3 Maccabees is among the most neglected books of the Old Testament Apocrypha. This new commentary is one of very few written in the last century, and it is the only full-scale commentary in English. The volume includes a fresh translation of the Greek text of Alexandrinus, an introduction, a section by section commentary replete with cross-references to ancient literature and citations of modern scholarship, a bibliography, and indices. A novel contribution of the commentary is an interpretation of 3 Maccabees as, in part, a narrative satire on the cult of Dionysus.
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aaoiiisoac Add Esth ai’Jt<bv ai3t<bv Alexandria Alexandrian Jews ancient Anderson 1985a Antiochus Antiochus III apostates arrogance Arsinoé autobc autov Battle of Raphia BDAG Caligula celebration century BCE Cﬁ codex Coele-Syria crisis critical text decree deliverance described deSilva destruction Dionysian Dionysus divine Egypt Egyptian Eleazar elephants Esth Esther Eynikel feasting festival ﬁpac Gentiles God’s Greek Grimm Hadas Hauspie Hellenistic Hermon hippodrome holy inﬂicted Israel Jerusalem temple Jewish Josephus Kata Kata ti1|v king Kpatoc letter literary Macc Maccabees means mentioned narrative pagan participle petition Philopator Philopator’s Plutarch Polybius praise priests profanation psta psxpi Ptolemaic Egypt Ptolemy Ptolemy IV Philopator Ptolemy’s punishment refers reﬂect registration rhetorical rtaoiv rtav rtavta rtpoc rtspi ruler Schtirer seems sic ti1|v sic tov similar sleep srti t<bv taic Tcherikover TDNT tértov textual tﬁ tﬁc theJews tobc toﬁ toic toutwv tr|v translation variant verb verse wine word Xpévov