Three-participant Constructions in English: A Functional-cognitive Approach to Caused Relations
This study aims to give a systematic and comprehensive description of the constructions involved in three important types of alternation: the locative alternation, which is by far the most researched of the three, the image impression alternation and the material/product alternation. The author looks at the constructions as part of alternation, but also looks beyond the alternations, and analyzes and describes the constructions in their own right. They are analyzed as three-participant constructions with relational complements, construing causation of the three main subtypes of relations, namely intensive, circumstantial and possessive relations. Particular attention is paid to the concept of holicity, to the status of the prepositional phrase, and to collocational properties, which play a key role in the decision as to which alternate should be regarded as the unmarked one within its construction paradigm. The approach taken is inspired by systemic functional grammar and can broadly be characterized as cognitive-functional.
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I STATE OF THE ART
II TEXTUAL DIMENSIONS
III HOLICITY AND PARTIVITY
IV PROCESS AND PARTICIPANTS
V A RELATIONAL ANALYSIS
VI THE MATERIALPRODUCT CONSTRUCTIONS
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Agent agnate analysis anaphoric approach caused relational chapter characterized circumstantial and possessive collocational complement complex-transitive component conceptually dependent construals container-verbs content-verbs corpus count nouns dative Davidse Declerck definite article discussed dispersion domain of instantiation element entity express function given Givón grammar Halliday Halliday’s holicity holistic holistic interpretation identifying clauses image impression image impression alternation impression and material/product in/on indefinite information distribution information focus instance intensive involved Langacker lexical linguistic loaded Location and Locatum locative alternation locative constructions markedness mass nouns Material and Product material/product alternation material/product constructions meaning extension metafunction metonymic non-agentive participants non-alternating non-caused non-foc non-referential part/whole type partitive partitive/holistic Patient Peter’s piano Pinker polysemy postverbal prepositional PrepP Rappaport and Levin reference mass referential roles semantic semiosis semiotic type sentences spatial specific sprayed the wall statal passives structions structure Table ternation textual three-participant typically variant versus wagon whereas with-variant