy composite CFRP composite components composite material composite structures compressive strength crimping delamination cracking delamination resistance developed E-glass/epoxy effect of stitching equations fatigue fibre reinforced fibre volume fraction filler yarn finite element impact energy improved in-plane increasing interlaminar fracture toughness interlock Jain Kevlar kink knit architecture knitted composites knitted fabric layers liquid moulding loading machines manufacturing matrix mechanical performance mechanical properties micromechanical misalignment moulding processes multilayer non-crimp normalised plain weave predicted preform produced properties of 3D resin S-N curves Schematic shear strength shown in Figure specimens stiffness stitch density stitched composites strain strength MPa stress techniques tensile properties tensile strength textile composites thread through-thickness unidirectional unit cell unstitched warp knitting warp yarns weft knitted weft yarns Young's modulus z-binder Z-fibers
Page 230 - Review of Advanced Composite Structures for Naval Ships and Submarines", Composite Structures, Vol. 53 , pp. 21-41. 2. Laetsch, ND, 1993, "Composite Hull Increases Submarines Range of Action.
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